Archive for the ‘Biogenesis’ Category
Tuesday, March 6th, 2012
Published at : Live Science
7 Theories on the Origin of Life
1- Electric Spark
Origem da Vida por Raios de Relampagos
Electric sparks can generate amino acids and sugars from an atmosphere loaded with water, methane, ammonia and hydrogen, as was shown in the famous Miller-Urey experiment reported in 1953, suggesting that lightning might have helped create the key building blocks of life on Earth in its early days. Over millions of years, larger and more complex molecules could form. Although research since then has revealed the early atmosphere of Earth was actually hydrogen-poor, scientists have suggested that volcanic clouds in the early atmosphere might have held methane, ammonia and hydrogen and been filled with lightning as well.
2- Community Clay
Teoria da Origem da Vida por Cristals na Argila
The first molecules of life might have met on clay, according to an idea elaborated by organic chemist Alexander Graham Cairns-Smith at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. These surfaces might not only have concentrated these organic compounds together, but also helped organize them into patterns much like our genes do now.
The main role of DNA is to store information on how other molecules should be arranged. Genetic sequences in DNA are essentially instructions on how amino acids should be arranged in proteins. Cairns-Smith suggests that mineral crystals in clay could have arranged organic molecules into organized patterns. After a while, organic molecules took over this job and organized themselves.
3- Deep-Sea Vents
Teoria da Origem da Vida nos Respiradouros na Profundidade dos Oceanos
The deep-sea vent theory suggests that life may have begun at submarine hydrothermal vents, spewing key hydrogen-rich molecules. Their rocky nooks could then have concentrated these molecules together and provided mineral catalysts for critical reactions. Even now, these vents, rich in chemical and thermal energy, sustain vibrant ecosystems
4- Chilly Start
Teoria da Origem da Vida do Frio Inicio
Ice might have covered the oceans 3 billion years ago, as the sun was about a third less luminous than it is now. This layer of ice, possibly hundreds of feet thick, might have protected fragile organic compounds in the water below from ultraviolet light and destruction from cosmic impacts. The cold might have also helped these molecules to survive longer, allowing key reactions to happen.
5 – RNA World
Teoria da Origem no Mundo do RNA
Nowadays DNA needs proteins in order to form, and proteins require DNA to form, so how could these have formed without each other? The answer may be RNA, which can store information like DNA, serve as an enzyme like proteins, and help create both DNA and proteins. Later DNA and proteins succeeded this “RNA world,” because they are more efficient. RNA still exists and performs several functions in organisms, including acting as an on-off switch for some genes. The question still remains how RNA got here in the first place. And while some scientists think the molecule could have spontaneously arisen on Earth, others say that was very unlikely to have happened.
Other nucleic acids other than RNA have been suggested as well, such as the more esoteric PNA or TNA.
6 – Simple Beginnings
Teoria da Origem da Vida do Inicio pela Simplicidade
Instead of developing from complex molecules such as RNA, life might have begun with smaller molecules interacting with each other in cycles of reactions. These might have been contained in simple capsules akin to cell membranes, and over time more complex molecules that performed these reactions better than the smaller ones could have evolved, scenarios dubbed “metabolism-first” models, as opposed to the “gene-first” model of the “RNA world” hypothesis.
Teoria da Origem da Vida pela Panspermia
Perhaps life did not begin on Earth at all, but was brought here from elsewhere in space, a notion known as panspermia. For instance, rocks regularly get blasted off Mars by cosmic impacts, and a number of Martian meteorites have been found on Earth that some researchers have controversially suggested brought microbes over here, potentially making us all Martians originally. Other scientists have even suggested that life might have hitchhiked on comets from other star systems. However, even if this concept were true, the question of how life began on Earth would then only change to how life began elsewhere in space.
8 – Biological Evolution as Continuity From Cosmological Evolution (Matrix/DNA)
Nucleotideos = Galaxias = Células
Diagrama do Software de um Sistema Fechado
Ciclo Vital de Humanos e Astros Celestes
Comment Posted at Live Science Article:
Louis Morelli · New York, New York
There are 8 theories. The last one is “Matrix/DNA Theory”. It suggests a configuration of the building block of galaxies which is the same configuration of a pair of nucleotides, the building block of RNA/DNA. The astronomical building block in this figure is a perfect closed system that works like the best machine. But, attacked by entropy the whole system is fragmented in its “bits-information”, in shape of photons, which are radiated by stars and planet’s nucleus. These photons penetrates atoms of planets surfaces and when there are good conditions, the photons drive the atoms to new combinations reproducing the astronomical system, which final results is the cell system, which has the same configuration of the astronomical building block. Them the theory suggests that the network of photons works like a software, showing the diagram of this software and suggesting that the Universe is like a computer, where Evolution is resulted from the entropic cycles with feed-back between the lightning software and the massive hardware. The theory is surprising because it shows how all life’s properties can be performed in a mechanic arrangement like in astronomy, and electro-magnetic spectrum of light. If you want see the figures, search “the universal matrix.com”.
Saturday, January 15th, 2011
Sorry. Since I am not having enough time for translating from Portuguese, for seeing the articles one need to chlick the Brazillian flag above. Also, I understand that the site is not explaining almost nothing about the theory. It is because the site is under construction, I have a lot of writed material but had no time and the special computers skills for doing that. I hope will do it soon. Thanks…
Thursday, July 15th, 2010
I’m doing all sorts of tricks trying to take the time to read 200 pages of discussion that took place recently in the American Government, where Craig Venter gives important and enlightening testimony, more precisely in:
Committee on Energy and Commerce
“Effects of Developments in Synthetic Genomics”
May 27, 2010,
Statement of Rep. Henry A. Waxman
Chairman, (see PDF)
and in the middle comes the following thought:
Manufacturing DNA in the laboratory means adding more alternatives to those already undertaken by Matrix who did that in order to exorcise herself from the selfish gene. She used a method which, for to explain it we can make the analogy of a monkey muddled with a coconut wanting to eat all the tasty white flesh.
When the monkey wants to get all the white pith of the coconut he must break the shell into the largest possible number of pieces. If he breaks it only in two pieces, it will be very hard to get parts of the kernels that are left in the bottom curves. Already having little pieces where the curves and funds disappear, it is sure that the monkey will be able to remove everything and more easily in less time. For the Matrix was like a coconut representing the character of hard, inflexible and closed selfish gene that dominated her matter when she was in the shape of LUCA. To clear herself of the plague she was fragmented into its smallest bits information, in all its units of information, so that – if you give a value of 100% to the selfish gene and assume that it is broken into 100 pieces – means that each piece contains 1% of the selfish gene that is different from all other 99 bits. Putting these 100 different types of DNA to compare themselves in their selfishness and into a chaotic environment as is the terrestrial biosphere, imposing suffering on everyone, the Matrix hopes debug all leading them to clean themselves. Then just reset the DNA raking all 100 pieces that will clean the Matrix again returned to its pure state as it was when it was part of the creator of this universe.
So what Mr. Craig Venter and synthetic biology is attempting to do is get new bits that differentiated those ones the Matrix ever did here. So suddenly we are led to think:
- “You can’t do that! We shouldn’t do that! We can disrupt the whole plan of the Matrix, and certainly we will do it, because who will build the new bits are the men, who are the carriers of the selfish gene and will do so trying to meet their selfish purposes. In other words, whoever is doing this is the selfish gene, a ruse to get rid from the punishment for original sin and rebuild here on Earth their artificial paradise in the form of the circuit of the snake.”
But we can not take a decision upon a first impression without analyzing the right thing before bringing other aspects of the matter. We found that there is the selfish gene, we unmasked the devil inside us, and it seems not to be our nature to deal with the devil. In other words we want it out of us, we want to exorcise it from us. I do not know if I can speak for most men, at least I want it, and we see that people who is not saint, as the atheist Richard Dawkins, willing to declare war on the devil, the selfish gene. So we’re not overwhelmed by the demon, but predisposes us to join forces with the pure Matrix of the Creator.
Humans have suffered a lot due to their fragility and chaotic environment. It’s been a real tragedy and torture camp for most. Is as much ruthlessness necessary toward an out-of-law? The fact is that the world thinks so, the carnage is fact and it is there for everyone to see. But we must remember that it is not a fault of the creator of the universe because it is not the God of the religious, he is not magical, but natural as we do, just much more aware and powerful. Its power can not prevent their children are punished in a prison fell on their own. So, if we be able to produce portions of Biological Matrix minimizing punishment, we will be doing the will of the creator who suffers the pain of seeing their children and we are generating benefits for us. Just make sure they fit genomes where the points of chaotic biosphere are more extreme, so it softens and manage the environment for the state of order as quickly as possible.
“- Wait a moment! This state of order (for humans unaware of the Cause of the Great Fall – the false paradise of Eden), that humans have in mind is to rebuild the false paradise. It’s Brave New World under the tutelage of the Great Mother Eve, a happy setting to accommodate the fleshly body and give you all satisfaction, all pleasure, but it means disrupting the pregnancy of self-awareness within our egg-head. A haven designed to perpetuate the stupidity, closing the door to evolution, up the universe have to intervene again imposing new Great Fall.”
Well, I guess we will not this way, if we have time for to teach, if not all, at least the majority of human beings, the knowledge of the Matrix that unmasks the devil. We have the opportunity to create an environment friendlier to humans on the land of this planet, to the cosmos as a whole, the same time that we can keep free and evolving our self-consciousness. To accomplish this goal we need, to manufacture the hits to replace the chaos of accidents and errors or fill gaps in resources needed.
Finally, our fate depends on the following strategy:
“The speed of technological development to produce new species of microbial life must be less than the speed of teaching over the matrix for all people.”
So who is behind and driving the whole process will be the pure Matrix of the Creator and not the addicted Matrix infected by the selfish gene.
Saturday, July 10th, 2010
See full article at: http://cienciadiaria.com.br
And here’s the version of the Matrix
(translation needs correction)
A study conducted by scientists at the Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, shows that small molecules could have acted as a “molecular midwife” to help in building blocks of long chains of genetic material, as well as aiding in the selection of base pairs of double DNA helix. For researchers, there is evidence that, before there were enzymes of protein for the production of both small molecules present in the prebiotic Earth (before the emergence of life on the planet) would have helped in the formation of these polymers to promote their self-assembly.
During the experiments, the scientists observed that the molecule may help ethidium oligonucleotides (short fragments of a single strand of DNA or RNA) in the formation of polymers. One of the biggest challenges for obtaining a polymer is that as he grows, their tips begin to react with each other instead of forming long chains – a problem that is known as cyclization. But by using a molecule that binds between adjacent base pairs of DNA (known as Interleaved), it is possible to form short pieces of DNA and RNA to facilitate the creation of larger molecules. Now, researchers are seeking the true identity of this molecule “mother of all”, for the formation of the first genetic polymer from Earth. The molecule selfless that took the first step in triggering the complex and explosive emergence of life.
First version of the Matrix
This theme reveals how difficult was the struggle of nature to restore the descendants of LUCA here on Earth to evolution, to correct them of the addiction that took his heavenly ancestors to commit the original sin. A battle at the level of molecules where the agents of nature had to invade closed walls of fortresses where the descendants ended addicts and bring them out where the officers were waiting for us with outstretched hands to form a new and wider society.
Let’s analyze the phenomenon coldly, without impregnating it with our mystic. If you really understand what the text says, we are observing the past, before the origins of life, and we see a group of atoms connected to form a tape and we know that this molecule is the initial part of a great tape that would take later and called RNA or DNA. But even small changes the tape target, their tips are linked and form a ring. Goodbye RNA, was not this time yet. But we found another smaller group – that would inevitably bend their tips and close – and something strange happens: it appears around a small group of atoms known as ethyl molecule that grabs one end of the small molecule and preventing it from bending close, and brings other atoms connecting them at that point. It looks like the tip after some time changes its normal behavior, because now it does not attract more for the other end, and thus remains atoms added to it. Thus one day came to get a complete RNA molecule and hence the life appeared. In turn, the molecule of ethyl with his mission accomplished, quietly disappeared from the scene, does not expect reporters, television, the reward from the government, the fame of heroin, and will seek another molecule anonymous baby who help grow…
Gee … but we’re talking about atoms, a gang or random group of atoms! Atoms are sets of particles, they have no purpose, they do not move a finger unless they are lacking in energy and seek food in the form of an electron in the surface layers of other atoms. If you have a group of them acting differently, with abnormal behavior, and even more purposeful to help, the babysitting babies, midwives, it is clear they do not know what they do or why they do it. There must be some forces within or outside of them, with more power than the natural force of them, directing them. Either that or we undressed the coat of a scientist, sent Science go plant potatoes because the world is not logical.
I think only the existence of systems may explain these forces. It’s the only thing we know and proven that we know can act in the matter without being visible. An Arab who should be working and looking girlfriend suddenly fills with bomb and kills himself. An unreasonable behavior that came out of him: an invisible system known as Islam (or at least an ideological system of terrorists). Systems hierarchically higher or greater in complexity act on smaller systems outside or on their sub-systems or even the essence of a system that gives it its identity, which is the information overload of information beyond the sum of all its parts acts on its own shares. This excess of information that is not in any of the parts, resulting from the experiences of interactions between the parts is the mind’s invisible system. Just as in man there is an entity that is abstract, untouchable, called mind, which is substantially different from the body that produces it, is different from all parts of the body, but has the power to direct the body to where she decides. Atoms alone are not heroes or altruistic. Put billions of atoms connected and they form a stone, which does not move a finger, because the loose stones are pieces of a disconnected system.
But then, what’s and where’s the system that exists in that area at that soup of mud, leading a group of atoms to abnormal behavior? Nobody goes to see because there is not any system; everyone swears that there is no system there.
As a result, we are tempted to see small groups of atoms as if they were thinking entities with piracy! It is fashionable to say that genes have roles, which have knowledge of the future, because these other piles of atoms possess the ultimate purpose of self-perpetuation! Researches stopped themselves, totally to seek external forces to the atoms, gave personality to them. Lost his mind! We were laughing by the religious because they believe they know where the forces comes from forces: God.
There is a complete system, very big, huge even, in a shapeless mass of very tiny cells. I refer to the genetic code within a morula or blastulae in the middle of amniotic soup from which will develop a human being. The human being is the system that is driving the behavior of atoms within that soup, but there are no human beings inside the small egg. He was transfigured, decoded, and placed as a molecule composed of atoms within the amorphous mass. So if we have a proven solution here on Earth, why we should issue identity cards for molecules or demote God from the heights to come here and be playing with mud? Why not seek a larger system out of the soup?!
It was the conclusion I arrived at Amazon. When crouched turning mud of the swamp, thinking the system, I lit this little light, I thought about it, let the mud and looked up, searching the surrounding area, risking an investigator to look into the heavens … I never went back to the mud to find the answers to the origins of life. Surely they were not there, like my father and mother were not in person inside the tiny egg from my early days.
So … if I fight for this idea, now I at least must to suggest who’s the unknown system and where the system are.
When the scientific text says “A major challenge to obtain a polymer is that as he grows, their tips begin to react with each other instead of forming long chains – a problem that is known to cyclisation.” We can understand it in the language of the Matrix. Prior to remember that “polymer” atoms are connected together to form a tape, as if it were a worm and they came together because the sun’s energy and substance of the earth’s core inoculate the atoms of light particles called photons, which are units of information from the LUCA’s Matrix/DNA. These photons are trying to create a body to incarnate itself as software, as we try to do a more advanced computer hardware to operate the latest software more developed than before. The photons act as subversive agents of a foreign regime on the particles of atoms leading them to connect in new ways. But photons inherited from LUCA are the supreme selfishness and so when they have aligned atoms sufficient to unite the two ends of the worm to they attempt transform it into a ring.
Benzene, a simple compound cyclic.
The most primitive ring chemical benzene was discovered by Kekulée while traveling in a carriage and started to sleep but as the bumps of the carriage made her body dancing he dreamed of dancing atoms and forming wheels and cirandas. Suddenly he shouted to the coachman to stop, left the train, raised his arms to the heavens and shouted to the world: “I found the Benzene.” And gave an affectionate slap on the rump of the horse by saying “thanks buddy, to your trot! When we arrive you will have the best alfalfa ad and a week of vacation!”
Forming the ring LUCA’s genes closed the system, have retreated inside of him as the turtle is retreating into the shell inside and prepare to live eternally thermodynamic their paradise. But Nature does not want that, she has a mission far greater reach than just be balls or hard balls around in the sky, so she has to open those tips to add more atoms that are needed to build more complex systems and let them open to evolve. When she breaks up a ring it is called by chemists of “cyclization” and see an example:
Ring opening metathesis Polymerisation
See details on Wikipedia. You see as a closed ring, when involved in a substance catalyst in a laboratory, it becomes an open line as a worm? Now for an opposite example, when a chain of atoms in the form of line – or open system – makes its points and sticking to react to form a ring, closed system:
In the scientists’ experiment the agent of Nature to correct the heirs of LUCA was a molecule of ethidium, which would be in place above the base-ROH. I think this example is not quite appropriate, but this haste cannot find another (if you have time you have a mission to help me with the opportunity to learn by yourself (a)). For as the text says: “… small molecules could have acted as a” molecular midwife “to help in building blocks of long chains of genetic material” – the action of ethidium molecule is not to attack and break rings after they were closed but she acts before the two ends of the chain of atoms come together, inserting these new tips atoms selected to fulfill a plan consisting of a larger and more complex. Therefore, the molecule of ethidium functions more as missionaries and psychologists dealing with young people seeking to become addicted trying to convince them to follow another path. Or as the message of the Matrix tries to transmit a healthier naturalist message to the young that lost the religious faith of parents and is about to be captured in the network transmitted by the theories of materialistic nihilism.
It said: “Now, researchers are seeking the true identity of this molecule” mother of all “, for the formation of the first genetic polymer from Earth. The molecule selfless that took the first step in triggering the complex and explosive emergence of life.” Well, that name “molecule of life”, or “mother of all” are advertising resources to enhance the materialist theory of abiogenesis. Believe that there would be a molecule or midwife creator of life? But will they have forgotten what lies behind the true meaning of the word “Life”? It is the most complex thing existing in these regions of the universe, an extraordinary engineering that we can never imitate, then who created this fantastic thing would have been a handful of atoms more stupid than a rock?! Now common! Anyway, I prefer the reasoning of Matrix Theory which suggests that many different molecules as agents for polymerization, these molecules are out pieces of the circuit LUCA ion affinity looking for other molecules that contain snippets of the past with neighbors, so as a Chinese arrived in New York will not seek to live in the Turkish quarter but the neighborhood that contains his countrymen from China.
Another issue related to this and what is fashionable eco is the fact that the industrial laboratory techniques discover how close lines or rings rather as open rings in rows, and the results of these experiments are materials such as nylon, polyethylene, etc.. A technique known as “Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of cycloalkenes” has important petrochemicals. Hence we can understand why some of these products are toxic pollutants or non-degradable, since we are creating new chemical compounds that can be deadly to those formed naturally, for both closed rings and opened molecules that would be used by evolution.
See here some useful definitions:
In chemistry, a cyclic compound is a compound in which a number of carbon atoms are connected into a loop or ring.  Benzene is a well known example. The term “polycyclic” is used when more than one ring form a molecule such as in naphthalene, and the term macrocycle is used for a ring containing more than a dozen atoms.
An organic chemical reaction that forms a cycle, i.e., produces a cyclic molecule from a non-cyclic compound is called cyclization reaction. A generic example to understand this type of reaction is the cyclization of hexane cyclohexane. An example of the cyclization reaction produces the Dieckmann condensation.
Saturday, May 16th, 2009
This article is a copy of my post in the “Richard Dawkins Forum, see:
In the board “Evolution and Natural Selection”
Eversbane wrote: “The universe does not need explaining. The scientists you see around you are here only to describe it. No need to explain anything. Thanks anyway.”
My answer: “ Huh? The Blind Sciencemaker ?!… Ok, it is not me that want change your mind, since that I know I am not the owner of the thru, and so, I am a blind seeker. I am very grateful to scientists that are experimentalist because I need the data they collects and distributes, my investigation in the jungle is supported over their shoulders. But… are you really right?! Let’s see an example about an interview with Stanley Miller, at http://www.accessexcellence.org/WN/NM/miller.php .
Question: Who came up with the idea of the reducing atmosphere?
Miller: “Oparin, a Russian scientist, began the modern idea of the origin of life when he published a pamphlet in 1924. His idea was called the heterotrophic hypothesis: that the first organisms were heterotrophic, meaning they got their organic material from the environment, rather than having to make it, like blue-green algae. This was an important idea. Oparin also suggested that the less biosynthesis there is, the easier it is to form a living organism. Then he proposed the idea of the reducing atmosphere where you might make organic compounds.
He also proposed that the first organisms were coacervates, a special type of colloid. Nobody takes that last part very seriously anymore, but in 1936, this was reasonable since DNA was not known to be the genetic material..
In 1951, unaware of Oparin’s work, Harold Urey came to the same conclusion about the reducing atmosphere. He knew enough chemistry and biology to figure that you might get the building blocks of life under these conditions.
Question: Tell us about the famous electrical discharge experiment.
Miller: The experiments were done in Urey’s lab when I was a graduate student. Urey gave a lecture in October of 1951 when I first arrived at Chicago and suggested that someone do these experiments. So I went to him and said, “I’d like to do those experiments”. The first thing he tried to do was talk me out of it. Then he realized I was determined. He said the problem was that it was really a very risky experiment and probably wouldn’t work, and he was responsible that I get a degree in three years or so. So we agreed to give it six months or a year. If it worked out fine, if not, on to something else. As it turned out I got some results in a matter of weeks.”
So, dear EVERSBANE, either Oparin and Urey’s contributions were ideas emerged when seeking explanations for ultimate causes, which results in hypothesis and theories. Miller did not worked as a blind sciencemaker but he was guided by those ideas. See the words from Stanley Miller, below:
“In the 1820′s a German chemist named Woeller announced the synthesis of urea from ammonium cyanate, creating a compound that occurs in biology. That experiment is so famous because it is considered the first example where inorganic compounds reacted to make a biological compound. They used to make a distinction between organic, meaning of biological origin, and inorganic- CO2, CO and graphite. We now know that there is no such distinction…. However, it remained a mystery how you could make organic compounds under geological conditions and have them organized into a living organism. A number of people tried prebiotic experiments. But they used CO2F, nitrogen and water. When you use those chemicals, nothing happens. It’s only when you use a reducing atmosphere that things start to happen.”
So, I think it is clear that the method of unification of theories and experimentation was the guide for the brilliant Miller’s results and not the method of “blind experimentations”.
But, since the Miller-Urey’s experiments we never got the next step, making the aminoacids working alone for producing proteins or RNA. The Miller-Urey experiments remain a dead end, as said somebody here in the “abiogenesis forum”. I think that, again, Miller has the right explanation for “why?” we did not get it. See his words below:
“ The more important research are the experiments these days, rather than the trading of ideas. Good ideas are those that when reduced to an experiment end up working. Our approach is to do experiments and demonstrate things, not just talk about possibilities.”
If someone that make the job of naturalist philosopher and, in preference, in stranger lands, like the salvage Amazon jungle, does not try to organize the immense collection of data we have today, plus the inspiration get from the observation of crude nature, and try to organize it in models of a theory, we will not get the next step, I think.
By the way, the jungle is telling me that without the photons from sunlight and/or the materials from Earth nucleus, the amino acids of miller will not work alone. My models are suggesting some kind of laboratory experiments, I can’t do it from here.
There are something else I need suggest here: “ never think about, or never tell the words “origins” , “life” , “creation”, “spontaneous emergence”. There is no origin; there are no origins of life. The word “origins” means a broken event of natural flow of forces, means that cause-effect was broken by something non-natural, and we, here, in the jungle, never saw it happens. Instead using the word “ life” I use the word ‘biological systems’, facing ‘electro-magnetic systems’, ‘atomic systems”, ‘Newtonian mechanic system”, etc. The opposite of life is death and not non-living, there is no such distinction, I think. The word “origins” has been the cause of a lot of human mind deviation from the real nature, it is a cause for creating religions and erroneous ideas of “spontaneous generations”. The currently models in Astronomy are based upon the idea of “spontaneous generation of bodies in the sky”, and since I never have seen spontaneous generations here in the jungle, I don’t believe in it. Cheers…
Friday, May 15th, 2009
From Primordial Soup to the Prebiotic Beach
Nos precisamos urgente fazer experiencias que podem levar `a producao de sistemas biologicos a partir de material inorganico. Sugestoes:
1) Elementos da “atmosfera reduzida” (reducing atmosphere) usados por Stanley Miller (methane, ammonia, hydrogen and water) – In the flask at the bottom, he created an “ocean” of water, which he heated, forcing water vapor to circulate through the apparatus. The flask at the top contained an “atmosphere” consisting of methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen (H2) and the circulating water vapor. – Porem ao inves de usar descargas eletricas, usar luz ou energia solar.
2) Se nao der resultado, adicionar aqueles componentes material possivelmente obtido do nucleo planetario, parece-me que lixivia?, sulfas (ver aquele velho recorte do fluxo entre nucleo e superficie)
Thursday, May 7th, 2009
Comets hold life chemistry clues
See at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/5173992.stm
I have no time just now for studying this news and translating, so I will note the first suggestion from Matrix:
- First of all, life can be produced at any place in the Universe when there is the convergence of good material conditions and spreading of LUCA’s genes: radiation from any body located at the left side of the LUCA’s body, where energy is up.
- The best candidate for those irradiation should be “pulsar” – which are proto-sun, and young stars (if its radiation reaches any body that has its nuclear material coming to its surface;
- Pulsar or proto-sun irradiates its “genes” by volcano eruption, which produces the nucleus of comets;
So, comets are the best and better candidate for spreading the bits-information for to initialize life’s elsewhere - demonstrating that the data related by this news is in accordance with Matrix Theory.
|By Jonathan Amos
Science reporter, BBC News, San Francisco
The idea that comets delivered the chemical “seeds” for life to the early Earth has been given a big boost. Scientists studying the tiny grains of material recovered from Comet Wild-2 by Nasa’s Stardust mission have found large, complex carbon-rich molecules.They are of the type that could have been important precursor components of the initial reactions that gave rise to the planet’s biochemistry.The first full analysis of the Wild-2 grains is reported in Science magazine.