Posts Tagged ‘Life’

Understanding why not the Milk Way, but its essence, produced us

Friday, August 25th, 2017

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Teorias sobre Origens da Vida

My comment below explains the perspective of Matrix/DNA Theory about the “origins of life”, posted in the debate at this link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyhZcEY5PCQ&lc=z12rtxmiipbfz1ake22vcfh4lymvcpskj.1503690998028050

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luvdomus luvdomus - 8/25/2017

If living matter which is made from atoms and molecules, didn’t come from non-living matter, also made from atoms and molecules, where did it come from? Out of empty space?

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Louis Charles Morelli Louis Charles Morelli - 8/25/2017

luvdomus: Forget the word “living”, which is antropomorfism, and things becomes clear. From Nature perspective, must say “systems”.

You are thinking in “atoms and molecules” as portion of organic mass coming from non-organic mass. Of course, a biological system can not comes from non-organic portion of mass. But, see that portions of non-organic mass can belong to a natural system, like atoms, galaxies. Now we has a better question: biological systems came from a non-biological system?

We need think about the jump in complexity, which would be very big. And what could happens in the process of transition for such mutation. The most complex non-biological system must be a galaxy. Making comparative anatomy between the first complete working biological system ( a Eukaryota cell system) and a galaxy, it seems impossible the jump. But,… maybe we are not knowing what a galaxy is. Maybe our theoretical model, the nebular theory, the spontaneous and random formation of bodies, are so wrong as when we were believing that Earth was the center of Sun’s system.

That’s what lead me to recalculate this models from the perspective of a cell system and calculating reverse evolution. The results – called Matrix/DNA Theory – shows a theoretical model of – not galaxies – but, building blocks of galaxies, that are equal to the building blocks of DNA. So, like the essence of an organism is not the organism but its DNA – it is the DNA that is transmitted to offspring, not the organism – is possible that the essence of this galaxy – the Matrix, its kind of non-biological DNA – was inserted into terrestrial atoms, driving them to biological organization and finally, composing a working system, due water and its production: organic chemistry.

So, we still have only theories, to be tested. But, now, after fixing this mistake caused by anthropomorphism, we can suppose that it is possible: biological systems were produced by evolution inside and by galaxies, which building blocks are half-biological/half mechanical described by Newtonian’s mechanics. Welcome to the new Milk Way, our physical grand-grandmother. Now, about our consciousness, its origins, I make no idea… Again the jump in complexity from the human brain to consciousness is not astronomic… maybe is universally ex-machine.

How random molecules got information for becoming life? Scientists has news about

Thursday, August 24th, 2017

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New computational model of chemical building blocks may help explain the origins of life

https://phys.org/news/2017-08-chemical-blocks-life.html

“… it has remained a mystery what actions could then prompt short chemical polymer chains to develop into much longer chains that can encode useful protein information. The new computational model may help explain that gap in the evolution of chemistry into biology.”

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-08-chemical-blocks-life.html#jCp

My comment posted at Phys.Org article:

TheMatrixDNA - 8/24/2017
From Matrix/DNA perspective, we would trying to insert light ( preference for natural light ) somewhere into the computational simulation. What informations does have these initial polymers? If not about themselves and maybe, the random event producing them? When growing to foldamers, it means acquiring more atoms: which information has the foldamers if not ” information about themselves plus information of atoms, which probable they already have? At this point they are still non-biological organization of matter. They are at the same level of minerals, rocks, sand… How could them to jump from here to an astonishing new complexity?
We have a model of the building block of astronomic systems and a theoretical mechanism that makes possible the information from these systems being transferred to terrestrial atoms through stellar energy, cosmic radiation, etc. It happens that the configuration of this astronomic system is exactly the configuration of a lateral base-pair of nucleotides. So,…

(not published due final of characters) … information from this astronomic system are enough for that jump, since it drives the foldamer polymer to assembling as a working system.

New computational model of chemical building blocks may help explain the origins of life

Ken Dill explains the computational model that shows how certain molecules fold and bind together in the evolution of chemistry into biology, a key step to explain the origins of life. Credit: Stony Brook University Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-08-chemical-blocks-life.html#jCp

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-08-chemical-blocks-life.html#jCp

Theories of Origins of Life

Wednesday, January 25th, 2017

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A good compilation of actual theories, copied here for further research:

from:

https://www.slideshare.net/damarisb/origin-of-life-27039382

Teorias sobre Origens da Vida

Origin of life

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION Several attempts have been made from time to time to explain the origin of life on earth. As a result, there are several theories which offer their own explanation on the possible mechanism of origin of life. Following are some of them: • Theory of Special Creation • Theory of Spontaneous Generation • Theory of Biogenesis • Theory of Biochemical Evolution • Theory of Panspermia • Deep sea hydrothermal vent theory
  2. 2. • All the different forms of life – created by God. • HINDU CONCEPT :- Lord Brahma- created the living world in one stroke. • CHRISTIAN & ISLAM BELIEF :- God created this universe, plants, animals and human beings in about six days. • 3 main postulates : – All different kinds of animals & plants were created at once. – All organisms were created in the same form in which they exist today. – Their bodies & organs have been designed to fully meet the needs of the environment. • It has no scientific basis.
  3. 3. THEORY OF SPONTANEOUS GENERATION
  4. 4. • Living things originated spontaneously from inanimate objects. • It is also called abiogenesis or biopoesis. • Supporters :- Aristotle » Epicurus » Von Helmont • They believed » Insects arise from dew » Fish & frog from mud » Fly maggots from meat . • Opposers » Fransisco Redi » Spallanzani » Louis pasteur • The opposers disproved this theory. Redi’s experiment Pasteur’s experiment
  5. 5. •Proposed by Richter in 1865 and supported by Arrhenius. •Life had come to earth from other planets of the universe, in the form of resistant spores. •British astronomers Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe proposed: •interstellar dust and comets contain organic compounds. •comets, which are largely made of water-ice, carry bacterial life across galaxies and protect it from radiation damage along the way. • The 2005 Deep Impact mission to Comet Tempel 1 discovered a mixture of organic and clay particles inside the comet. Credit: Hoover/Journal of Cosmology Dr. Richard B. Hoover, an astrobiologist with NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center published a paper on March 4, 2011, claiming to have found fossil evidence for cyanobacteria in an extremely rare class of meteorites, called CI1 carbonaceous chondrites .
  6. 6. SOME OTHER THEORIES……. • Theory of Eternity of life: Life only changes its form but is never created. It has no origin and has always existed. • Theory of catastrophism – modification of the theory of Special Creation. – States that there have been several creations of life by God, each preceded by a catastrophe resulting from some kind of geological disturbance. – Since each catastrophe completely destroyed the existing life, each new creation consisted of life form different from that of previous ones. – Main supporters : French scientists Georges Cuvier and Orbigney • Vitalism : – Only living tissue, by virtue of possessing some “life-force,” can produce organic compounds. – Supporters: Berzelius and Bergson. – The production of acetic acid, from its elements, by the German chemist Hermann Kolbe in 1845, disproved vitalism.
  7. 7. • Also known as Materialistic Theory or Physico-chemical Theory. • Proposed independently by a Russian scientist, A.I.Oparin, in 1923 and an English scientist, J.B.S Haldane, in 1928. According to this theory, • Life first arose from a collection of chemical substances by a progressive series of reactions. • Early Earth’s surface and atmosphere – radically different from today’s condition. • The primitive earth’s atmosphere -reducing type. • Solar radiation and lightning must have been the chief energy source for these chemical reactions. • The organic compounds gradually accumulated in oceans and formed a ―hot primordial soup‖ or ―hot dilute soup‖. • Also known as ―Darwin’s warm little pond‖
  8. 8. • Oparin proposed that the proteinoids, nucleo proteins and other organic and inorganic molecules aggregated and precipited in sea forming organized colloid aggregates called coacervates. • The coacervates were able to absorb and assimilate organic compounds from the environment in a way reminiscent of metabolism. • They divided by budding. • Oparin considered that the coacervates gave rise to primitive cells or Eubionts. • Sydney fox obtained proteinoid microspheres by heating a mixture of dry amino acids b/w 130 to 1800C and later cooling them in water. • It was similar to coccoid bacteria. Coacervates Microspheres
  9. 9. UREY – MILLER EXPERIMENT
  10. 10. DRAWBACKS OF UREY MILLER EXPERIMENT • By examining rocks ―dated‖ to be 3.7 billion years old, geologists determined that earth had an oxygenic atmosphere. • Oxygen is an ―oxidizing‖ agent and would inhibit chemical evolution. • Experiment produced a mixture of right-handed & left handed amino acids, but in nature left handed ones predominate. • Now it is thought that the atmosphere of the early earth was not rich in methane and ammonia — essential ingredients in Miller’s experiments.
  11. 11. • Recently some scientists put forth a hypothesis that life originated near a deep sea hydrothermal vent. • Black smoker hydrothermal vent – first discovered vents – produced extremely hot water, 3500 C – not conducive to micro-chemical evolution. • Lost City hydrothermal field – Alkaline vents in mid- Atlantic ocean. – discovered by Kelley and others in 2000. – Much cooler- temp of water – 70-900C – They are porous,honey-combed with cavities. – The cavities are at a scale of 1 micron – the same size as a living cell. – The cavity walls are saturated with iron- sulfur(Fe-S) mineral catalysts.
  12. 12. H2 +CO2 simple organic molecule (CH4, formate & acetate.) Serpentinization :- chemical reactions between seawater and mantle rocks which contain large amounts of the mineral olivine (a Mg-Fe silicate)  H2O was reduced by Fe2 ; H2 & S released.  At the vent ocean interface sulphur precipitate, Iron, Nickel etc transition metal sulphides. They catalyse H2 dependent reduction of CO2 to CO CO + H2S CH3-CO-SCH3 (methyl thioester of acetic acid)  These activated acetic acid derivatives serve as starting materials for subsequent exergonic synthetic steps. Vent pores concentrated large molecules like nucleotides formation of RNA, DNA , proteins NiS FeS
  13. 13. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS – In April 2011, researchers in Italy found that if they mixed formamide, a simple chemical present in space, with material from a meteorite, and then heated the mixture, that they produced nucleic acids (building blocks of DNA and RNA), the amino acid glycine, and a precursor to sugar. – In February 2010 scientists at the Scripps Research Institute in San Diego announced that they have synthesized RNA enzymes, known as ribozymes, that can replicate themselves without the help of any proteins or other cellular components. – In May 2009, a team led by John Sutherland, a chemist at the University of Manchester in England discovered how the basic nucleotides (building blocks) of RNA could spontaneously assemble . He formed the RNA nucleotide ribocytidine phosphate from cyano-acetylene.
  14. 14. CONCLUSION • All the evidence gathered thus far has revealed a great deal about the origin of life, but there is still much to learn. • Numerous scenarios have been explored for many years, but there is still a large gap between what is known and what is unknown. • Because of the enormous length of time and the tremendous change that has occurred since then, much of the evidence relevant to origins has been lost and we may never know certain details. • Nevertheless, many of the gaps in our knowledge (gaps that seemed unbridgeable just 20 years ago) have been filled in recent years, and continuing research and new technologies hold the promise of more insights.
  15. Origins of Lie
  16. 15. REFERENCES • Strickberger W Monroe (2000), Evolution, 3rd edition, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. • Arora P Mohan . (2000), Evolutionary Biology ,3rd edition, Himalaya Publishing House • http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2011/03/05/exclusive-nasa-scientists- claims-evidence-alien-life meteorite/#ixzz1cvC7Bge8 • http://www.smashinglists.com/top-10-theories-on-beginning-of-life-on- earth/ • http://mannaismayaadventure.wordpress.com/2011/06/24/ • http://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-iii/origin-life/origin- life-theories.php • http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/04/03/962923/-Revolutionary- Science:-Hydrothermal-Vents-and-the-Origins-of-Life • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_flx26bU0Q&feature=related

Curiosity! Poor Curiosity … I am very sad, crying for you.

Tuesday, August 7th, 2012
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( Sorry, this text is a translation of Google and maybe does not communicate the right message. I am trying to fix it, but if you are interested, must see the text in Portuguese “Artigos”)

I write this to be read in ten years, after Curiosity goes full circle rolling on the surface of Mars and return to the same starting point. However Curiosity is transformed and even she can think. Now she is walking and praying:
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- “My Lord! My Creator! My Divine Man! Where are you? You left me here abandoned at this lonely world with a mission to search for something, “a form of life.” But … You didn’t give me an explanation about what  is life. How do I find it? I drove all the valleys, craters and plains of the planet always asking, “Hey … anyone alive here? Someone saw life around? At least someone can tell me how is the form of life’s face? “…
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“If I, my beloved Creator, bumped into life here as I could know? “Any compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen … that moves and consumes energy …”, that’s the definition you gave me. Now the only thing I found is like this definition was found in the first day I arrived here: the entire planet! For he has those ingredients, he moves, consumes energy from the sun …  But the planet is not what you are looking for, I know.  My love! Please come back to pick me up because I can not stand the loneliness here … No, no …, do not come getting one of my spring and doing a female rover for to be my companion here, would be two aimlessly … “
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Curiosity has been transformed because their body iron, steel, rubber, mimics an engine that mimics the anatomical system of a living being, like a car at all mimics the functions and anatomy of a horse. And it was penetrated by solar photons that are bit-information, half-alive genes that carry the astronomical features of the system known as the building block of galaxies, which has the form and even the formula of the precursor DNA, half-mechanical/half-biological . Finding a machine with everything installed for biological life, the photons had the way for giving life to Curiosity, which developed to a very intelligent, though artificial means. Then, spend a few more years and Curiosity learns to send signals to Earth and happened the following conversation:
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- Here is Curiosity, talking from Mars! I am looking for my Lord, the man, my king has his throne on Earth. Someone picks me there? “
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- “Yes, here is the man talking. How, then you are alive and intelligent?! “
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- ” … Oh my Lord! Holy is his voice! I want to go home, however also want to fulfill my mission. You forgot to insert the software upon which is life, with a picture the way of life, etc …. “
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- “What is life? Well … here on Earth is about 15,000 years we are looking for a definition … We are caught between two settings: the people of the Intelligent Designer says that life exists to pay for sin,  and the people evolutionist says that life exists for to pay taxes to Obama … “
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- “Sin? Tax? What is this? Exists on Mars? “
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- “No … No … for the love of God … speaks softly, not spread out there that these things exist … also would contaminate the planet. But we  sent you on a mission divided into two steps: first, to capture all the elements that make up the planet and the state in which they are just now, giving preference to the pursuit of carbon compounds, especially when combined with nitrogen, ammonia, oxygen. Just as the second-high-priority task does the seek for some form of microbial life. “
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- “Ok … and you want this for… what?”
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- “Knowing the conditions of the planet, the physical state of the forces and elements of this planet, we can calculate how this would converge to a point that produces complex molecules, which are the basis of life … And then the final design of these calculations would be an architecture – which we do not make the slightest idea -that must indicate which forms of life looking for …)”
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- “Hmmm … but then the possibilities are open to infinity! For example, the life here may be made of vladzolin, texturim ( matter that is not know by you) and be in the form of a shoe  crawling as a snake … “
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- “We do not believe that the possibilities are endless, because the existing inanimate systems are always the same, atomic and astronomical, which have a shape and a few common standards, any product of the evolution of these systems would have to repeat these patterns, so the diversification should have a life limit of possibilities. Do not you found anything like that? “
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- “Microbial … not, but I found something big like those dinosaurs in that movie you were watching while making me in the lab …”
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- “What?!” You saw the movie and memorized it? Dinosaurs? On Mars …? “
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- “Well but these are not suitable for your study because they came from Earth. They did not disappear there? They said that when the meteorite hit the Earth, bounced off and ended up bringing them clinging on Mars in its tail … When I met the first I only saw an enormous open maw come eat me. But you know that my form so mimics a turtle that can even I can hide my head in the housing and stretch the neck. Then I hidden my head and cranked up the pepper spray you guys gave me in case of some pickpockets from Rio tryung to kidnap me here. I mastered the beast and did the questions … “
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- “But how they survives? What do they eat? What are breathing these dinosaurs?!”
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- “Ah … eat beets, lettuce, and when they take a dive in the sea eat lobsters, sardines … “
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- “Wait a minute … you are now playing with us …  Lettuce, sardines, on Mars …. Hmmm … How? If we have peeked the entire surface, and never seen anything like that? … “
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- “But here is full of it in underground sedimentary layer that lies just beneath the pillars supporting the roof of rocks …”
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- “Uh? … I know … and pilasters was you who designed and built, is not it?”
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- “Not me! Who made it was the god of Mars, which is a good intelligent designer. Are you thinking that all gods are like the god of Earth, who made the design everything wrong, and then had abandoned the planet? … “
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- “Curiosity … this is a new order! Do not move from where you are! We are running now towards Mars … Oh … and another thing … do not talk to anyone else here on earth, okay? I do not want the Russians will know that dinosaurs first landed on Mars and they won the space race … “
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Well … jokes aside, it would be nice if that were true, because the real fact that what will happen, considering the budget cuts they are doing at NASA, a century from now and the poor Curiosity will be lost and wandering by herself in that soil inhospitable, barren, and still looking for does not quite know what.
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Because NASA actually planned the mission for studying the environmental conditions, the presence of the constituent elements of life and try to calculate how it would be a different way with some vital properties. This information would be like the eyewitnesses of a crime reporting the appearance of the criminal, for to make a “sketch”, and then run in future missions looking for things that look like this picture.
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But the Theory of Matrix / DNA is here by my side saying that NASA is forgetting something indispensable in any form of life: solar energy. This breaks down into photons when it penetrates the planetary field and it is fixed, and thus serve as the “breath of God’s light in the clay creating the living.” Atoms are like machines or motor vehicles. But what gives life to a machine? In the Amazon jungle a man-made lab-monkeys-almost in nothing can compare with the laboratories of NASA, but more efficient because it is nature alive and still a virgin as an extension of the field research laboratory, has found the answer .
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Reflected in the water of a river on a moonlit night, the stars seem to hang in the sky forming an image that moves, all moves, twists, and suddenly realized that these images depict a kind of life form, showing how even born , grow, live and die. But dying stars radiating in the form of light and that light spread across the outer space particles-photons carrying information of your own galactic system to which they belong. These photons fall on surfaces of planets like seeds of life and of they meet good harvest, lead atoms to form such formidable combinations that result in complex molecules and finally into hard-headed men like us. It is no coincidence that on the beginning Curiosity soon realized that the precursor state of life that the man sent for already exists in the form of the entire planet, though a planet is a mere organ of a system much more complex. Suffice it would be that NASA provided Curiosity with a software with the formula that is there in the laboratory of the Amazon … and instead we cry a possible failure in the pursuit of life we ​​would celebrate the success of the mission of Curiosity.

The Meaning of Life

Tuesday, September 15th, 2009

The meaning of Life is measured by its last evolved product, the final result from its entire existence. And till now, here, at this cosmic region, the final result we can see is to give birth and nurture “conciousness”. We can not know the meaning of life, but, rationally, we can calculate it. So, follow the way of your consciousness and from here, think in the meaning of life.

And, if there is no another thing more evolved than consciousness in the whole Universe, it means that conciousness is, till now, the final product of the Universe. Since that the Universe can not create nothing that it have no information for, it is suposable that consciousness is built with information that come from outside and before the Big Bang.

My logic is wrong? Why? Where?

When something develops with prior informations is like your body that was give birth, nurtured with previous information from your parents. So, conciousness must have its parents beyond this Universe, whose that innoculates here the informations for consciousness.

If this logic is right it is more an affirmation of the models of Matrix/DNA Theory: the models suggests that this Universe is a genetic production. A kind of Cosmic Egg.

By the way, maybe you have a brilliant and long future ahead. I hope so. Cheers. :toast: