Archive for the ‘Livros para Ler’ Category

Os Territórios da Razão Humana – Critica sobre o que é conhecimento de fato e o que é crença disfarçada nas Ciências

terça-feira, março 19th, 2019

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 Artigo de autor de livro que comprei no Kindle:  

The Territories of Human Reason por Alister McGrath

Cover for 

The Territories of Human Reason

( Obs.: Os parágrafos aqui copiados são para serem traduzidos porque este e um ótimo método para  memorizar informações e refletir nelas enquanto se traduz)

https://iai.tv/articles/between-knowing-and-believing-auid-1207

Between Knowing and Believing

Can we be certain that what we now think are facts are not merely beliefs?

Knowledge too often turns out to be a disguised (disfarçada) belief. 

” I have reluctantly come to the view that I know less and believe more – not because I have lapsed into some form of credulity, but rather because much of what I once thought was knowledge now seems to be opinion or belief. It leaves us with the awkward question, which we need to confront honestly: how can we be sure that what we think we now know is not in fact simply a belief? And is the difference between them partly a matter of our location in the historical process?”

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“If scientific theories that once commanded widespread support had now been displaced by superior alternatives, who could predict what would happen to these new theories in the future? These theories might be better than those they had supplanted; but were they right? Might they not be transient staging-posts, rather than final resting places? ”

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“How, I wondered, could Popper seriously believe that all scientific “theories are, and remain hypotheses: they are conjecture (doxa) as opposed to indubitable knowledge (episteme).”

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A Filosofia deve sempre lembrar o homem suas limitacoes cerebrais:

” For Russell, “to teach how to live without certainty, and yet without being paralyzed by hesitation, is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy, in our age, can still do for those who study it.”

Encouraged by what I read, I explored more of Russell. For Russell, human aspirations to rationality were compromised by the destructive “intellectual vice” of a natural human craving for certainty, which could not be reconciled with the limited capacities of human reason on the one hand, and the complexity of the real world on the other. Philosophy, Russell suggested, was a discipline deeply attuned to this dilemma, enabling reflective human beings to cope with their situation”

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“The Enlightenment championed the idea of a universal human rationality, valid at all times and places. Yet a more sceptical attitude has increasingly gained sway, seeing this as an essentially political or cultural assertion that certain Eurocentric ways of thinking are universally valid, and hence legitimating the intellectual colonization of other parts of the world, and the suppression of other forms of rationality”

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” This scientific imperialism – now usually contracted to “scientism” – finds itself trapped in a viciously circular argument from which no experiment can extricate it, in that it has to assume its own authority in order to confirm it. The insistence on the part of some that all questions be framed scientifically may seem like legitimate science to some, but will be seen as an illegitimate strategy of intellectual colonization by others.”

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” The scientific consensus of the first decade of the twentieth century – regularly presented at that time as secure scientific knowledge – was that the universe was more or less the same today as it always had been. Yet this once fashionable and seemingly reliable view has been eclipsed by the seemingly unstoppable rise of the theory of cosmic origins generally known as the “Big Bang”. What was once thought to be right – and hence to be “knowledge” – was simply an outdated interpretation, an opinion now considered to be wrong.”

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“So is knowledge socially located? To put this another way, is what is deemed “knowledge” in one historical and cultural situation deemed to be “belief” in another? It is an unsettling thought. The American anthropologist Clifford Geertz argued that what we call “common sense” is demonstrably not a universal way of thinking, but is “historically constructed,” varying from one historical location to another.”

Matrix/DNA: Esta e’ mais uma evidencia de que os dominantes predadores criam a cultura fazendo sua distorcida interpretação dos fatos: dominantes de um lugar nem sempre imitam as interpretações de outro dominante de outro lugar.”

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“Historical research shows up the existence of multiple forms of rationality in different cultural and historical contexts. They may have been suppressed in the past by the Enlightenment monomyth of a single universal rationality. However, what some are calling “epistemological decolonization” is gaining sway, especially in intellectual circles in South America and southern Africa.”

Matrix/DNA: A visão do mundo do semi-símio da selva amazônica e’ uma forma de raciocinar diferente da forma europeia ou anglo-saxônica espalhada pelo mundo. E talvez, por ser mais embasada na natureza direta e real, seja mais acurada.

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” So does this mean that we abandon any hope of finding a rational way of thinking, capable of engaging questions about how our universe functions, and deeper existential questions about meaning, value, and purpose? No. This does not give us any reason to believe what we like. It rather invites us to think more deeply about what it means to be rational. This concern lies behind my recent work The Territories of Human Reason, which explores the historical plurality of cultural rationalities on the one hand, and the diversity of methodologies used in the natural sciences on the other, and tries to understand how a single person can be said to act rationally while holding views that have quite different rational foundations.

Livro (resenha): The Territories of Human Reason

quinta-feira, janeiro 31st, 2019

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Eu tenho escrito muito sobre “razão pura, natural”. Tenho sido pretensioso sugerindo que eu tenho a razão pura e que principalmente o materialismo cientifico esta com a razão corrompida, contaminada. Porque eu fui depurar a minha razão na selva virgem, reconstruindo-a pela Natureza pura. Este autor relembra que não existe a razão correta, e é impossível existir tal coisa. De fato, sabendo-se que a nossa realidade é bottomless e topless, sem alicerce e sem teto, não teria como a natureza enfiar em nossa cabeça a razão pura natural total. E nestes abismos que permanecem embaixo e encima, eu preencho com algo, inevitavelmente, o qual sera’ mistico e sera’ minha inevitável ideologia. Tambem não se esquecendo que a faixa de razão pura em diferentes pessoas pode ser diferente, uns tendo mais, outros menos. Talvez, devido a selva, eu tenha uma faixa um pouquinho mais ampliada, o que justifica defender minhas teorias perante as outras, porem, não com superioridade ou arrogância, porque permanece sendo apenas uma faixa. Portanto preciso ler este livro para corrigir o que escrevo, voltar a realidade.

(filosofia, comprado em 1/31/19)

Este livro foi encontrado no excelente artigo do mesmo autor em:

https://iai.tv/articles/between-knowing-and-believing-auid-1207

 

The Territories of Human Reason: Science and Theology in an Age of Multiple Rationalities (Ian Ramsey Centre Studies in Science and Religion) Kindle Edition

Bertrand Russel: Autor a ser pesquisado

quinta-feira, janeiro 31st, 2019

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(texto obtido a deriva na Internet, menciona justamente algumas sugestões que extrai da formula da Matrix/DNA. Comprar o principal livro de Russel).

In Bertrand Russell I found him a source of wisdom.  For Russell, “to teach how to live without certainty, and yet without being paralyzed by hesitation, is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy, in our age, can still do for those who study it.”

Encouraged by what I read, I explored more of Russell. For Russell, human aspirations to rationality were compromised by the destructive “intellectual vice” of a natural human craving for certainty, which could not be reconciled with the limited capacities of human reason on the one hand, and the complexity of the real world on the other. Philosophy, Russell suggested, was a discipline deeply attuned to this dilemma, enabling reflective human beings to cope with their situation.

“The Enlightenment championed the idea of a universal human rationality, valid at all times and places. Yet a more sceptical attitude has increasingly gained sway, seeing this as an essentially political or cultural assertion that certain Eurocentric ways of thinking are universally valid, and hence legitimating the intellectual colonization of other parts of the world, and the suppression of other forms of rationality”

Educação Escolar Contemporânea: Ver a critica cristã

quarta-feira, novembro 21st, 2018

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Procurar este livro:

Livro para ler: Reasons and Persons

sábado, novembro 3rd, 2018

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Recomendado por filosofos nos foruns:

https://www.amazon.com/Reasons-Persons-Derek-Parfit-ebook-dp-B006QV7ZMS/dp/B006QV7ZMS/ref=mt_kindle?_encoding=UTF8&me=&qid=

This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral
philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.

Reviews

“Very few works in the subject can compare with Parfit’s in scope, fertility, imaginative resource, and cogency of reasoning.”–P.F. Strawson, The New York Review of Books
“Complex, brilliant, and entertaining….This book is chock-full of impressive arguments, many of which seem destined to become part of the standard analytic repertory….It is an understatement to say that it is well worth reading.”–International Studies in Philosophy
“Extraordinary…Brilliant…Astonishingly rich in ideas…A major contribution to philosophy: it will be read, honoured, and argued about for many years to come.”–Samuel Scheffler, Times Literary Supplement
“A brilliantly clever and imaginative book…Strange and excitingly intense.”–Alan Ryan, Sunday Times (London)
“Not many books reset the philosophical agenda in the way that this one does….Western philosophy, especially systematic ethics, will not be the same again.”–Philosophical Books
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Livro para Ler: O Fim dos Bancos

sexta-feira, novembro 2nd, 2018

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https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=node%3D154606011&field-keywords=Jonathan+Mcmillan

Amazon Kindle ebook = U$ 10,00

The End of Banking: Money, Credit, And the Digital Revolution by [McMillan, Jonathan]

The End of Banking: Money, Credit, And the Digital Revolution Kindle Edition

O Futuro da Mente – Comprar livro do Michio Kaku

quinta-feira, outubro 11th, 2018

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Most recently Michio Kaku bestselling –  The Future of the Mind (2014).

Informacao obtida no video que contem interessante entrevista:

Origens da Vida: Informativa entrevista com Joel de Rosnay

quarta-feira, outubro 10th, 2018

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Joel de Rosnay: “A vida não surgiu por acaso”

https://super.abril.com.br/ciencia/joel-de-rosnay-a-vida-nao-surgiu-por-acaso/

Procurar o livro:

Rosnay é autor, entre outros livros, de um clássico no assunto, Las origines de La vie, de 1965, do qual uma nova versão saiu em 1988 sob o titulo L’aventure Du vivant,

Livros a ler: Sociobiologia

sábado, junho 30th, 2018

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O triunfo da sociobiologia

John Alcock

Em 2001, o biólogo John Alcock escreveu o livro O Triunfo da Sociobiologia, incluindo a sociobiologia humana (ou psicologia evolucionista). Esse livro diz muita coisa. Os biólogos e filósofos precisam lê-lo.

Analogia entre a Teoria de Teilhard de Chardin e a Teoria da Matrix/DNA

domingo, junho 24th, 2018

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https://www.idolbin.com/post/3_z12ishxjqqzofni2l23yx13jbovrehlty

THE LAW OF COMPLEXITY AND CONSCIOUSNESS and THE OMEGA POINT By TEILHARD DE CHARDIN

Open debate posted by Mario Falcetti

” “For invincible reasons of homogeneity and coherence, the fibers of cosmogenesis require to be prolonged in ourselves far more deeply than flesh and bone. We are not being tossed about and drawn along in the vital current merely by the material surface of our being. But like a subtle fluid, space-time, having drowned our bodies, penetrates our soul. It fills it and impregnates it…” ( read more at the above link)…

My comments posted at 6/24/18 (published by Disquss)

Have you noticed that the “fibers of cosmogenesis” works exactly as works the “fibers of embryogenesis”? I can’t understand why humans have the tendency to mystify what we don’t know completely building theories that appeals to non-natural like Chardin did, when we can see that what we know in nature can explain it. The fibers of embryogenesis that build flesh and bones are the proteins carrying on and processing the information in DNA. The Matrix/DNA Theory suggests an identical theory, but it is purely naturalist, never going to metaphysics. The most evolved (complex) realization of biological embryogenesis is human consciousness. Evolutionary cosmogeneses has the goal to produce a cosmic consciousness. What is the problem?!

Why we need gods, Christo, non-natural, if Nature is showing to us here and now how she works here and there? Each new human brain produced by embryogenesis does no create consciousness, since it was existing here at human species. It means that the informations for consciousness were there, not manifested but in potential state, at the first shapes of a human body, like morulae, blastula, fetus… going to embryo, when it is manifested. It takes 6 or 8 months of embryogenesis. So,,…This Universe works like a cosmic egg where the galaxies are the placenta. Inside the placenta there is a unique system that began at the Big Bang, in shape of atom ( the cloud of atoms was the blastula of cosmogenesis), evolved to stellar systems, to galaxies… all this time consciousness was in these systems, not expressed yet. Embryogenesis takes 9 months, cosmogeneses takes 13,8 billion years, because the astronomical dimension of time, but the two processes are identical. So, in this Universe is occurring a normal common process of genetic reproduction of a conscious natural system beyond and before the Big Bang. Please, Occams razor here, Chardin is not guilty because he did not know genetics, but we know it.

graphic from external link Teilhard de Chardin The PHENOMENON of MAN Translated by Bernard Wall (important extracts of the book)

graphic from external link Teilhard de Chardin The PHENOMENON of MAN Translated by Bernard Wall (important extracts of the book)