Archive for the ‘Abiogenesis’ Category
Thursday, January 24th, 2013
This article is more detailed and complete in Portuguese section, here:
That’s fantastical! Discovered the solution for the biggest puzzle in Life’s Science? About a hundred years, people has watching an incredible working motor inside the living cell, and we had no idea how, or from where, Nature got it. It will be very good if you watch the motor working, in the movie/animation at
Look to the complex called “ATP Synthase”. Isn’t stupendous, whimsical?! From where came this object, this phenomenon? How did it to being?! Do you believe – as many believers – that, the stupidous matter of this lost cosmic planet did it, alone? Or do you believe that the matter of other planet or constellation did it? If so, is it a magic planet? Or do you believe that God – or other non-natural being – came here to Earth and did it by magic?
We found a theoretical solution, well developed and logical, rational. But, the solution we found suggests that all beliefs above can be right, if you mix them all together and see the final board! The matter of Earth did it (but, not alone), the matter of others constelations also colaborated for doing it, and a super-natural entity drove the elaboration ( but not a non-natural entity since it must be the ancestral and producer of this observable Universe; and not by magic, since the ATP Synthase appeared here by genetic reproduction and/or by a Good playing with living softwares). Everything should be possible, but, we now know how was the natural process that made it, and from where it came from: it came from the body of LUCA, the Last Universal Common Ancestral!
Ok, let’s see the ” body of LUCA”:
And now, let’s see this extraordinary engeenering natural job, the motor called ATP Synthase:
Ok. Seeing the two pictures, side by side, and understanding how each works, is almost automatically: we see at the astronomical ancestral proto-system a kind of proto-motor, doing the same job that the cellular machinery is doing. The picture of LUCA has a nuclei, inside the nuclei has a quasar composed by dusty and debris from stellar decomposition, and below the quasar there is the black hole. 4 billions years of Evolution, changing from celestial space and matter composed only by solid and gaseous state of matter, to Earth surface, with matter earning a new state of matter,the liquid state, and then, the chemical rreactions… and finally we see the whole process of transformation at the picture below ( cilick on it for seeing better):
Understanding the method of investigation:
To those does not know what this website is about:
I am suggesting a theoretical model of LUCA – The Last Universal Common Ancestral.
LUCA does not leave at Earth, but it is surrounding Earth and contains Earth. The picture shows the seven known kind of astronomical bodies, but LUCA is every body. The picture shows the Life’s Cycle of LUCA, at least, his seven principal shapes in any lifetime. The seven pieces are connected as each shape of a human body in its lifetime are connected together. The LUCA’s Life’s Cycle – when reproducing and fixing its several shapes – becomes a closed perpetual motor, but not a system, yet. The sistemic closed circuit of mass and energy carries the flow of information (genetic information of LUCA), but it exists only in relation to time; it does not exists visible in the space (like the several shapes of a human body during its lifetime can not be visible arranged as system in the space). LUCA – its complet Life’s Cycle – becomes the building block of astronomical architectures, like galaxies. The picture of LUCA above can be seeing as the same picture of a base-pair of nucleotides, the fundamental unit of information of RNA/DNA. Extrating the circuit of energy as flow of information, from LUCA’s picture, we got the same picture of a unit of the DNA. By the process of Macro-Evolution, which is performed by seven variables – having among them the three variables of Darwinian micro-evolution - Nature applies “nanotechnoly” transforming astronomical architecture into micro architecture. After several mechanisms and processes revealed inside this theory, LUCA is transformed into biological systems, and those becomes plants and animal systems, like human beings. Over the homo-erectus’ brain, the theory sees a new jump of macro-evolution, the elaboration of “counciousness” which we have a theoretical model suggesting its anatomy as natural system. That’s it…
Well… I am afraid I will need stopping now ( it is time for begining work with my auto-cab in New York, so, we need stopping this historical discover…) But, after the work journey, I will came back, if God wants… Ah?! God? How I said that? Which God? Where? Hummm… maybe here at our side… or not?)
Tuesday, August 14th, 2012
(Please, see the same article in Portuguese “Artigos”: there are more information)
At the “home” page of this website there is the news that The Matrix/DNA formula is suggesting a rational explanation for the question “Why life turned left” . Everybody can see it clear if looking to the formula. The left side of Matrix’s face ( from F 2 to F 4 ) is where a new body is born, growing, till arriving to maturity and ability for reproduction. The energy is up in a phase of construction. It is the force among the chaos that drives matter to an ordered state. But the energy is covered, occult, as the body’s nucleus, then, there is more mass than energy. If we see the formula in its state as astronomical system, this left face goes from the baby-astro to pulsar. In another hand, the piece of circuitry comprised from F 6 to F7 (and part of F 1) is the right side of Matrix’s face when the body got maturity and immediately the energy began to fall, a phenomenon that can be measured as entropy. The energy gains the surface of the body, and the mass begins to disappear. In its shape as astronomic system, this piece of circuitry begins with a supernova and goes to the stellar cadaver ( nebula off dust).
Then… why Nature choose only the left face for building biological systems? Why not a mixed moisture with left and right faces? The explanation is rational. If the first molecules were complete, life should be in its initial stage till today, forever. It never would be able to do the next evolutionary step. Because a complete molecule, containing the left and right faces, has the force of death with her. It would be a copy of closed system, just as the astronomic system. Nature needed a opened system, one that kept the doors opened to evolution, to the next evolutionary steps.
Ok, but, the problem of the NASA-Astrobiology team is how to identify, in the actual state of any planet or moon, those states that are suitable for beginning the biological formation. As a poor hard-work man I have no time just now for trying to get the suggestions from the Matrix formula. The issue becomes more complicated because I am very confused when calculating what kind of evolutionary product could be naturally obtained from a mechanical/Newtonian system, like the Matrix formula is suggesting as the astronomic system creator of life. It is possible to do that, I believe, but it needs a lot of theoretical calculations and I have no time for doing it. Another problem is that we need to study the atomic formula of several natural elements, like methane, sulfur, and making comparisons with the atomic formula of the first amino-acids, for detecting the complementary systemic circuits. I know that the NASA team will not do that because they don’t know and don’t understand the rationality behind the Matrix formula. The final conclusion is that our beloved Humanity needs to know where else there is life and where else is suitable for life, because we will need to move out from this loved planet-home one day and we need the wealth, the resources for improving the life of billions of human beings, which source can be in others life’s forms. So, I will continuing this research…
How Life Turned Left
July 25, 2012 / Written by: Bill Steigerwald
Left and Right Handed Molecules - This is an artist's concept of excess left-hand aspartic acid created in asteroids and delivered to Earth via meteorite impacts. The line at the bottom is a chromatogram showing that left-hand aspartic acid (tall peak in the center) was four times more abundant in the meteorite sample than right-hand aspartic acid (smaller peak to the left). Credit: NASA/Hrybyk-Keith, Mary P.
Comments by Louis Morelli ( waiting moderation) (Tue, Aug, 14, 2012)
1) Please, why we are calling “left” and “right” if there is no possible point of reference? Look to the draw above. If you take the left-hand aspartic acid (tall peak in the center) and turn it 180* horizontally and at same time, vertically, and put it side by side with the molecule at smaller peak, keeping both vertically, the right will be left and vice-versa. But, then, the result is a figure in the same shape of DNA, which was the normal course of evolution. I know that this issue is only a human concept, like the concept of left and right human hands is wrong since that Earth is rounded and has no point of reference. But the position of molecules here is very important because at every natural system’s circuitry the left side is always “energy up” and the right is “energy down” ( if the model of natural system in the Matrix/DNA Theory is correct). This is about the direction of information inside a system, and if we don’t know the right direction our research and meanings could be wrong. Why life has chosen the left hand? Because it is energy up, where there is no entropy for stopping the initial start of life. Any answers? Thanks…
2) Ask a Question to an Astrobiologist, by Louis Morelli
In the Tagish Lake meteorite there was less alanine than aspartic acid, both left-handed. Possible explanations should be:
1) Alanine is as common in living bodies as aspartic acid today, but not in Nature at life’s origins. The strong presence of heavy atoms in alanine suggests that it performs the functions of right handed bi-lateral symmetry. So, why a left handed performs right handed functions? because right handed are entropic functions that brings death to systems, and at the beginning, Nature was in needs of molecules that could fix a reproductive process before dying.
2) Biological systems, aka “life” were created by and inside astronomic systems. So, the later is merely evolutionary step from the earlier. Informations from astronomic systems are transmitted by photons from stellar radiation in a clockwise direction, then, first, are created biological molecules left handed, despite that non-biological are equal amount. Aspartic acid is genuine left-handed with light atoms, then, it is produced more than alanine;
3) Primordial aminoacids were produced by mechanical/Newtonian process and not by biological process, so, the production of both aminoacids could be equal, but nature has selected the left ones because they contains energy up. Please what do you think about these suggestions from a different theoretical cosmological model, called Matrix/DNA Theory?
How Life Turned Left
(Sorry to authors of this article that I am coping it here, but this copy will be here only temporary: is the unique way I have for to study it in deep and registering the useful data end the suggestions from the Matrix.)
Researchers analyzing meteorite fragments that fell on a frozen lake in Canada have developed an explanation for the origin of life’s handedness – why living things only use molecules with specific orientations. The work also gave the strongest evidence to date that liquid water inside an asteroid leads to a strong preference of left-handed over right-handed forms of some common protein amino acids in meteorites. The result makes the search for extraterrestrial life more challenging.
“Our analysis of the amino acids in meteorite fragments from Tagish Lake gave us one possible explanation for why all known life uses only left-handed versions of amino acids to build proteins,” said Dr. Daniel Glavin of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. Glavin is lead author of a paper on this research published in the journal Meteoritics and Planetary Science.
In January, 2000, a large meteoroid exploded in the atmosphere over northern British Columbia, Canada, and rained fragments across the frozen surface of Tagish Lake. Because many people witnessed the fireball, pieces were collected within days and kept preserved in their frozen state. This ensured that there was very little contamination from terrestrial life. “The Tagish Lake meteorite continues to reveal more secrets about the early Solar System the more we investigate it,” said Dr. Christopher Herd of the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, a co-author on the paper who provided samples of the Tagish Lake meteorite for the team to analyze. “This latest study gives us a glimpse into the role that water percolating through asteroids must have played in making the left-handed amino acids that are so characteristic of all life on Earth.”
Proteins are the workhorse molecules of life, used in everything from structures like hair to enzymes, the catalysts that speed up or regulate chemical reactions. Just as the 26 letters of the alphabet are arranged in limitless combinations to make words, life uses 20 different amino acids in a huge variety of arrangements to build millions of different proteins. Amino acid molecules can be built in two ways that are mirror images of each other, like your hands. Although life based on right-handed amino acids would presumably work fine, they can’t be mixed. “Synthetic proteins created using a mix of left- and right-handed amino acids just don’t work,” says Dr. Jason Dworkin ofNASA Goddard, co-author of the study and head of the Goddard Astrobiology Analytical Laboratory, where the analysis was performed.
Since life can’t function with a mix of left- and right-handed amino acids, researchers want to know how life – at least, life on Earth — got set up with the left-handed ones. “The handedness observed in biological molecules – left-handed amino acids and right-handed sugars – is a property important for molecular recognition processes and is thought to be a prerequisite for life,” said Dworkin. All ordinary methods of synthetically creating amino acids result in equal mixtures of left- and right-handed amino acids. Therefore, how the nearly exclusive production of one hand of such molecules arose from what were presumably equal mixtures of left and right molecules in a prebiotic world has been an area of intensive research.
The team ground up samples of the Tagish Lake meteorites, mixed them into a hot-water solution, then separated and identified the molecules in them using a liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer. “We discovered that the samples had about four times as many left-handed versions of aspartic acid as the opposite hand,” says Glavin. Aspartic acid is an amino acid used in every enzyme in the human body. It is also used to make the sugar substitute Aspartame. “Interestingly, the same meteorite sample showed only a slight left-hand excess (no more than eight percent) for alanine, another amino acid used by life.”
“At first, this made no sense, because if these amino acids came from contamination by terrestrial life, both amino acids should have large left-handed excesses, because both are common in biology,” says Glavin. “However, a large left-hand excess in one and not the other tells us that they were not created by life but instead were made inside the Tagish Lake asteroid.” The team confirmed that the amino acids were probably created in space using isotope analysis.
Isotopes are versions of an element with different masses; for example, carbon 13 is a heavier, and less common, variety of carbon. Since the chemistry of life prefers lighter isotopes, amino acids enriched in the heavier carbon 13 were likely created in space.
“We found that the aspartic acid and alanine in our Tagish Lake samples were highly enriched in carbon 13, indicating they were probably created by non-biological processes in the parent asteroid,” said Dr. Jamie Elsila of NASAGoddard, a co-author on the paper who performed the isotopic analysis. This is the first time that carbon isotope measurements have been reported for these amino acids in Tagish Lake. The carbon 13 enrichment, combined with the large left-hand excess in aspartic acid but not in alanine, provides very strong evidence that some left-handed proteinogenic amino acids — ones used by life to make proteins — can be produced in excess in asteroids, according to the team.
Some have argued that left-handed amino acid excesses in meteorites were formed by exposure to polarized radiation in the solar nebula – the cloud of gas and dust from which asteroids, and eventually the Solar System, were formed. However, in this case, the left-hand aspartic acid excesses are so large that they cannot be explained by polarized radiation alone. The team believes that another process is required.
Additionally, the large left-hand excess in aspartic acid but not in alanine gave the team a critical clue as to how these amino acids could have been made inside the asteroid, and therefore how a large left-hand excess could arise before life originated on Earth.
“One thing that jumped out at me was that alanine and aspartic acid can crystallize differently when you have mixtures of both left-handed and right-handed molecules,” said Dr. Aaron Burton, a NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellow at NASA Goddard and a co-author on the study. “This led us to find several studies where researchers have exploited the crystallization behavior of molecules like aspartic acid to get left-handed or right-handed excesses. Because alanine forms different kinds of crystals, these same processes would produce equal amounts of left- and right-handed alanine. We need to do some more experiments, but this explanation has the potential to explain what we see in the Tagish Lake meteorite and other meteorites.”
The team believes a small initial left-hand excess could get amplified by crystallization and dissolution from a saturated solution with liquid water. Some amino acids, like aspartic acid, have a shape that lets them fit together in a pure crystal – one comprised of just left-handed or right-handed molecules. For these amino acids, a small initial left- or right-hand excess could become greatly amplified at the expense of the opposite-handed crystals, similar to the way a large snowball gathers more snow and gets bigger more rapidly when rolled downhill than a small one. Other amino acids, like alanine, have a shape that prefers to join together with their mirror image to make a crystal, so these crystals are comprised of equal numbers of left- and right-handed molecules. As these “hybrid” crystals grow, any small initial excess would tend to be washed out for these amino acids. A requirement for both of these processes is a way to convert left-handed to right-handed molecules, and vice-versa, while they are dissolved in the solution.
This process only amplifies a small excess that already exists. Perhaps a tiny initial left-hand excess was created by conditions in the solar nebula. For example, polarized ultraviolet light or other types of radiation from nearby stars might favor the creation of left-handed amino acids or the destruction of right-handed ones, according to the team. This initial left-hand excess could then get amplified in asteroids by processes like crystallization. Impacts from asteroids and meteorites could deliver this material to Earth, and left-handed amino acids might have been incorporated into emerging life due to their greater abundance, according to the team. Also, similar enrichments of left-handed amino acids by crystallization could have occurred on Earth in ancient sediments that had water flowing through them, such as the bottoms of rivers, lakes, or seas, according to the team.
The result complicates the search for extraterrestrial life – like microbial life hypothesized to dwell beneath the surface of Mars, for example. “Since it appears a non-biological process can create a left-hand excess in some kinds of amino acids, we can’t use such an excess alone as proof of biological activity,” says Glavin.
The research was funded by the NASA Astrobiology Institute, the Goddard Center for Astrobiology, the NASA Cosmochemistry Program, and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
The paper, “Unusual nonterrestrial l-proteinogenic amino acid excesses in the Tagish Lake meteorite,” was published in the journal Meteoritics and Planetary Science, and is available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.
Friday, August 3rd, 2012
by TheMatrixDNA » Fri Aug 03, 2012 11:35 pm
scottie wrote: Continuing on with the problem ID has not addressed.
As I stated in my last post.
They are shying away from the obvious implications of what design means.
Design is always the product of a purpose the Designer has in mind
Comment by Matrix/DNA Theory:
Ok.In my opinion,this is the most instructive thread in the Internet for those that are interested in the question of “theories about origin of life”. It seems to me that this thread is death, abandoned,and I can’t understand it because this question wouldn’t have an end till the day that scientifically someone prove how life has emerged. The normal behavior here, I think, should be everyone trying to reinforce his/her theory bringing on more evidences, while bringing on new evidences that deconstruct the other theories.
Then, this thread must have no end because everyday the news are showing new facts that can be used as positive or negative evidence to the current theories.
I had driven for a new theory of origins of life and even the universe, when I was living in Amazon jungle and observing the systems that composes that biosphere and inquiring how must be the state of the world, in its astronomic, atomic, and even the dimension of quantum fluctuations aspects, that has produced our kind of life. Of course, my goal now must be testing the whole theory against real facts. But I and the scientific enterprise has no the necessary tools for doing it just now. Then,what I can do with this theory? The same others are doing here: searching more thoughtful brains for doing a rational scrutiny of this theory, while showing the news about facts that are evidences in favor and showing evidences that I think, does not fit in another theories.
Introducing the people to a new big theory, which requires a change of his/her world vision is a difficult task. Maybe only high intellectuals individuals with open minds that are retired and has time for spent here, like Scottie, could invest attention in your theory and debating it with you. The fundamental requirement is that you can communicate it in a language understandable and that your theory makes same sense in the light of modern known facts. For instance, we had a poster here, Leopol, with two problems: poor Google translations from Russian, a lack of evidences and a world vision that is not tasteful. But it is not justice and intellectually productive rejecting Leopol’s theory, we must deal with the details giving him the opportunity to advocate his world vision till he can not resisting anymore for lack of positive evidences. same thing I think must be the reactions about my theory, called “The Universal Matrix/DNA of natural Systems and Life’s Cycles”.
I am reading the whole thread, it is a lot of stuff, 45 pages. When finishing everything I will begin from the first post again, selecting those that are interesting to my theory and deserves a reply, proposing discussions. I know that this means that I will post here almost another 45 pages, because each post is interesting and touches the roots of Matrix/DNA world vision. I don’t know if the moderator will permit it, but I will try because this is the right thing to do. But, then there are posts that can not wait the application of this method, it is irresistible a reply just now, like this post from Scottie.
I think there is a big difference about what “design” means when making comparison between the designs made by Scottie as an engineer and the designs that emerges in Nature. But we can see this difference only from the view point of another observer with another world vision. The way Scottie was educated for dealing with designs he can not understand that other things can do design without using a mind,a purpose. Let’s focus on the generation of a new baby’s giraffes. When mating, father and mother giraffes are doing same minded project of a design that will be real in the future? Or the future designed baby will be product of merely flow of natural laws? Could be possible that the flow of natural laws creates unpredictable complex designs? The phenomena of giraffes doing a new baby is not a proof that this is normal functioning in this world? Where is the mind behind this whole process? Where is the design while a female and a male genomes are fusing together inside an egg and during the whole process of gestation? I think that the design only appears outside the egg, ex-machine in relation to the egg. And the author of that design also are outside the egg, They are ex-machine in relation to the egg. They are natural construction by natural laws and they are not applying their minds for doing the design. Also the male and female giraffes has no purpose of doing the design that will emerges from their natural mating act.
Someone here has any problem with my proposition? I will consider that no, and will continue.
This biological phenomena of babies’ generation is the unique real fact known by everybody when a design appears in Nature. We know the causes, the authors, the process, the evolution of whole process.
My question is: why every current theory (exception of Matrix/DNA Theory) forgets this phenomena when trying to understand what is going on in the whole Universe? Why every author of every theory made by human beings ( exception of Matrix/DNA Theory) believes that the explanation of universe’s and life’s existences is better when applying human imagination creating images of theoretical universes instead cleaning up the action of human imagination and applying what we see here and now, as real, over the whole universe for getting those explanations?
If we try doing that, this universe will be merely a material structure in which, inside it, is occurring a process of reproduction, from something ex-machine. Every process of reproduction is a sum of small and gradual processes of evolution. The observer inside an egg will think that is watching evolution and really he is; but the observer outside the egg will know that the evolution is an illusion, a process inside something bigger, called “reproduction”.
The world inside an egg is a natural world, like the womb where the egg is located. If the universe is a natural world, why it should not be located inside a natural world, working, like the womb? Why people from TOE are imagining that babies giraffes are products of random processes filtered by natural selection exerted by the mother wombs’ giraffe? They are not… but their imagined universe is explained like that. Why people from ID are imagining that babies giraffes are products of previous design made by the mind of father and mother giraffes? They are not… but their imagined universe is explained like that. Why Matrix/DNA Theory is believing that babies giraffes are products from the normal chain of causes and effects through natural laws that are passing through the bodies of father and mother giraffes? It is and its universe is explained like that.
What we see in this universe is the evolution of a unique system that appeared in shape of atoms, has evolved to shape of galaxies and to shapes of living beings. Like inside an egg a first cell has passed through several shapes. The final shape of the contents of a fertilized human egg has consciousnesses, but it appears as the last shape, maybe after the birth, ex-machine in relation to the egg. In the whole history of this egg never had the action of intelligence neither randomness. Why people are imagining a Universe that works in other way?! In the same way, I think, the process inside the egg and in relation to the egg is purposeless. There is no goal of the matter inside the egg, neither the action of an outside agency, as believed by Scottie, driven the processes towards a design. Do you believe that molecules called genes has the conscious goal of making a design in the shape of a giraffe? Do you believe that the parents giraffes or another entity outside the egg is acting inside the egg, driving its matter towards a final design, in shape of a giraffe? I can’t believe in that. But, if you apply everything in the same way over the whole universe, based in the current proved facts we have about the universe, you get everything working like the real world we are experimenting just now. Them why rationally someone could refuse this theory? Some ideas? But please, let’s work with facts, evidences only, Not ideologies or psychological analyses of the authors of these theories.
Tuesday, March 6th, 2012
Published at : Live Science
7 Theories on the Origin of Life
1- Electric Spark
Origem da Vida por Raios de Relampagos
Electric sparks can generate amino acids and sugars from an atmosphere loaded with water, methane, ammonia and hydrogen, as was shown in the famous Miller-Urey experiment reported in 1953, suggesting that lightning might have helped create the key building blocks of life on Earth in its early days. Over millions of years, larger and more complex molecules could form. Although research since then has revealed the early atmosphere of Earth was actually hydrogen-poor, scientists have suggested that volcanic clouds in the early atmosphere might have held methane, ammonia and hydrogen and been filled with lightning as well.
2- Community Clay
Teoria da Origem da Vida por Cristals na Argila
The first molecules of life might have met on clay, according to an idea elaborated by organic chemist Alexander Graham Cairns-Smith at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. These surfaces might not only have concentrated these organic compounds together, but also helped organize them into patterns much like our genes do now.
The main role of DNA is to store information on how other molecules should be arranged. Genetic sequences in DNA are essentially instructions on how amino acids should be arranged in proteins. Cairns-Smith suggests that mineral crystals in clay could have arranged organic molecules into organized patterns. After a while, organic molecules took over this job and organized themselves.
3- Deep-Sea Vents
Teoria da Origem da Vida nos Respiradouros na Profundidade dos Oceanos
The deep-sea vent theory suggests that life may have begun at submarine hydrothermal vents, spewing key hydrogen-rich molecules. Their rocky nooks could then have concentrated these molecules together and provided mineral catalysts for critical reactions. Even now, these vents, rich in chemical and thermal energy, sustain vibrant ecosystems
4- Chilly Start
Teoria da Origem da Vida do Frio Inicio
Ice might have covered the oceans 3 billion years ago, as the sun was about a third less luminous than it is now. This layer of ice, possibly hundreds of feet thick, might have protected fragile organic compounds in the water below from ultraviolet light and destruction from cosmic impacts. The cold might have also helped these molecules to survive longer, allowing key reactions to happen.
5 – RNA World
Teoria da Origem no Mundo do RNA
Nowadays DNA needs proteins in order to form, and proteins require DNA to form, so how could these have formed without each other? The answer may be RNA, which can store information like DNA, serve as an enzyme like proteins, and help create both DNA and proteins. Later DNA and proteins succeeded this “RNA world,” because they are more efficient. RNA still exists and performs several functions in organisms, including acting as an on-off switch for some genes. The question still remains how RNA got here in the first place. And while some scientists think the molecule could have spontaneously arisen on Earth, others say that was very unlikely to have happened.
Other nucleic acids other than RNA have been suggested as well, such as the more esoteric PNA or TNA.
6 – Simple Beginnings
Teoria da Origem da Vida do Inicio pela Simplicidade
Instead of developing from complex molecules such as RNA, life might have begun with smaller molecules interacting with each other in cycles of reactions. These might have been contained in simple capsules akin to cell membranes, and over time more complex molecules that performed these reactions better than the smaller ones could have evolved, scenarios dubbed “metabolism-first” models, as opposed to the “gene-first” model of the “RNA world” hypothesis.
Teoria da Origem da Vida pela Panspermia
Perhaps life did not begin on Earth at all, but was brought here from elsewhere in space, a notion known as panspermia. For instance, rocks regularly get blasted off Mars by cosmic impacts, and a number of Martian meteorites have been found on Earth that some researchers have controversially suggested brought microbes over here, potentially making us all Martians originally. Other scientists have even suggested that life might have hitchhiked on comets from other star systems. However, even if this concept were true, the question of how life began on Earth would then only change to how life began elsewhere in space.
8 – Biological Evolution as Continuity From Cosmological Evolution (Matrix/DNA)
Nucleotideos = Galaxias = Células
Diagrama do Software de um Sistema Fechado
Ciclo Vital de Humanos e Astros Celestes
Comment Posted at Live Science Article:
Louis Morelli · New York, New York
There are 8 theories. The last one is “Matrix/DNA Theory”. It suggests a configuration of the building block of galaxies which is the same configuration of a pair of nucleotides, the building block of RNA/DNA. The astronomical building block in this figure is a perfect closed system that works like the best machine. But, attacked by entropy the whole system is fragmented in its “bits-information”, in shape of photons, which are radiated by stars and planet’s nucleus. These photons penetrates atoms of planets surfaces and when there are good conditions, the photons drive the atoms to new combinations reproducing the astronomical system, which final results is the cell system, which has the same configuration of the astronomical building block. Them the theory suggests that the network of photons works like a software, showing the diagram of this software and suggesting that the Universe is like a computer, where Evolution is resulted from the entropic cycles with feed-back between the lightning software and the massive hardware. The theory is surprising because it shows how all life’s properties can be performed in a mechanic arrangement like in astronomy, and electro-magnetic spectrum of light. If you want see the figures, search “the universal matrix.com”.
Saturday, January 15th, 2011
Sorry. Since I am not having enough time for translating from Portuguese, for seeing the articles one need to chlick the Brazillian flag above. Also, I understand that the site is not explaining almost nothing about the theory. It is because the site is under construction, I have a lot of writed material but had no time and the special computers skills for doing that. I hope will do it soon. Thanks…
Thursday, September 30th, 2010
Accordingly to Matrix/DNA models if we can have the right elements calculated in a reducing atmosphere of primordial Earth and mixing these elements under a culture feed by products from Sun’s radiation plus Earth’s nucleous radiation ( energy in shape of photons) we can get every steps necessary to go from organic matter to amino-acids, to RNA mollecules and protein elaboration.
The secret is to substitute the electric discharges used by the Stanley @ Urey experiment by natural byproducts of astronomic nuclear reactions, being it in shape of terrestrial materials containing the final substance of both nuclear reactions.
(this article is under construction)
Saturday, July 10th, 2010
See full article at: http://cienciadiaria.com.br
And here’s the version of the Matrix
(translation needs correction)
A study conducted by scientists at the Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, shows that small molecules could have acted as a “molecular midwife” to help in building blocks of long chains of genetic material, as well as aiding in the selection of base pairs of double DNA helix. For researchers, there is evidence that, before there were enzymes of protein for the production of both small molecules present in the prebiotic Earth (before the emergence of life on the planet) would have helped in the formation of these polymers to promote their self-assembly.
During the experiments, the scientists observed that the molecule may help ethidium oligonucleotides (short fragments of a single strand of DNA or RNA) in the formation of polymers. One of the biggest challenges for obtaining a polymer is that as he grows, their tips begin to react with each other instead of forming long chains – a problem that is known as cyclization. But by using a molecule that binds between adjacent base pairs of DNA (known as Interleaved), it is possible to form short pieces of DNA and RNA to facilitate the creation of larger molecules. Now, researchers are seeking the true identity of this molecule “mother of all”, for the formation of the first genetic polymer from Earth. The molecule selfless that took the first step in triggering the complex and explosive emergence of life.
First version of the Matrix
This theme reveals how difficult was the struggle of nature to restore the descendants of LUCA here on Earth to evolution, to correct them of the addiction that took his heavenly ancestors to commit the original sin. A battle at the level of molecules where the agents of nature had to invade closed walls of fortresses where the descendants ended addicts and bring them out where the officers were waiting for us with outstretched hands to form a new and wider society.
Let’s analyze the phenomenon coldly, without impregnating it with our mystic. If you really understand what the text says, we are observing the past, before the origins of life, and we see a group of atoms connected to form a tape and we know that this molecule is the initial part of a great tape that would take later and called RNA or DNA. But even small changes the tape target, their tips are linked and form a ring. Goodbye RNA, was not this time yet. But we found another smaller group – that would inevitably bend their tips and close – and something strange happens: it appears around a small group of atoms known as ethyl molecule that grabs one end of the small molecule and preventing it from bending close, and brings other atoms connecting them at that point. It looks like the tip after some time changes its normal behavior, because now it does not attract more for the other end, and thus remains atoms added to it. Thus one day came to get a complete RNA molecule and hence the life appeared. In turn, the molecule of ethyl with his mission accomplished, quietly disappeared from the scene, does not expect reporters, television, the reward from the government, the fame of heroin, and will seek another molecule anonymous baby who help grow…
Gee … but we’re talking about atoms, a gang or random group of atoms! Atoms are sets of particles, they have no purpose, they do not move a finger unless they are lacking in energy and seek food in the form of an electron in the surface layers of other atoms. If you have a group of them acting differently, with abnormal behavior, and even more purposeful to help, the babysitting babies, midwives, it is clear they do not know what they do or why they do it. There must be some forces within or outside of them, with more power than the natural force of them, directing them. Either that or we undressed the coat of a scientist, sent Science go plant potatoes because the world is not logical.
I think only the existence of systems may explain these forces. It’s the only thing we know and proven that we know can act in the matter without being visible. An Arab who should be working and looking girlfriend suddenly fills with bomb and kills himself. An unreasonable behavior that came out of him: an invisible system known as Islam (or at least an ideological system of terrorists). Systems hierarchically higher or greater in complexity act on smaller systems outside or on their sub-systems or even the essence of a system that gives it its identity, which is the information overload of information beyond the sum of all its parts acts on its own shares. This excess of information that is not in any of the parts, resulting from the experiences of interactions between the parts is the mind’s invisible system. Just as in man there is an entity that is abstract, untouchable, called mind, which is substantially different from the body that produces it, is different from all parts of the body, but has the power to direct the body to where she decides. Atoms alone are not heroes or altruistic. Put billions of atoms connected and they form a stone, which does not move a finger, because the loose stones are pieces of a disconnected system.
But then, what’s and where’s the system that exists in that area at that soup of mud, leading a group of atoms to abnormal behavior? Nobody goes to see because there is not any system; everyone swears that there is no system there.
As a result, we are tempted to see small groups of atoms as if they were thinking entities with piracy! It is fashionable to say that genes have roles, which have knowledge of the future, because these other piles of atoms possess the ultimate purpose of self-perpetuation! Researches stopped themselves, totally to seek external forces to the atoms, gave personality to them. Lost his mind! We were laughing by the religious because they believe they know where the forces comes from forces: God.
There is a complete system, very big, huge even, in a shapeless mass of very tiny cells. I refer to the genetic code within a morula or blastulae in the middle of amniotic soup from which will develop a human being. The human being is the system that is driving the behavior of atoms within that soup, but there are no human beings inside the small egg. He was transfigured, decoded, and placed as a molecule composed of atoms within the amorphous mass. So if we have a proven solution here on Earth, why we should issue identity cards for molecules or demote God from the heights to come here and be playing with mud? Why not seek a larger system out of the soup?!
It was the conclusion I arrived at Amazon. When crouched turning mud of the swamp, thinking the system, I lit this little light, I thought about it, let the mud and looked up, searching the surrounding area, risking an investigator to look into the heavens … I never went back to the mud to find the answers to the origins of life. Surely they were not there, like my father and mother were not in person inside the tiny egg from my early days.
So … if I fight for this idea, now I at least must to suggest who’s the unknown system and where the system are.
When the scientific text says “A major challenge to obtain a polymer is that as he grows, their tips begin to react with each other instead of forming long chains – a problem that is known to cyclisation.” We can understand it in the language of the Matrix. Prior to remember that “polymer” atoms are connected together to form a tape, as if it were a worm and they came together because the sun’s energy and substance of the earth’s core inoculate the atoms of light particles called photons, which are units of information from the LUCA’s Matrix/DNA. These photons are trying to create a body to incarnate itself as software, as we try to do a more advanced computer hardware to operate the latest software more developed than before. The photons act as subversive agents of a foreign regime on the particles of atoms leading them to connect in new ways. But photons inherited from LUCA are the supreme selfishness and so when they have aligned atoms sufficient to unite the two ends of the worm to they attempt transform it into a ring.
Benzene, a simple compound cyclic.
The most primitive ring chemical benzene was discovered by Kekulée while traveling in a carriage and started to sleep but as the bumps of the carriage made her body dancing he dreamed of dancing atoms and forming wheels and cirandas. Suddenly he shouted to the coachman to stop, left the train, raised his arms to the heavens and shouted to the world: “I found the Benzene.” And gave an affectionate slap on the rump of the horse by saying “thanks buddy, to your trot! When we arrive you will have the best alfalfa ad and a week of vacation!”
Forming the ring LUCA’s genes closed the system, have retreated inside of him as the turtle is retreating into the shell inside and prepare to live eternally thermodynamic their paradise. But Nature does not want that, she has a mission far greater reach than just be balls or hard balls around in the sky, so she has to open those tips to add more atoms that are needed to build more complex systems and let them open to evolve. When she breaks up a ring it is called by chemists of “cyclization” and see an example:
Ring opening metathesis Polymerisation
See details on Wikipedia. You see as a closed ring, when involved in a substance catalyst in a laboratory, it becomes an open line as a worm? Now for an opposite example, when a chain of atoms in the form of line – or open system – makes its points and sticking to react to form a ring, closed system:
In the scientists’ experiment the agent of Nature to correct the heirs of LUCA was a molecule of ethidium, which would be in place above the base-ROH. I think this example is not quite appropriate, but this haste cannot find another (if you have time you have a mission to help me with the opportunity to learn by yourself (a)). For as the text says: “… small molecules could have acted as a” molecular midwife “to help in building blocks of long chains of genetic material” – the action of ethidium molecule is not to attack and break rings after they were closed but she acts before the two ends of the chain of atoms come together, inserting these new tips atoms selected to fulfill a plan consisting of a larger and more complex. Therefore, the molecule of ethidium functions more as missionaries and psychologists dealing with young people seeking to become addicted trying to convince them to follow another path. Or as the message of the Matrix tries to transmit a healthier naturalist message to the young that lost the religious faith of parents and is about to be captured in the network transmitted by the theories of materialistic nihilism.
It said: “Now, researchers are seeking the true identity of this molecule” mother of all “, for the formation of the first genetic polymer from Earth. The molecule selfless that took the first step in triggering the complex and explosive emergence of life.” Well, that name “molecule of life”, or “mother of all” are advertising resources to enhance the materialist theory of abiogenesis. Believe that there would be a molecule or midwife creator of life? But will they have forgotten what lies behind the true meaning of the word “Life”? It is the most complex thing existing in these regions of the universe, an extraordinary engineering that we can never imitate, then who created this fantastic thing would have been a handful of atoms more stupid than a rock?! Now common! Anyway, I prefer the reasoning of Matrix Theory which suggests that many different molecules as agents for polymerization, these molecules are out pieces of the circuit LUCA ion affinity looking for other molecules that contain snippets of the past with neighbors, so as a Chinese arrived in New York will not seek to live in the Turkish quarter but the neighborhood that contains his countrymen from China.
Another issue related to this and what is fashionable eco is the fact that the industrial laboratory techniques discover how close lines or rings rather as open rings in rows, and the results of these experiments are materials such as nylon, polyethylene, etc.. A technique known as “Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of cycloalkenes” has important petrochemicals. Hence we can understand why some of these products are toxic pollutants or non-degradable, since we are creating new chemical compounds that can be deadly to those formed naturally, for both closed rings and opened molecules that would be used by evolution.
See here some useful definitions:
In chemistry, a cyclic compound is a compound in which a number of carbon atoms are connected into a loop or ring.  Benzene is a well known example. The term “polycyclic” is used when more than one ring form a molecule such as in naphthalene, and the term macrocycle is used for a ring containing more than a dozen atoms.
An organic chemical reaction that forms a cycle, i.e., produces a cyclic molecule from a non-cyclic compound is called cyclization reaction. A generic example to understand this type of reaction is the cyclization of hexane cyclohexane. An example of the cyclization reaction produces the Dieckmann condensation.
Saturday, July 10th, 2010
See article on Guardian.co.uk
Craig Venter creates synthetic life form
Major milestone in the history of science and giant step for mankind!
In my opinion, what Venter did was skip the chapter initiated by Oparin and theoretically experienced by Mulley / Urey which consists in seeking the reduction of atmospheric and terrestrial conditions at the level that was four billion years ago to see if from the abiotic matter we obtain the basic components of life. This research is a bit abandoned because all that does not take the following evolutionary steps alone, i.e., amino acids encountered in Urey experiment are inert and do not bind polymers to form the next step, which would be the proteins. Besides the Urey’s amino acids are not the amino acids used by life. Then Craig chose to observe a genome done and copy it, taking atoms, combining them into amino acids and other components, etc.. Inserting the synthetic genome into a bacterium, it was reproduced by passing the synthetic genome of Craig to its offspring, which now must be offspring of the mother bacteria and father Craig. This offspring will have other offspring indefinitely, so a new species appeared on Earth, carrying a sign of Cain on his forehead, which are the four watermarks in the genome. Fantastic! But …
Most atheists and critics of religion came running to the media asking: “And now what about creationism? Huh?
In my case I immediately asked: “How are the Theory of Matrix / Universal DNA now? Huh? Does it come time to put everything in the trash and remove me from the scene? “
Of course, this event will require me to restudy the theory and compares it with the new situation. But it seems to me beforehand that the theory suffers no shock, on the contrary, it seems to leave the episode further strengthened. The Theory suggests that the atoms on the surface of the Earth are available to be penetrated by photons coming from solar energy, such that photons are bits of information from LUCA. The ultimate goal of the photon-genes is to replicate the system from which they came, as if the Chinese immigrants in New York, had enough money and material, would create a neighborhood to live replicating the environment of China, to the extent that would allow the materials and conditions of New York. Now Craig Venter used the surface atoms, which contains LUCA immigrants come from – which is the Earth plus the sun to form a proto-system. What he did was just replace the large environment – which also is produced by LUCA, like we produce all the medicine in the monitoring of the pregnant woman and then the delivery room. Craig did in 10 years the work that nature took billions of years to do in the last period of biogenesis, when she already had the ingredients.
But I think we could play a trick on Craig, just as Louis Pasteur got the advocates of the theory of spontaneous generation. Pasteur sterilized and hermetically sealed vials containing the material which said generating life forms like microbes. Was not generated anything, proving that the vital principles came through the air or something else. Likewise we could try to collect atoms in a certain region of the deep Earth that did not touch neither they nor their neighbors, with solar energy but which have not been otherwise achieved by substances that rise from the core of the planet. In our Matrix’s language, these atoms would be sterile, the vital principles comes from something else. We would give these atoms to Craig and ask him to repeat the experience. If the Theory of Matrix / Universal DNA are correct, he could never copy the genome. Had the same problem of the researchers in the lab trying to add pieces of polymers or proteins for small molecules that form in nature and should evolve into RNA or DNA but instead, when they reach a certain point, its two ends are attracted to bend and connect to form a closed ring forever. Why? For simple atoms has its own attraction forces that deterministically leads to connect to specific atoms also constitute simple arrangements that result in rocks, water, inorganic things. But the atoms used by Venter are special, they contain the vital principle. We would have closed the bottle, proving that Craig’s material is sterile. It should be Pasteur in the head!
However, we will continue analyzing it all, is too recent for definitive conclusions.
Monday, September 28th, 2009
Setembro | 27 | 2009
This is more one strong clue that the models of this theory could be right, or at least, the ones that is nearest to reality than any other nade till today. These formulas above help us to understand and how to interpret the Matrix/DNA formula, whem the universal matrix was in its evolutionary shape as astronomic structure, minutes before the origins of life at Earth.
See the importancve of pyrroles in the following text:
Cooking Life’s Ingredients with a pinch of salt
Based on a European Planetary Science Congress news release
“Approximately 4.5 to 3.8 billion years ago, the Earth was probably covered by a salty ocean, rich in organic compounds, dotted with active volcanic islands and short-lived continents. The team from the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart has simulated some of the chemical processes that might have taken place along hot volcanic coasts during this Hadean era by evaporating solutions of artificial primordial seawater and then baking the salty residue in an atmosphere of nitrogen and carbon dioxide to volcanic temperatures of 350 degrees Celsius. They found that compounds such as pyrroles, which are contained in chlorophyll and haeme (the oxygen-carrying component of haemoglobin), are created.”
But… what are “pyrroles”? See Wikipedia:
” Pyrrole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, a five-membered ring with the formula C4H4NH. Substituted derivatives are also called pyrroles. For example, C4H4NCH3 is N-methylpyrrole. Porphobilinogen is a trisubstituted pyrrole, which is the biosynthetic precursor to many natural products.
Pyrroles are components of more complex macrocycles, including the porphyrins of heme, the chlorins, bacteriochlorins chlorophyll, porphyrinogens…”
Now, see the chemical compound at the picture above and keep side by side the model of LUCA, the hardware and the software diagram. Look how LUCA reproduces itself ’( translation will be continued soon)
em forma, como os fragmentos irradiaos de seu corpo-sistema penetram os atomos terrestres e dirigem-nos a se combinarem como reprodução da anatomia de LUCA. O Nitrogenio está fazendo a Função n.1, os quatro hidrogenios estão fazendo as funções 3,4,6,7. A função 5, (reprodutora, que é executada por cometas no nivel astronomico, RNA no nivel cellular , uracila no nivel de nucleotideos, etc.) está aí representada pelo átomo de hidrogenio que está fora do circuito sistemico e ligado ao nitrogenio, assim como a uracila aparece de fora e esporadicamente no código genetico quando as outras quatro bases são sempre permanentes. Pyrroles são cópias transformadas de LUCA, pois enquanto este é um sistema fechado, suas cópias biológicas se tornaram sistemas abertos. Assim como o planeta precisa de uma estrela existente fora de seu ciclo vital para estimular seu nucleo a iniciar reações nucleares e se transformar em pulsar, ou assim como um atomo instavel aceita um eletron externo para se equilibrar, o pyrrole encontra o hidrogenio externo para euqilibrar-se e perpetuar seu circuito. O cometa permite o continuo reciclar de LUCA, e é exatamente isto que faz este hidrogenio externo. Não é por mero acaso que o pyrrole estava em abiogênese, na cena das origens da vida.
Pyrroles are structures rooted on the same precursors of aminoacids. The difference is about the structure speciation, like the nervous cells are different from the liver cells due to speciation. The central ring of aminoacids and pyrroles have the same shape derivated from LUCA.
About the question – “Why the pyrroles were formed earlier if they were used only latter, in photosynthesis and haemoglobin?!”- is answered by the processes about macro-evolution reproduction, like atoms systems to stellar systems, or from galaxies systems to biological systems. In macro-evolution the genes from the precursor are not transmitted in a closed envelope like the chromosomes does in micro-evolution. The genes, be them particles, photons, quantum bits-information, whatsoever, are spreaded free in time and space. So, the way they get linked together is very promiscuous, given to chance a lot of possibilities. That’s is the explanation for the great diversity of biological systems at Earth and elsewhere in the space.
( pretendo voltar e estudar melhor pyrroles e o artigo acima para desenvolver este conhecimento)
Saturday, May 16th, 2009
This article is a copy of my post in the “Richard Dawkins Forum, see:
In the board “Evolution and Natural Selection”
Eversbane wrote: “The universe does not need explaining. The scientists you see around you are here only to describe it. No need to explain anything. Thanks anyway.”
My answer: “ Huh? The Blind Sciencemaker ?!… Ok, it is not me that want change your mind, since that I know I am not the owner of the thru, and so, I am a blind seeker. I am very grateful to scientists that are experimentalist because I need the data they collects and distributes, my investigation in the jungle is supported over their shoulders. But… are you really right?! Let’s see an example about an interview with Stanley Miller, at http://www.accessexcellence.org/WN/NM/miller.php .
Question: Who came up with the idea of the reducing atmosphere?
Miller: “Oparin, a Russian scientist, began the modern idea of the origin of life when he published a pamphlet in 1924. His idea was called the heterotrophic hypothesis: that the first organisms were heterotrophic, meaning they got their organic material from the environment, rather than having to make it, like blue-green algae. This was an important idea. Oparin also suggested that the less biosynthesis there is, the easier it is to form a living organism. Then he proposed the idea of the reducing atmosphere where you might make organic compounds.
He also proposed that the first organisms were coacervates, a special type of colloid. Nobody takes that last part very seriously anymore, but in 1936, this was reasonable since DNA was not known to be the genetic material..
In 1951, unaware of Oparin’s work, Harold Urey came to the same conclusion about the reducing atmosphere. He knew enough chemistry and biology to figure that you might get the building blocks of life under these conditions.
Question: Tell us about the famous electrical discharge experiment.
Miller: The experiments were done in Urey’s lab when I was a graduate student. Urey gave a lecture in October of 1951 when I first arrived at Chicago and suggested that someone do these experiments. So I went to him and said, “I’d like to do those experiments”. The first thing he tried to do was talk me out of it. Then he realized I was determined. He said the problem was that it was really a very risky experiment and probably wouldn’t work, and he was responsible that I get a degree in three years or so. So we agreed to give it six months or a year. If it worked out fine, if not, on to something else. As it turned out I got some results in a matter of weeks.”
So, dear EVERSBANE, either Oparin and Urey’s contributions were ideas emerged when seeking explanations for ultimate causes, which results in hypothesis and theories. Miller did not worked as a blind sciencemaker but he was guided by those ideas. See the words from Stanley Miller, below:
“In the 1820′s a German chemist named Woeller announced the synthesis of urea from ammonium cyanate, creating a compound that occurs in biology. That experiment is so famous because it is considered the first example where inorganic compounds reacted to make a biological compound. They used to make a distinction between organic, meaning of biological origin, and inorganic- CO2, CO and graphite. We now know that there is no such distinction…. However, it remained a mystery how you could make organic compounds under geological conditions and have them organized into a living organism. A number of people tried prebiotic experiments. But they used CO2F, nitrogen and water. When you use those chemicals, nothing happens. It’s only when you use a reducing atmosphere that things start to happen.”
So, I think it is clear that the method of unification of theories and experimentation was the guide for the brilliant Miller’s results and not the method of “blind experimentations”.
But, since the Miller-Urey’s experiments we never got the next step, making the aminoacids working alone for producing proteins or RNA. The Miller-Urey experiments remain a dead end, as said somebody here in the “abiogenesis forum”. I think that, again, Miller has the right explanation for “why?” we did not get it. See his words below:
“ The more important research are the experiments these days, rather than the trading of ideas. Good ideas are those that when reduced to an experiment end up working. Our approach is to do experiments and demonstrate things, not just talk about possibilities.”
If someone that make the job of naturalist philosopher and, in preference, in stranger lands, like the salvage Amazon jungle, does not try to organize the immense collection of data we have today, plus the inspiration get from the observation of crude nature, and try to organize it in models of a theory, we will not get the next step, I think.
By the way, the jungle is telling me that without the photons from sunlight and/or the materials from Earth nucleus, the amino acids of miller will not work alone. My models are suggesting some kind of laboratory experiments, I can’t do it from here.
There are something else I need suggest here: “ never think about, or never tell the words “origins” , “life” , “creation”, “spontaneous emergence”. There is no origin; there are no origins of life. The word “origins” means a broken event of natural flow of forces, means that cause-effect was broken by something non-natural, and we, here, in the jungle, never saw it happens. Instead using the word “ life” I use the word ‘biological systems’, facing ‘electro-magnetic systems’, ‘atomic systems”, ‘Newtonian mechanic system”, etc. The opposite of life is death and not non-living, there is no such distinction, I think. The word “origins” has been the cause of a lot of human mind deviation from the real nature, it is a cause for creating religions and erroneous ideas of “spontaneous generations”. The currently models in Astronomy are based upon the idea of “spontaneous generation of bodies in the sky”, and since I never have seen spontaneous generations here in the jungle, I don’t believe in it. Cheers…