Archive for julho 16th, 2011

Quais as quantias e quem são os maiores credores dos USA ( Brasil no meio!)

sábado, julho 16th, 2011

Divida dos EUA e a parcela para cada familia

Com a noticia nas principais manchetes de que talvez o USA vai ter que adiar o pagamento dos juros de sua divida essa lista é esclarecedora. Quem perderia? Mas os numeros são astronomicos. Veja na figura! E veja a divida de cada familia: U$ 101.996 ! Considerando-se que a média anual de ganho de uma familia hoje está por volta de U$ 45.000, seria necessario todas as familias doarem 2 anos e meio de seu trabalho para quitar a divida.

Devido êsse costume no Brasil de falar “divida externa”, eu pensava que a divida de países seria com outros países, mas esta lista revelou que não: muito da divida do país é com credores dentro do país, ou com multinacionais. Principalmente bancos e financeiras sem pátrias. Mas isto era óbvio, eu só não ví porque não raciocinei a coisa: qualquer um pode comprar titulos da divida publica. Mas adivinha quem são êstes maiores capitalistas estrangeiros infiltrados nestas instituições? Eu sempre vou achar que são judeus. Posso estar errado.

O maior credor está dentro dos Estados Unidos!

1 – Federal Reserve and Intragovernmental Holdings
US debt holdings: $5.351 trillion

That’s right, the biggest holder of US government debt is actually within the United States. The Federal Reserve system of banks and other US intragovernmental holdings account for a stunning $5.351 trillion in US Treasury debt. This is the most recent number available (Sept 2010).

2. Other Investors/Savings Bonds
US debt holdings $1.458 trillion

With the most recent numbers from Sept 2010, this extremely diverse group includes individuals, government-sponsored enterprises, brokers and dealers, bank personal trusts, estates, savings bonds, corporate and non-corporate businesses for a total of $1.458 trillion.
Although the level of debt held in U.S. savings bonds has remained relatively constant since 2000, the broad category of “Other” investors has nearly quadrupled since reaching a four-year low in September 2007.

3. China
US debt holdings: $895.6 billion
The largest foreign holder of US Treasury securities, China currently holds $895.6 billion in American debt, although it is down from all time highs of $929 billion one year earlier in November 2009.

4. Japan
US debt holdings: $877.2 billion

A major US trade partner, Japan holds a huge amount of American debt, and has traditionally been one of the US’s largest debt holders, currently owning $877.2 billion of treasury securities.

5. Pension Funds
US debt holdings: $706.4 billion

Pension funds control large amounts of money, reserved for personal retirements, and thus are obligated to make relatively safe investments.
This group includes both private and local government pension funds, totaling $706.4 billion. The private pension fund category also includes US Treasury securities held by the Federal Employees Retirement System Thrift Savings Plan “G Fund.”

6. Mutual Funds
US debt holdings: $637.7 billion

According to the Federal Reserve, mutual funds hold the fifth largest amount of US debt compared to any other group, although mutual fund holdings have diminished by nearly $130 billion since December 2008.
Including money market funds, mutual funds and closed-end funds, this group of investments manages approximately $637.7 billion of US Treasury securities as of June 2010, which are the most recent numbers available.

7. State and Local Governments
US debt holdings: $511.8 billion

US state and local governments have over a half-trillion dollars invested in American debt, according to the Federal Reserve. That’s the same amount of US debt held by the United Kingdom.
The level of investment has remained very stable over the past three years, moving within the range of $534.7 billion and $550.3 billion from 2006 to 2009, and although the amount has been increasing, the total value of holdings are off the highs.
However, this number does not include an additional $174.5 billion of holdings of treasury notes in state and local government pension funds.

7. (Tied) United Kingdom
US debt holdings: $511.8 billion

Britain currently holds $511.8 billion in US debt. The country has ramped up its debt throughout 2010, rising from $208.3 billion in January to the most recent November numbers, which have the holdings up approximately 246% during the year.

9. Depository Institutions
US debt holdings: $269.8 billion

As of June 2010 (the most recent numbers currently available), the Federal Reserve Board of Governors lists depository institutions as holding approximately $269.8 billion in US debt.
This group includes commercial banks, savings banks and credit unions and has nearly tripled from Q4 2008, when holdings stood at $105 billion.

10. Insurance Companies
US debt holdings: $261.8 billion

According to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, insurance companies hold $261.8 billion in Treasury securities. This group includes property-casualty and life insurance firms.

11. Oil Exporters
US debt holdings: $210.4 billion

Big oil means big money… and big investment into US debt.
Included in the group of oil exporters are Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Gabon, Libya, and Nigeria.

12. Brazil
(Êta brasilzão! Quem diria hein?! Credor dos Estados Unidos! Mas o nosso irmão do Norte (e minha primeira pátria igual ao Brazil) merece tôda a ajuda possível, não só porque sempre colaborou com o Brasil mas mais ainda pelo guardião da liberdade (lembre-se de Hitler apenas) e pela incrível capacidade criativa que mudou a vida no mundo, desde o telefone,a geladeira, a essa tentação que é a Coca-Cola…! Juntos venceremos: com a seriedade estadounidense conquistaremos galáxias e com a paz e o sentimental brasileiro manteremos o humano dentro da Humanidade! Aleluia!)

US debt holdings: $184.4 billion

The South American economic giant has $184.4 billion in holdings, according to the Treasury.
Brazil’s investment into US debt has been fluctuating slightly over the past two years, but this current level respresents an all-time high for the country.
13. Caribbean Banking Centers
US debt holdings: $146.3 billion
The US Treasury identifies this group as institutions in the Bahamas, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Panama and the British Virgin Islands.
Holdings are currently listed at $146.3 billion, down about $20 billion from 2010’s high of $166.3 billion in May 2010. The group’s all-time high of $213.6 billion was reached in March 2009.
14. Hong Kong
US debt holdings: $138.9 billion
Hong Kong is one of the world’s largest holders of US debt, although in 2010 the region has cut its holdings by approximately $8 billion from January levels.
15. Canada
For the first time in recent history, Canada’s holdings of US debt has broken into the top 15, surpassing Taiwan by about $3.6 billion in November 2010.
Canada’s holdings of US debt in 2010 have increased in each of the past 12 months, shooting up 266% since November 2009.
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Biggest Holders of US Gov’t Debt

As the US government spends an unprecedented amount of money to fix the nation’s economy, there is an equally great need to raise the cash to pay for it. This is accomplished through borrowing, whereby Uncle Sam sells Treasury securities of varying maturity.

For investors, the government bills, notes and bonds are considered a safe financial product because they have a guaranteed rate of return, based on faith in future US tax revenues. The government has been partially funding operations via Treasury securities for decades.
This borrowing adds to the national debt, which has recently surpassed the $14 trillion mark and is rising every day. The amount of debt is quickly approaching the federal debt ceiling, a legal limit to borrowing which currently stands at $14.294 trillion.
Much of that debt is held by private sector, but about 40 percent is held by public entities, including parts of the government. Here’s who owns the most.
By Paul Toscano
Updated 18 Jan 2011

http://www.cnbc.com/id/15839285