Archive for janeiro 1st, 2012

Em 2012 Converse Com as 10 Trilhões de Bactérias Escravas Que Trabalham Dentro de seu Corpo para Você Existir!

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

Eu comecei o ano me lembrando destas minhas trabalhadoras sem salário que, do alto do meu pedestal, tenho ignorado e esquecido. Sinto pena delas, por existirem como escravas, por isso tentei descer do pedestal e ir aos meus alicerces, nos meus porões subterrâneos que suportam o monumento que sou, ver como andam as coisas por lá. É quase a mesma coisa que tirar os sapatos, as meias, pegar uma lupa e olhar como estão os pés, êstes esquecidos dentro dos sapatos. Para a mente alcançar as bactérias é preciso que seu suporte, o cérebro, se conscientize o que é meu corpo. Para tanto, primeiro sentí meu cérebro como é, apalpei com o dedo da imaginação a geléia cerebral, imaginei apalpando o hipocampo, observei a extensão que desce pela medula espinhal, continuei sentindo as extenções de nervos e fibras, me lemberei do coração, estômago, fígado, estrias das coxas. Eu mental não sei quem sou e como sou, enquanto observador e ser sensível para isso tudo, e assim derrotado pela ignorancia luto para me descobrir a partir do físico, entender, mas vou indo, observando e sentindo-me. E então com todo o meu quadro revisto na memória me calculo reduzindo de tamanho, descendo para meus porões até ficar do tamanho de minhas bactérias e poder vê-las. Meu Deus, são tantas espécies diferentes! É como se estivessem reunidas tôdas as espécies vivas da Terra, de insetos a aves a rinocerontes, num só campo, e eu observando-as. Mas não são bonitas como os seres vivos externos, geralmente são meio arredondadas, são feias, horríveis. E o cheiro… principalmente as que trabalham nas minas dos intestinos, cobertas de lama, aquêle cheiro insuportável, tenho que levar as mãos às narinas e tapá-las. As bactérias me vêm, como os escravos egipcios viam passar o cortejo de mamelucos carregando o estandarte da rainha, e ela deitada na maca, com o leque se abanando. Então paro no meio delas, chamo algumas e pergunto como está a vida. Chove uma torrente de reclamações, tôdas querem falar ao mesmo tempo, gesticulam apontando os capatazes e os montes de trabalho a fazer. Minhas 10 trihões de bactérias reclamam da crise, que não aguentam mais de tanto trabalhar e não verem progresso, muitas doentes e não recebem as medicinas, etc. e etc. A certo momento não mais ouço o vozerio e na minha mente se fixa numa sentença: teria que mudar tôda essa estrutura, desmanchar tudo, redesenhar, reprojetar, fazer meus alicerces em tudo diferente…mas como? Nós queremos suprimir a escravidão de seres humanos e animais, queremos mudar o mundo externo, mas descobrimos que se fizéssemos isso dentro de nós… deixaríamos de existir. Como posso mudar o que não pode ser mudado, pois se o fôr, eu môrro, deixo de existir? Na minha consciência eu deveria agora, imediatamentente, decretar a libertação das bactérias escravas, mas em cinco horas na minha barriga pararia tudo…

Elas tem que continuarem a existir como escravas para que eu possa existir. Digo a elas que vou pensar e tentar fazer algo, dou ordens para retornem o cortejo, subo as escadas do monumento, retorno ao trono no meu pedestal. E fico pensando. Porque existo assim?

Foi o planeta que me fêz. E mais a luz do Sol. Quem são êsses? Mentalmente saio voando do planeta na direção do sol, mas começa a queimar muito, desvio a rota e paro numa posição em que vejo o planeta como uma esfera solta no espaço, impressionante, e para um lado vejo parte da lua e dêste lado o sol, que me deixa cego quando olho para êle. Olho à volta, vejo outras bolotas no espaço, são tambem planetas, e mais distante, um anel de detritos, o cinturão de Belt. Foi isso que me fêz e do jeito todo errado que sou. Onde estão escondidos nêstes astros, os princípios, as fôrças naturais, os elementos, que, sob a evolução, se juntaram na matéria na Terra e se transformaram no ultimo ancestral comum a todos os seres vivos? Como? Porque? Para que?

Algo me chama mais a atenção. O planeta não deveria apresentar movimento algum estando num vácuo infinito. Movimento só se vê se existirem por perto outras coisas paradas ou em movimento, como pontos de referência. Mas acho que no vácuo infinito nada se moveria em relação a outros objetos, tudo seria infinitamente parado, mesmo que tudo rodasse. Mas vejo o planeta sendo movido, e fazendo voltas em torno do Sol. Qual a fôrça que existe nêste espaço vazio que está empurrando êste planeta? O que é êste espaço? Acho que o sol gira por si mesmo e com isso sua fôrça de atração num espaço curvado einsteniano resulta nêsse movimento do planeta. Mas por que o sol gira em si mesmo? Olho para a galaxia, ela gira, e leva o sol a girar em volta de seu nucleo. Isso pouco tem a ver com a força que está empurrando a Terra em volta do sol. Êste movimento tem que a ver com o sol. Acho que o sol gira porque é diferente do que os modêlos teóricos dizem: o sol não iniciou como esfera e sim como um rodamoinho cônico, espiral, que surgiu no meio da poeira devido à rotação da galaxia criar estes torvelinhos dentro dela. Devido ao cone ficar rolando no espaço encurvado pela galaxia, foi tendo suas arestas lapidadas e tornou-se como uma bola de geléia meio-gasosa, mas continua girando por conta própria e isso contesta os modêlos: o sol não é internamente uma série de camadas anelares sôbre outras, mas sim camadas espiraladas. A partir do seu nucleo deve existir uma energia misteriosa que parece existir apenas com o intuito de comer, e avança na massa de poeira das camadas superiores comendo certas particulas dentro de seus atomos. É esse avançar dessa energia que vai fazendo a bola girar sôbre si mesma, e com isso fazendo todos os planetas à volta girarem tambem. Se as camadas fôssem circulares, seriam comidas de dentro para fora por inteiro e aí o astro não giraria. Então, para saber o que sou, tenho agora que investigar estas três coisas: o que é êste espaço, para saber o que é esta força, que empurra o meu planeta para finalmente tentar entender o que é a energia misteriosa – pois nela devem estarem os principios ocultos – e saber porque ela existe para comer.

Pois esta energia, suas minimas partículas, é que cresceram e se tornaram os seres vivos primitivos que só existem para comer. Quando comem são escravos transformando grama em gordura que vai alimentar os leões que ficam à espreita esperando engordarem. Eu sou como os leões em relação às minhas bactérias. Se as ovelhas deixarem de exisitir os leões morrem, desaparecem. Se minhas bactérias deixarem de existirem ou se eu decretar sua liberdade, môrro, desapareço.

Nós humanos tambem existimos para comer, trabalhar… não vejo diferença entre bactérias, humanos e aquela energia misteriosa que começa o movimento disso tudo. Então surge o quarto elemento a investigar: quem são os nossos algozes leões? Quem está no trono do pedestal do monumento que suportamos carregando-o nas costas como escravos?

As bactérias jamais fariam idéia que existo, como sou. Mas os humanos tem inteligência natural que é produto da evolução natural e portanto está vendo através da Natureza que sua condição escrava de existência indica que algo ou alguem está lucrando algo de nossa existência. Não se trata se ser-mos os 99% escravos dos 1%, pois êstes, vís mortais, tambem de certa forma são apenas escravos melhorados fazendo o papel de capatazes. Serão os orionenses? Os reptilianos? Os deuses? Se continuar-mos a investigar, um dia uma futura geração nossa vai descobrir.

Conhecerás a verdade; e ela vos libertará. Oxalá seja verdade. Mas sendo ou não sendo, vou botar minhas energias que consiguir surrupiar na calada da noite sem entrega-la ao sistema, para sair do sistema e espiar o que existe alem destas cêrcas da nossa ignorancia. Quero ver quem e como são os senhores, a casa dêles, a energia que usam, as suas fôrças, ficar sondando-os. Para vencer um inimigo tem-se primeiro que conhecê-lo, procurar o maximo de informações a seu respeito. Só o conhecimento poderá nos libertar, mesmo que com essa liberdade signifique que o mindo vai parar de funcionar. Melhor não existir do que ser eternamente escravos. Mas existe ainda a possibilidade de que se minhas bactérias forem libertadas, elas consigam sobreviver no mundo externo de algum modo, e livres, podem construir seu próprio sistema. Esta possibilidade existe tambem para nós e ela move minha vontade, e esta minha missão é meu convite a todos os da minha espécie para 2012.

Revisão e Sínteses dos Artigos: Técnicas, Divulgação, etc

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

4 dicas para escrever artigos melhores no Blog

Material na Terra de Origem Extra-Terrestre! Quasecristal Icosahedrite: Meteorito Vindo da Formação do Sistema Solar?

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

xxx

Mindat.org – the mineral and locality database
PDF: OXYGEN ISOTOPE EVIDENCE FOR THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL ORIGIN OF THE FIRST
NATURAL QUASICRYSTAL.

http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?file,14,file=29313,filename=Extra-terrestrial_quasicrystal.pdf

Quran?! Vida = Biosftware + hardware ?!

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

Fui surpreendido ao ler um comentário postado num debate sôbre definição do que é a vida. O comentarista diz algo como : “No modelo computacional, as estruturas químicas desde as células ( incluindo o DNA) aos tecidos e órgãos constituem o herdware do organismo. O não-fisico “rooh” é o biosoftware do organismo” . O autor diz que isto está escrito no Quran. Será possivel? Eu nunca lí o Quran, como foi uma perda de tempo ler a Biblia. Mas li a vida tôda citações e ensaios sôbre o conteudo do Quran, porque autores como o do comentário acima entram em todos os lugares, lí o suficiente para captar que é a mesma coisa que a Biblia, uma inutilidade e desvio da Razão. Quando foi escrito o Quran? Naquela época não havia computador, muito menos se sabia sôbre hardware e software. Bem… como essa frase bate com as sugestões da Matrix/DNA Theory, terei que investigar isso.

O Comentário:

45. P.A. Wahid Says:
January 19th, 2012 at 7:01 am

Can you define life in three words?

The molecular gene concept is scientifically untenable. It is violation of chemical principles. The Quran reveals
( Matrix: Quran reveals?! Quem? Qual o autor revela? Qual aprova?) that life is non-material phenomenon validating the original proposal of nonphysical gene by Wilhelm Johannsen in 1909. ( Wikipedia: Wilhelm Johannsen (3 February 1857 – 11 November 1927) was a Danish botanist, plant physiologist and geneticist. He coined the terms phenotype and genotype.Johannsen introduced the term gene. This term was coined in opposition to the then common pangene that stemmed from Darwin’s theory of pangenesis.)

He warned against two things while proposing the gene concept; one is against treating gene as material entity, and the other is against assigning gene for particular character. Both his warnings have been now proved correct. ( Como?! Alguem provou que gene não é material? Onde? Como?)
The nonphysical biological information can be conceived on the lines of computer concept of the organism. Phenomena of life and death can be defined and explained in the light of the Quranic revelation based on the computer model of organism. The Quran informs that nonphysical rooh (or nafs) is the cause of life and its removal (deletion) from the body results in death. In the computer model, the chemical structures (including DNA) from cells through tissues to organs constitute hardware of the organism. The nonphysical rooh is the biosoftware of organism. The computer software is also nonphysical although it requires a physical medium (disk) for storage. Similarly biosoftware also requires a physical medium for its storage. The hard disk of organism is chromosome. The invisible software is the soul of the computer ( Oh… com’on! Computador não tem alma… Computador virou imortal agora?”) as the rooh is the soul of an organism. As the deletion of rooh causes death, deletion of the software also brings the computer to halt. A dead body is like a computer without software. Based on this reasoning, life can be defined as the manifestation of execution of divine biosoftware in body, and death as the result of its deletion from the body. This assertion based on the Quran is falsifiable. It predicts it will be impossible to create life from non-life without using a living cell or organism at any stage of the process. It also predicts that a dead cell (or dead body) cannot be restored to life. In fact a dead cell has all the material structures including DNA intact at death. But yet the cell doesn’t show any sign of life. This itself shows a chemical structure (material) does not constitute biological program. All the experiments to create life from non-life going on at various centres in the world are destined to fail proving that molecular gene concept is the costliest blunder ever to commit in the history of science. Biologists can as well prove their idea of material gene by bringing a dead cell back to life by chemical means since dead cell is comparable to prosthetic cell. They don’t have to create genome or cell from scratch chemically, which is not feasible without involving living cell or organism during chemical synthesis. For detailed discussion please see posts 4 and 5 at my blog http://quranscienceblog.blogpost.com

Wikipedia: Process Molecular Gene Concept
The Process Molecular Gene Concept was first proposed by Eva M. Neumann-Held. Neumann-Held suggests that we redefine our view of the “gene” in relation to developmental genetics. This concept claims that the definition is too general therefor we need to either clarify its definition or stop using the term [1] “gene”. The “Process Molecular Gene Concept” states that in order for synthesis of a polypeptide to occur you need non-DNA factors and regulatory regions to regulate gene expression on DNA and derived mRNA. This is important because a DNA sequence can code for multiple [2] polypeptides, so it is these non-DNA factors that are present in order to help determine the polypeptide that is made. In the Cycles of Contingency, Eva M. Neumann-Held states,[3] “This empirical evidence shows that it is not only the presence of DNA sequence that determines the course of events that lead to the synthesis of a polypeptide but, in addition, specific non-DNA factors must act on DNA and derived mRNA to determine the particular processing mechanisms.”

xxx

Meu reply postado no artigo:

46. Louis Morelli Says:
January 20th, 2012 at 12:32 am

Life in three words?

Payment of Original Sin

(Cash, please!)

47 – Louis Morelli Says:
January 20th, 2012 at 12:16 pm

(Sorry, I am going out of topic here, with a particular question to the post above.)

Mr. Wahid, I have seen your profile at your blog and think that you are a good man for Humanity. Thirty years of research experience in perennial crop nutrition – loll, it is a good job. Thanks for existing. You know that Humanity is in trouble and need urgent solutions, so, any force that avoid Humanity going far away off the beam focused on the search for solutions is not good for human kind. Sorry, but your post suggests in my single opinion, that after you retired you are unconsciously being used and applying a force not good for human kind. Each phrase from yours has no proved foundation on reality or cannot be grasped by the human reason built by Nature. What is happening?

You are propagating a theory, which can be influential to students, then, we are competitors because I also have a theory that I think is better for students, called “The Universal Matrix/DNA of Natural Systems and Life’s Cycles Theory”. As competitors we will fight for the space through debating the details of ours theories. Ok? Let’s go?

Your theory: The molecular gene concept is scientifically untenable.
Matrix/DNA: I don’t know any proved fact showing it its wrong. Then, it is an opened falsiable theory, requiring investigation. If your antenna is not opened for all possibilities, my suggestion is cleaning it, because the most cause are wrong beliefs attached to the antenna as dust. Look if the antenna is not pointed to only one direction; it must have arms pointed to all directions.

You: The Quran reveals…
Matrix: “Wait, please. The Quran? Who is/are/were the person revealing it? Which real fact, which experiment, he/them showed in the way that I can repeat it?”

You: “… validating the original proposal…”
Matrix/DNA: “Wait… Proposals, theories, are not the objects under focus. They are process of human thoughts. Any human thought obey evolution through the mechanism of life’s cycles. In a human life’s cycle the shape of teenager is transformed into the shape of adult. You cannot have the two shapes at the same time. So, in the evolution of a human thought, the external stimulus is the spermatozoon, the idea is the fecundation, the theory is the teenager, the real knowledge in the shape of a natural law, for instance, is the adult. At the momentum that something is really known (adult), the theory (teenager) already does not exists. The thoughts of Mr. Quran can validate the thoughts of Mr. Johannsen? Maybe only in the realm of thoughts, not in the realm of the object. If Mr. Quran did not show the experiment, it is a theory, and a theory does not validate another theory… Ok for me it is enough. I am seeing we will not have a conversation on this issue about life’s definition.

But I was looking your website. The idea of the Universe working as a computer (hardware + software), is interesting because my theoretical models are suggesting the same thing. But I am layman about computers. Then I have questions:

You: “The Quran informs that nonphysical rooh (or nafs) is the cause of life”.
Matrix/DNA: “What came first in computers: the hardware or the software? First I thought that was the hardware that began with the “abacus” , but the abacus was made from a necessity in the human mind (the origins of the computer software). But the human mind was a product from the hardware human body. Really I have no resource for proving that the life of the bacteria that evolved to humans was caused by this software or the opposite, the software was caused by the bacteria. Do you have? How was the diagram of your suggested alien software that developed the first cell’s system?

Ok. Looking from this perspective, I think that the comparison of life with computers makes no sense. But, my resulting models from my calculations continue suggesting the comparison. They show a single diagram of software existing at the primordial soup, coming from the matter of non-living world. Then I was looking at your website the mention about which software has you or Mr. Quran detected in the primordial soup or, at least, a theory of the software inside our ancestors astronomical or atomic systems, and you have not inserted it. Could you, please, show the diagram?

xxx

Bem, então vamos ao blog acima sugerido para ver o que o autor tem a dizer:

xxx

Tuesday, January 17, 20123. The Universe – Divine Computer System

A computer model of the universe based on the Quran was proposed for the first time in 1998 in my book The Divine Expert System, which was published by the Muslim Association for Advancement of Science, Aligarh. Its revised version The Computer Universe: A Scientific Rendering of the Holy Quran was published in 2006 by Adam Publishers, New Delhi. The model described the universe as giant computer designed, programmed and created by Allah with purpose as opposed to the scientific worldview that it originated itself by chance with no purpose to serve. The computer model offers a new window to look at the universe and understand the self-regulated functioning of the universe, deterministic mode of behaviour of the universal components and how substances acquire their characteristic properties. A living organism is treated as natural biocomputer or biorobot.

Matrix: Isto parece piada! O conhecimento de que existe algo cahamado computador deve-se ao fato do homem ter observado a Natureza, ter descoberto mecanismos e processos, te-los imitado tecnológicamente. Portanto, obviamente o computador imita a Natureza, principalmente a parte da natureza relacionada a cérebros. Agora alguem fica sabendo que existe computador, percebe que existem semelhanças com algumas coisas da Natureza, sai correndo a concluir que o Universo imita o computador, e como acredita que alguma divindade supernatural por magica criou o Universo, conclui que o criador fêz um projeto de computador 13,7 bilhões de anos antes do homem criar o computador! Isto é que circular reasoning! Raciocinio redundante onde efeitos se confundem com causas. Suponhamos que o Homem tenha vindo de um primo do macaco. O macaco gerou algo que é como um computador. Até aí, existem muitas evidências, é possivel. Mas o macaco não estava pensando em computador e não gerou o homem baseado em modelo de computador. Giravas não são inteligentes, nada entendem de programação genética, mesmo assim geram girafinhas. Sem aplicar inteligencia. Então porque não pensar que o Universo foi gerado naturalmente, e o caso de parecer com computador, seja mero efeito da genética natural? Ou seja, nada nem ninguem precisa manipular nada para gerar um sistema natural, basta deizxar a natureza agir. Para esta hipótese temos parametros aqui na Terra,mposso provas-lo montrando como a girafa gera a girafinha. Porem, a hipótese de que uma entidade sobrenatural tambem gera alguma coisa… nunca ví parametro nenhum. Pobre girafa! Você vale menos, é ignorada, descartada, por uma fantasia!”

In 2004 (four years after the publication of my first book, The Divine Expert System), Prof. Seth Lloyd of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, published a research paper entitled “Computational capacity of the universe” in the journal Physical Review Letters, and Stephen Wolfram of Wolfram Media, USA, published a book A New Kind of Science. Lloyd published another book Programming the Universe: A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes On the Cosmos in 2006. Very recently (in 2009), a book Wetware: A Computer in Every Living Cell by Denis Bray suggesting that organism is a computer has also come out. All these works based purely on science support the concept that the universe works like a computer.

The computer model of the universe developed in the light of the Quran is briefly discussed here.

Matrix: “Tudo errado. O modelo do computador foi desenvolvido à luz de alguns aspectos da Natureza, ou Universo, como queira. Porque inserir nesse meio um livro, ou mesmo seus autores, como se els conhecem computadores antes da Natureza?!”

The basic change that the computer concept of the universe based on the Quran brings into our present knowledge of the universe and cosmology is that it is divine instructions rather than matter and energy per se that represent the fundamental units of reality. Detailed discussion may be found in my two books The Computer universe: A Scientific Rendering the Holy Quran, and An Introduction to Islamic Science (Adam Publishers, New Delhi).

Evidence supporting the concept of computer universe

Physical, chemical and biological sciences at best explain to us and provide information on properties of various forms of energy and matter. There are however certain fundamental questions about the universe that cannot be addressed in science. Some of these are:
a) origin of chemical structures with specific properties,
b) origin of rules and laws in the physical, chemical and biological segments of the universe,
c) existence of universal constants,
d) interconnectivity and coordination of the universal components to function as a single system, and
e) origin of natural processes and mechanisms.

The question of their origin poses one of the most difficult riddles to human intellect. Strictly speaking the question is beyond the realms of secular science.

Matrix: “Bem… a Teoria da Matrix/DNA mostra uma fórmula que explica todas estas origens e como consequencias naturais de causas e efeitos a partir de simples vórtices. Se a fórmula existe não está provada, mas ela é mostrada. Podes mostrar-me Allah?”

Self-regulated functioning of natural systems, occurrence of natural cycles and phenomena, and spontaneity of physical, chemical and biological reactions and processes do indicate the existence of a computerised set-up. It is possible to explain the various aspects of the universe considering it as a computer system. It also implies that whatever happens in this computer universe is determined by Allah’s program which rules out the element of chance from it.

Natural evidence

“Matrix: “Oooopss… será mesmo que agora finalmente serão apresentadas evidencias dea existencia desse tal de Allah?! Não me aguento de ansiedade…”

There is sufficient evidence to justify the comparison of the universe with a programmed, self-sustaining system. Everything around us, be it a microscopic bacterium or a mega system like galaxy, is a programmed system in its own right. All these components are integrated to produce the whole system – the universe.

Matrix: “Até agora, não disse nada. Para de enrolar e traga as evidências!”

Natural laws and determinism: The physical components of the universe from subatomic level to megasystems comprising galaxies and beyond obey certain rules and laws that can be described in mathematical terms. In 1623, Galileo stated: “Philosophy is written in this very great book which always lies open before our eyes (I mean the universe), but one cannot understand it unless one first learns to understand the language and recognize the characters in which it is written. It is written in mathematical language…without these means it is humanly impossible to understand a word of it…” [1]. According to Einstein, “Our experience…justifies us in believing that nature is the realization of the simplest conceivable mathematical ideas” [2]. As Richard Feynman put it: “Every one of our laws is a purely mathematical statement in rather complex and abstruse mathematics…It gets more and more abstruse and more and more difficult as we go on…It is impossible to explain honestly the beauties of the laws of nature in a way that people can feel, without their having some deep understanding of mathematics” [3]. The famous mathematician-physicist Pierre Simon Laplace’s doctrine of complete determinism is a tribute to the success of Galilean-Newtonian principles. According to him, the entire universe is like a clockwork mechanism – to a supremely intelligent mind with all-seeing eyes and unlimited calculating powers, the present would completely determine the future, and for that matter, the past as well [4]. As a philosophical belief about the material world, determinism can be traced back to the time of Ancient Greece, several thousand years ago. Determinism became incorporated in modern science around the year 1500 A.D. with the establishment of the idea that cause-and-effect rules completely govern all motion and structure on the material level. According to the deterministic model, the universe works like a perfect machine without deviation from the predetermined laws.

Matrix: “O que?! Pré-determinadas leis?! Vejamos um exemplo: Todo individuo que por o dedo no fogo o retira automaticamente muito rápido. Aí alguem chamado Boltzmann resolve medir a velocidade com que varios individuos tiram o dedo e conclui que é praticamente a mesma. Claro! Porem aí criam mais uma matéria no curriculum cientifico: Lei de Boltzmann, 0,4785×85746 mts/s. Ou constant de faraday. Ou Avogadro numero. Mas o Universo não está nem aí! Isto só é lei na cabeça dos homens. E êle acredita que o Universo obedece essa lei … senão pode acabar no chilindró.”

It was the work of Isaac Newton, which firmly established determinism at the core of modern science. He demonstrated that the three laws of motion, which he advanced, could accurately predict in time the orbits of the planets around the sun, the shapes of the paths of projectiles on the earth, and the schedule of the ocean tides throughout the month and year.

Matrix: Êle quer dizer que a Lei de Boltzman prevê que tambem cachorros tiram o rabo rapido do fogo, que passaros em voo se desviam do fogo… Não por nada, não por eles mesmos, só fazem isso porque obedecem a lei de Allah.”

Newton’s laws are completely deterministic because they imply that anything that happens at any future time is completely determined by what happens now, and everything that is happening now was completely determined by what happened at any time in the past. Determinism remains even today as the core philosophy and goal of physical science [5]. As rightly pointed out by Sir Isaac Newton “(the beautiful universe he observed) could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and Powerful Being.”

(Pausa para o trabalho: parei aqui)

The cause-effect relationships can either be linear or non-linear. The concept of linearity relates to the effects that are proportional to causes. For example, if a ball is hit twice as hard, it will fly twice as quickly. Many practical situations are observed to behave in linear fashion. But there are also others that are not linear [6]. In expressing the measurement appropriate for a given system (e.g., Solar System, a falling object on the earth, ocean currents, etc.), the values of the measurements at a given starting time are called the initial conditions for that system. Newton’s laws imply that for any given system, the same initial conditions will always produce identically the same outcome. But there is a hitch. The accuracy of prediction depends on the accuracy of the measurement of the initial conditions. A seemingly insignificant difference in the measurement can create unexpectedly huge difference in the outcome. In other words, the measurements should have infinite accuracy to make accurate prediction. Unfortunately, even with our most sophisticated instruments, infinite accuracy cannot be achieved. Such systems are called “chaotic”. For example weather as a whole is a chaotic system. It is because of this, our weather forecasts are reliable only for the short-term and not for the long-term. The long-term weather forecasts even made with the most sophisticated computer methods imaginable will always be no better than guesses [5]. But this does not mean that the universe is not deterministic; it only means that we cannot make accurate prediction because we cannot make measurements with infinite accuracy due to the limitation in our instrument capability. The chaos is deterministic if we can make the measurements of the initial conditions with infinite accuracy. It is, therefore, called “deterministic chaos”. Because of this nature, the term “butterfly effect” is sometimes used to imply such phenomena. It refers to the idea that a flap of butterfly wings (which is insignificant) in a location can cause a storm in another part of the world.

The existence of immutable laws in nature is undisputable. How did these rules originate? Although we have theories of inorganic evolution and organic evolution, they do not explain or account for the origin and existence of natural laws. There are a large number of laws and rules described in physics, chemistry and biological sciences. The existence of universal constants is a reflection of the operation of these rules uniformly over the entire universe. Faraday constant (96.5 kJ mole-1), Avogadro number (6.022 x 1023 mol-1), Planck constant (6.626 x 10-34 Js), velocity of light (2.998 x 108 m s-1), gas constant (8.314 J mol-1 K) and Boltzmann constant (1.381 x 1023 kJ K-1) are but a few examples. It is according to these laws and rules the universe has been designed, developed and perfected as a coherent system by Allah. Their origin cannot be attributed to chance or accident because formulation of the laws requires intelligence. The intelligence is, however, not immanent in the system but must be assumed to exist outside of the system. The existence of laws of nature is one of the unquestionable proofs of the existence of a Programmer for the universe. We cannot think of spontaneous unassisted origin of these laws without the involvement of a super intelligence. Although we experience, observe and study innumerable laws and rules in operation in nature, the need of intelligence or a creator for them has neither been acknowledged nor recognized in science!

We cannot deny the fact that a programmed reality exists in nature. The countless number of celestial bodies of colossal size tracing their own paths in the cosmos without collision is indicative of a perfectly programmed behaviour. The gravitational forces responsible for this meticulous and amazing consistency in the peripheral motion and recurring relative positions of stars and planets do not operate in an arbitrary manner, but obey certain eternal laws prescribed by the Creator Allah. It is because of this, we are able to formulate principles, which can reflect the natural order. The high degree of success achieved by man-made mathematical models in describing and/or predicting several natural phenomena adds strength to this reasoning. Failure of the models can only be due to the lack of understanding of the rules governing them, insufficient knowledge of the variables involved and the nature of their influence or due to the less accurate methods of measurement but not because, rules do not exist and mathematics does not fit in. What can be concluded from the success of the mathematical models and theories in the quantitative interpretation of natural phenomena is that the universe has built-in rules and regulations to enable it to function like a self-controlled and self-sustained system. To make one realize how much these rules mean to the functioning of the universe, let me quote none other than Stephen Hawking, the renowned British mathematician, “…if the electric charge of the electron had been only slightly different, stars either would have been unable to burn hydrogen and helium, or else they would not have exploded. The remarkable fact is that the values of these numbers (fundamental numbers) seem to have been very finely adjusted to make possible the development of life.” [7, p. 125]. Further, “The initial rate of expansion (of the universe) also would have had to be chosen very precisely for the rate of expansion still to be so close to the critical rate needed to avoid recollapse” (due to gravitational attraction) [7, p. 127]. These rules and properties could not have come into existence accidentally. Instead the universe has an Authority who designed and perfected it the way it is. To quote again Stephen Hawking: “It would be very difficult to explain why the universe should have begun in just this way, except as the act of a God who intended to create beings like us” [7, p. 127]. (This statement is quoted here not to indicate that his views support religion and God. He is an atheist.).

Built-in controls: The fact that phenomena of natural cycles, planetary movements and a host of others occur with clockwork precision and accuracy leads to the obvious conclusion that our universe is controlled and works according to a pre-set program like a computer-controlled system. Consider, for instance, the working of the sun (natural nuclear reactor) in comparison with man-made nuclear reactor. Nuclear reactions such as fusion and fission are energy-yielding reactions of the highest order. Of these, nuclear fusion is supposed to be the ultimate kind as far as our knowledge goes. In man-made reactors, fission reaction is taken advantage of for energy generation. When heavy elements like 235U are bombarded with neutrons (1n), their nuclei become unstable following neutron absorption. The unstable nucleus breaks down to smaller daughter nuclei (fission fragments) and more neutrons with concomitant release of gamma radiation (g) and enormous amount of energy. A simplified, generalized nuclear fission reaction may be written as follows.

235U + 1n → 145La + 88Br + 3 1n + g + energy

The daughter nuclei produced in the above reaction are lanthanum (La) and bromine (Br). The neutrons so generated can in turn split other atoms producing more neutrons and the process goes on as a chain reaction. The reaction once started can proceed unabated and lead to explosion (because of the release of huge amount of energy) unless it is controlled. The control of the nuclear reaction is accomplished by regulating the production of neutrons using neutron absorbers like cadmium. These materials absorb neutrons and maintain the desired neutron flux in the reactor. In fact the nuclear reactor and the atom bomb work on the same principle with the difference that in the former the reaction is controlled while in the latter, it is not controlled. With the advent of modern computer systems and robotics, human experts no longer directly man a nuclear reactor. Several hundreds of critical process parameters are monitored and controlled by highly sophisticated computers to prevent it from turning into a rogue one. Outside the reactor and the laboratory, we have the sun up there in the sky giving us energy ever since it began. The sun is also a reactor that works on the fusion principle involving hydrogen atoms. The sun is at 3 x 1016 km from the centre of the Spiral Galaxy (the Milky Way) and it rotates with a velocity of 200 km per second about this centre. Its radius is 6.69 x 105 km and its mass is 2 x 1030 kg. The fusion reaction involving hydrogen (H) atoms leading to the production of helium (He) that is going on in the sun is represented below.

(a) 1H + 1H → 2H + +1e

(b) 1H + 2H → 3He + g

(c) 2H + 2H → 3H + 1H

(d) 2H + 2H → 3He + 1n

(e) 3He + 3He → 4He + 2 1H

(f) 3H + 2H → 4He + 1n

Where 1H is ordinary hydrogen, 2H is deuterium (heavy hydrogen) and 3H is tritium (radioisotope of hydrogen), +1e is positron, g is gamma photon and 1n is neutron. The fusion reaction taking place at the centre of the sun is supposed to reach temperatures of 107 K and pressures exceeding 1011 atm. The solar fires reach out as far as 105 km from the surface of the sun with velocities of 500 km per second. Our reactors fade into insignificance when they are compared with the sun. The rules that govern a reaction inside our reactor are equally applicable to such a reaction occurring outside of it. This would mean that if our reactor needs controlling, the sun (the natural reactor) also needs controlling to prevent it from exploding. The fact that the fusion reaction has been going on in the sun ever since it started functioning and that it has not exploded so far, proves that the fusion reaction going on in the sun is a controlled (programmed) phenomenon; the control program is immanent in it.

Spontaneity: Every natural process is a spontaneous phenomenon. Physical, chemical and biological processes are spontaneous phenomena as though the reacting species know how to react and what they should produce under different conditions. Their properties and mode of behaviour in diverse environments are all fixed. Evidently, divine programs are there latent in their structures.

Sequential development: We find a developmental sequence in every phenomenon. A plant develops from a seed through cell division and differentiation. An animal also develops similarly through various stages from the zygote. There is clear evidence of the existence of a genetic program in living organisms. This program is responsible for the development and moment-to-moment existence of living organism. Several millions of instructions are carried in a biological program. Every biological mechanism is suggestive of the sequential execution of the instructions contained in the genetic program of the organism concerned. Whether it is the biological program responsible for the biological activities of an organism or the programs for physical and chemical processes, these programs can be understood as sets specific number of instructions given in specific sequence. It is their operation in the given sequence that manifests in the evolution of a non-living or living system, chemical and physical reactions and phenomena, biological processes, etc. These provide clear evidence of the existence of divine instructions (information) in the universe. Information cannot originate by itself through chance and accidents. It needs a creator. The existence of programs in nature is an unfailing proof of the existence of Programmer God for the universe.

A couple of examples are considered here to illustrate the existence of programs in nature. Every biochemical process has its own specific instructions (we observe them as reaction steps) and sequence. Photosynthesis is a biochemical process that enables a plant to harness solar energy from the sun. In the process light energy is converted into chemical energy through synthesis of carbohydrates. (In this context it is reminded here that sun is the source of energy provided to Allah’s human robot testing laboratory – Earth. It is through plants by the mechanism of photosynthesis Allah converts the solar energy into a form consumable by organisms. This aspect is covered in the post on Earth as Allah’s laboratory for testing human robots.). It has been estimated that 200 billion tons of carbon is fixed as carbohydrates each year. The biochemical reactions involved in photosynthesis occur in the chloroplast stroma. Melvin Calvin elucidated the basic steps in this process, which is named after him as the Calvin Cycle. There are three basic events, which characterize this process. These are carboxylation, reduction and regeneration. The simplified biochemical steps may be written as follows.

Step-1 involves the addition of CO2 to a 5-carbon acceptor, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RUBP) leading to the production of two 3-carbon molecules (3-phosphoglycerate).

Step-2 involves the reduction of 3-phosphoglycerate into a carbohydrate.

Step-3 involves a complex series of reactions, which regenerates the
5-carbon acceptor RUBP.

One CO2 is gained with each cycle. Six cycles lead to the formation of a 6-Carbon sugar. Each reaction step which we characterize based on our observations may consist of several instructions (steps) at the molecular level. The complete biochemical reactions that characterize the phenomenon of photosynthesis can be therefore best treated as reflection of the existence of ‘photosynthesis program’. The ‘photosynthesis program’ stipulates the reactions and their sequence for execution. Thus we may conceptualize the mechanism of photosynthesis (a biochemical process) as the execution of a small program designed for that purpose. Such a perception is lacking in science. Every natural phenomenon would appear as evolution because it reflects the sequential execution of instructions carried in the divine program and not accident as scientific community views it.

Brain as computer: Brains of animals are capable of storing and processing information. Human brain is the most advanced of them all. Plants also function like a computer. Leaves regulate their uptake and loss of gases by conducting simple calculations based on ‘distributed computation’ – a kind of information processing that involves communication between many interacting units. In distributed computation, signals exchanged between components of the system define the process for solving a problem [8].

Natural designs: Anyone can recognize design and a purpose for the universal components. Natural designs are perfect. We acknowledge this fact knowingly or unknowingly by trying to imitate them in our technology. In the millions of species living on Earth, we do not observe even a single case of half-developed organ incomplete in its structure or inefficient in its functioning. (This observation also goes against Darwin’s theory, which says body structures are evolved gradually through numerous intermediate steps). Several kinds of designs can be identified and recognized in nature. Apart from the structural design of each component of the universe, there are innumerable processes and mechanisms that exhibit spectacular operational designs. Depending on how they are viewed by our senses, they would appear to range from the simplest to extremely complex phenomena. We are so familiar with many of these natural phenomena in our daily life (e.g., gravity, wind, rain, etc.) that they have ceased to inspire awe in us or to attract our attention. Our stomach is capable of digesting every kind of meat. Suppose that you are able to cut out a piece of your stomach and swallow it. It will be immediately digested. But so long as that piece remained part of the stomach (i.e., before you cut and removed it), it was not digested at all by the stomach! In other words, stomach produces juices containing enzymes and other substances capable of its own breakdown but remains at the same time unattacked and safe while it selectively breaks down the food materials arriving to it! Evidently, there is a mechanism (production of alkaline substances) designed to prevent it from getting digested. When a morsel of food is taken into the mouth, the teeth chew only the food material and spare the tongue as if it can distinguish the food material from the tongue. We also know that blood can exist as liquid only inside the blood vessels; everywhere else, it clots.

Womb in mammalian species does not offer any advantage to their females but yet it ‘evolved’ against the expectations of Darwin’s theory. Womb provides the most ideal environment and infrastructure for the development of the young during a specified period. It anticipates the deposition of male sperm, its fusion with female egg to form zygote and its further development into a foetus. Breasts develop in the females not for their own benefit but for the benefit of another individual (which in Darwinian terms, a competitor) – the baby. Meiosis is a mechanism designed to reduce the chromosome number in the cell to one half (from 2n to n) during gamete formation. The process is not an arbitrary one in the sense that it is not a simple reduction of the chromosome number to half; but the reduction is achieved through the separation of homologous chromosomes so that the resulting cells will have one of the chromosomes of each homologous pair. Fertilization brings together the male and female gametes restoring the cell chromosome number to 2n. Just look around; we will find in everything a design most appropriate to it to serve the purpose for which it was created. A perusal of the scientific literature will reveal this overwhelming truth in greater detail.

Quranic indicators of computer universe

There are several verses in the Quran, which point to a computerised set-up of the universe. These relate to the structural components, natural mechanisms and functioning of the universe, monitoring and real-time recording of the goings-on, testing of human beings, recording of the activities of each human individual, judgement of human beings based on individual dossiers, to cite but a few. Some of the relevant messages are given below.

“Glorify the name of your Guardian Lord, most high, who created and further gave order and proportion, who ordained laws and granted guidance.” (Q. 87:1-3).

“Verily your Lord is God who created the skies and the earth in six days and is firmly established on the Throne (of authority) regulating and governing all things….” (Q. 10:3).

“For to anything which We have willed, We only say the word, “be” and it comes into being”. (Q. 16:40).

“So He completed them as seven skies…and inspired in each sky its duty and command (instructions or programs)…” (Q. 41:12).

“This Our record speaks about you with truth, for all that you did were put on record by Us”. (Q. 45:29).

“Read your own record; sufficient are you this day to make out an account against you”. (Q. 17:14).

“With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none but He knows. He knows whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf falls without His knowledge. There is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a clear Record (Memory)”. (Q. 6:59).

These verses offer clear insight into the nature of functioning of the universe like a computer. The verses reveal to us that the universe is a self-regulated programmed system created by God. Divine commands (instructions or programs) are immanent in the living and non-living systems. Existence of mechanisms for real-time monitoring and recording of all that is happening in the universe further supports the computer model of the universe.

Computer model of the universe

Concepts, theoretical models, mechanical models, etc., are developed by man to improve his own comprehension of nature and natural phenomena. Nature herself offers several clues to man for modelling and making things useful to him. For instance, man got the idea of aviation technology from bird’s flight in air. Conversely, man also seeks to understand a natural phenomenon by comparing it with his own ‘creation’. A typical example is the comparison of human brain with a computer. The computer technology, particularly areas like artificial intelligence (AI) and neural networks, has also gained much from the knowledge of cybernetics of biological systems especially those relating to information processing in brain and transmission of nerve impulses.

Several such comparisons can be struck between natural and artificial (man-made) systems and components. The purpose of drawing these analogies here is not to make a comparison of the anatomical, morphological and/or functional superiority of one over the other, but to bring into focus a meaningful and comprehensible picture of natural system vis a vis its nearest artificial (man-made) counterpart. The level of sophistication of Allah’s organizational set-up that runs the whole universe is beyond human imagination and perception. But certainly in our computer technology is a miniature clue that can guide us to visualize the absolute realities.

For example, consider the expert system developed by Hal Lemmon in the USA for cotton management in large-scale farms [9]. The system called by the acronym, COMAX (Cotton Management Expert) is the first of its kind to be integrated with a simulation model for daily use in farm management. The program for the simulation of cotton crop growth and development integrated with Comax is Gossym. It can provide a complete simulation from seed germination to crop harvest on a computer within a few minutes. This expert system works as follows. Comax consists of a knowledge base, an inference engine, Gossym, a weather station and data (e.g., seeding rate, soil parameters, etc.). The knowledge base is a set of ‘if-then’ rules and facts. Each day the system automatically calls the weather station by telephone as it is driven by weather variables. The inference engine examines the rules and facts to decide what is to be done. It prepares data files accordingly to hypothesise the weather and also to hypothesise application of water and nitrogen. Then it calls Gossym which reads the data files prepared by the inference engine and simulates the growth of the cotton plant under the condition specified in those files. Results from the simulation (such as the day the simulated crop experiences water stress) are saved as facts in the knowledge base. If the recommendations of the Comax are carried out through a set of dedicated peripherals as and when the commands come, the cotton field will receive all the necessary inputs such as water, nutrients, etc., in right amounts and at right times. An observer who is unaware of the Comax behind the scene of events will be amazed at the seemingly independent and spontaneous way of functioning of the farm in a well co-ordinated manner for achieving its targeted goals. The functioning of the universe can also be viewed as programmed phenomenon directed towards achieving the objectives set by God. The whole universe may, therefore, be considered as divine computer system.

Basically a computer system consists of software and hardware components. In the computer jargon, the term ‘software’ describes the programs. A program is a set of instructions written in a suitable language in the proper sequence and is loaded into the memory of the computer for executing the task intended for. The software is thus the unseen component, which drives the computer to perform the task specified in it. The term ‘hardware’ describes all the visible components of a computer.

Supposition of the universe as divine computer system necessitates the existence of Divine Master Program (DMP). DMP is considered here as the cosmic software. For convenience in discussion, the DMP may be perceived as having composed of two subprograms namely, the abioprogram and the bioprogram [10]. The abioprogram (abiosoftware) determines abiogenesis (origin of the inanimate world) and the characteristic properties of the inanimate components. It thus forms the source of chemical information. The bioprogram (biosoftware) determines biogenesis (origin of living species) and the characteristic properties of the living matter. It thus represents the source of biological information.

Insofar as energy is information and the whole universe can be visualized as infinite number of information packets, the concept of memetics with required modifications can be readily applied to the computer model of the universe. The term “meme” was originally proposed by Richard Dawkins to mean “replicator” [11]. Memetics is a fast catching-up concept in epistemology with “meme” describing a piece of knowledge that is transmitted from one individual to another and gets replicated in the process [12]. In the cosmological context, memetics can be thought of as a separate science that describes the universe as divine information-laden system. With further development of the computer model of the universe, memetic science will find wider application in describing and explaining the various facets of the universe. “Meme” is used here not with the connotation of a “replicator” or with the other characteristics originally assigned to it. A Meme is defined here as a piece of divine information (energy) in the abiotic or biotic segment of the universe. The meme originating from abioprogram may be referred to as “abiomeme” and the meme derived from the bioprogram may be called “biomeme”. Accordingly abiomemetics (chemical information) forms the science of non-life and biomemetics (biological information) forms the science of life [13, 14].

Abioprogram – the divine source of chemical information

The Quran reveals to us that Allah’s instructions (programs) are immanent in the universal components: “So He completed them as seven skies…and inspired in each sky its duty and command…” (Q. 41:12). “And among His signs is this – the sky and earth stand by His command…” (Q. 30:25). The mode of behaviour and functioning of the component systems of the universe are, therefore, governed by these programs (divine instructions) encoded by their structures. The fundamental physical constituents of the universe are energy and space. For convenience in discussion and for a better understanding of the concepts proposed, the physical universe may be viewed from the level of atoms and molecules. Energy exists as matter and non-matter (e.g., electromagnetic radiation, heat, electrical, etc.) forms. In whatever form it exists, it has a structure. Each substance has an intrinsic chemical structure. This, in turn, confers specific properties to that material. Presently we know over one hundred and fifteen chemical elements (Table 1) with several atomic species (isotopes) for each of them. Each element has certain atomic structure, which determines its physical and chemical properties. These elements can combine in numerous combinations obeying certain specific rules to produce a wide variety of substances each with specific structure and properties. How does this happen? Are the elements intelligent entities to invent and decide their structures, properties and rules by themselves? This is one of the most fundamental aspects of the working of the universe that has not been and cannot be addressed in science. The rules that govern the formation of chemical structures as well as acquiring properties by them are prescribed and governed by the divine abioprogram. Similarly for non-matter forms (e.g., heat, electricity, etc.) of energy also, the abioprogram determines their nature of existence and behavioural pattern (properties). Various forms of energy can be conceived as embodiment of divine information in coded form. The abioprogram immanent in various matter and non-matter forms of energy can be therefore explained in terms of a structure-code concept. The atom is considered here as the basic unit of matter for illustrating this concept (Table 2). We may assume that the structure signifies a code ‘written’ in a special language like the symbolic language used in computer machines. This code (semantic content) is deciphered in terms of the abioprogram and the structure derives its properties. The Quranic message that God’s commands are built into the universal components (Q. 41:12) can be explained that way. Innumerable substances found in the universe owe their vastly diverse properties to their structures, which, in turn, are decided by the composition and arrangement of atoms. Structure at the level of a molecule (substance) is defined here as the totality of the elemental composition and arrangement of the atoms. In the structure-code concept, the elements form the alphabets (Table 1) and along with their arrangement through bonding, etc., the structure (comparable to a word) is formed. The structure so formed is a code that carries chemical information (Figure 1). The chemical information is deciphered in terms of its properties.

Table 1. Chemical elements that form the alphabets of abioprogram

Table 2. An illustration of the Abioprogram-based structure-code concept in acquiring properties of matter in comparison with the acquiring of meaning by a word in English language

Building block Unit Software Task
Alphabet Word English Meaning
Element Molecule Abioprogram Properties

A set of alphabets can carry meaning only if it is affiliated with a language. The meaning of a word depends on its alphabetic composition as well as the order in which they are arranged. Two words may be different in their alphabetic composition or in their arrangements. For instance, English words ‘nest’ and ‘sent’ have the same alphabets but different arrangements whereas the words ‘take’ and ‘buy’ are different in their alphabetic composition. Likewise, different chemical structures are formed based on the composition and arrangement of the atoms of the elements. The structures of n-butane and iso-butane have the same elements and same number of atoms with the chemical formula of C4H10; but the arrangement of the atoms is different in the two substances. These two structures correspond to English words ‘nest’ and ‘sent’. The chemical structures of water (H2O) and benzene (C6H6) are different in their elemental (alphabet) composition. They are comparable with English words ‘take’ and ‘buy’ (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Illustration of structure-code concept in relation to acquiring properties by substances based on the abioprogram

By this analogy, the phenomenon of how chemical structures (substances) derive their properties based on the divine program can be explained. Periodicity in the properties of elements which provide the basis for their classification (Periodic Table) and also for the prediction of properties of a hitherto unknown element; specificity in the change of properties of a substance with a change in structure, etc., are clearly the clauses of the abioprogram operating at different levels of structural hierarchy. Recognition of at least some of these rules is now helping us in the search for new compounds with specific properties. For instance, computer-aided molecular modelling (CAMM) has become a powerful tool for studying virtually any chemical structure. The method works on the reverse logic of structure-property relationships. In this case, we specify the properties; the computer will give us the structure of the molecule in return. Use of this technique in the search for new drugs has enabled the researchers to cut shot the long list of candidate molecules to a smaller number expected to have the required biological activity. In fact by studying the structure-property relationships, we are deciphering the abioprogram at various hierarchal levels of the universe. The chemical structure may be thus likened to a kind of algorithm conforming to abioprogram. The universe is therefore nothing but divine information-laden system (see also the post on energy and process of creation to understand what is energy and how God’s instructions are carried by it).

Bioprogram – the divine source of biological information

A living system (organism) is composed of non-living elements and structures (i.e., abiostructures). The properties of the abiostructures that make up the biosystem are therefore determined by the abioprogram. But what makes a biosystem behave differently from an abiosystem is the special program, the bioprogram stored in its cell. This program dictates which abiostructure of the system should come into action and when. This is similar to the functioning of our own computer machines. The hardware components of our computers are abiostructures and their properties are abioprogram-determined. But when a program is loaded into the machine and executed, these abiostructures take orders from the program and perform the task in accordance with the instructions in the sequence given in it.

Organism as natural biocomputer or biorobot

An organism is natural biocomputer or more precisely biorobot in view of the presence of sensors, etc., in the system. Cell, the basic unit of living system, is biochip (Figure 2). Typically the size of a cell is approximately 10-6 m (1µ) and mass, 5 x 10-9 g. A human individual is made up of 1014 cells, the result of approximately 50 cell divisions [4]. The structures in the cell (organelles and nuclear structures including DNA) constitute the hardware to execute the bioprogram stored in the memory, the chromosome. Since these structures are intended for the execution of the bioprogram, they are produced in the cell in accordance with the program.

At several places the Quran indicates rooh as the cause of life. This Arabic word may be considered to mean divine biosoftware. “When I have fashioned him (first man, Adam) and breathed into him from My rooh, you (angels) fall down in obeisance to him.” (Q. 15:29). This verse refers to the creation of Adam. After moulding him into shape from clay, God breathed rooh into the model creating Adam. It can be scientifically interpreted as, when Allah installed (breathed) the divine biosoftware (rooh) in the non-living clay model, it sprang to life (Adam). The term nafs is also used in several contexts to mean rooh. The Quran also reveals that it is removal (or in computer parlance, deletion) of nafs (biosoftware) that causes death (Q. 6:93). In other words, a dead body is like a computer without software.

The rooh is the bioprogram or biosoftware of an organism. Like computer program it is also non-physical or intangible (ghayb) to man. It is stored on a physical medium like the computer software. The chromosome (Figure 3) is the storage device or hard disk of the organism. Life can be defined as the manifestation of execution of bioprogram and death as deletion of the biosoftware from the biosystem. A dead body is like a computer without software (see also the post on phenomena of life and death). Computer, robot, toys, etc. that run on man-made software can be considered as forms of ‘artificial life’. Going by this definition, all things – the so-called living and non-living things – are living things as they are run on some kind of software. Three forms of life can thus be identified namely, a) the physical universe and its components, b) biological organisms and c) artificial forms. These three forms constitute the three known forms of life. Strictly speaking, nothing exists as ‘non-living’. Our distinction of living and non-living things is based on the type of divine software. We consider a thing as ‘non-living’ if it is run on abioprogram and we consider a thing ‘living’ if it is run on bioprogram. The term ‘non-living’ is a misnomer in computer concept. However we shall retain this term in the usual sense for convenience in discussion.

Divine governance of the universe

A schematic representation of the divine governance of the universe based on Quranic revelations is presented in Figure 4. The Quran provides a good account of Allah’s Kingdom and mode of control and regulation of the affairs from His abode. “Verily your Lord is God who created the skies and the earth in six days and is firmly established on the Throne (of authority) regulating and governing all things….” (Q. 10:3). “He rules (all) affairs from the sky to the earth; in the end all affairs will go up to Him on a day that is a thousand years of your (man’s) reckoning.” (Q. 32:5).

MENSAGEM CAPTADA NA TERRA VINDA DO ESPAÇO

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

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“Detectadas variações nas medições das condições físicas do seu sistema estelar. Idênticas às que eliminaram as formas de vida de dimensões desproporcionais no passado. Precisam providências urgentes. Uma espécie de cirurgia cerebral para absorver estas mudanças. Vosso cérebro atual sob evolução deveria estar reduzindo as estruturas abaixo do cortex, como os hemisférios direito e esquerdo. As sinapses se expandem e tendem a sedimentar novas estruturas acima do cortex, protuberancias biológicas, que mudam o formato da cabeça. Mas para isso ocorrer naturalmente, a Natureza deve dirigir a transformação do cérebro. Ela faz com que o hardware e software cerebral seja uma projeção exata, um template da forma do mundo. Vocês se desviaram desta Matrix Universal.”

“Comportamentos, hábitos de vida, e aumento do pêso dos elementos e forças do espaço pelas mudanças fisicas ambientais, estão interrompendo essa evolução. As mudanças astronomicas produzem as mudanças nos corpos vivos, assim as mudanças não deveriam eliminarem corpos vivos, tudo se desenvolver em sintonia, mas os hábitos alteram os corpos internos e da biosfera imediata, que sucumbem às mudanças estruturais do sistema astronomico”.
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Há 65 milhões de anos, os vicios dos dinossauros não evitaram sua extinção

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Fonte: oblogdosdinossauros.blogspot.com
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“Urge mudança de comportamentos para se sintonizar com as mudanças que estão vindo. Vocês tem que vencerem um vicio que produz êstes comportamentos errados. Um vicio alucinogenico que altera o normal desenvolvimento das sinapses pela avaria na forma como o cérebro é hard-wired. O desvio no hardware é devido a conexões diferentes das conexões dos elementos do mundo. A causa é o falso conhecimento, mesmo cientifico, a errônea interpretação do mundo. A interpretação dirige a forma e estado das conexões entre neuronios, entre informações assimiladas. Estas errôneas interpretações produziram uma malversação de inadequadas informações existentes no mundo que produziram uma equivocada tecnologia. Radiações dessa tecnologia adentram os cérebros e vossa biosfera, e distorcem o normal desenvolvimento dêstes elementos.”

” Êste vicio só é eliminado pela auto-cura do próprio cérebro. A autocura se processa pela eliminação de todos os softwares cujos diagramas imaginativos do mundo são criados dentro da espécie. As criaturas modelam por si seus códigos naturais, nada mais pode fazer isso por elas. Urge que se limpem de tôdas e quaisquer interpretações, crenças, para que as tendências das forças da Natureza faça a devida correção, enquanto ainda há tempo.”

” Sêres ingênuos! Vós tendes tido uma demonstração das dimensões do mundo, o qual se perde nas escuridões da infinidade. Porque então suas interpretações e suas crenças nelas?! Vosso pequenino cérebro não poderia jamais conhecer a Verdade. A cabeça, a mente, capaz de começar a entender as existências será a próxima forma transcendente da sua evolução, o mundo não tem o formato e substancias de vossa cabeça. Vossa auto-consciência ainda é apenas um embrião que existe a apenas a alguns minutos nos tempos do mundo. Vosso cérebro se pergunta: É possivel o mundo ter surgido do Nada? Vocês já sabem que não é possivel. Mas então é possível um mundo que nunca começou? Vocês tambem já sabem que isso é impossível. Porem o mundo têve um começo que não é como um começar. O mundo sempre exisitiu numa existência que não é sua existência. O vosso conhecimento atual não lhes permite imaginar outras alternativas, as quais serão descobertas pela sua futura forma. Vosso cérebro da forma que está jamais poderá conhecer e processar mentalmente a Verdade. Nós ainda não a conhecemos, mesmo com uma auto-consciência já vinda à luz.”

“Eliminem as imagens, os softwares mentais, de interpretações do mundo. Eliminem os deuses e os Big Bangs criados como fantasias dentro de sua embrionária auto-consciência. Àquêles que conhecerem esta mensagem, que dizem “não sei se é assim ou não, se existe ou não existe, se o caminho é êste ou aquêle”, à estas mentes que ainda permanecem livres da infecção e não foram condicionadas por doutrinas de interpretações do mundo, me dirijo: trabalhem com tôdas vossas energias, com todas as genialidades de vossa mente, com tôda dedicação, urgente, curando seus semelhantes, atacando o virus de qualquer interpretação e sua consequente doutrina. Assim a vossa autocura mudará os hardwares e softwares da espécie e que pela nova tecnologia mudarão o hardware da vossa biosfera, assim as fôrças das transformações do mundo não atropelarão as formas de vida que se estagnaram. Que sejam bem sucedidos!”

Nota dêste autor: “É real! Captei esta mensagem que soou no meu cérebro e dirigiu meus dedos a digitar isso. Não é novidade para os que me conhecem que minha imaginação vive voando no espaço a anos-luz daqui mas seja de lá onde estiver, ela continua falando ao meu cérebro e dirigindo meus dedos. Literalmente, a mensagem veio do espaço. Minha cabeça de filósofo vive no mundo da Lua, e de lá ela manda mensagens para mim aqui na Terra. Enganei um(a) bobo(a) na casca do ôvo…ki…ki…ki…

Ou será que não? Será que está mesmo errado tudo o que contem a mensagem? Ela está dizendo o seguinte: a cirurgia consertando o diagrama do nosso software mental dependerá de você começar por ti mesmo e reagindo com energia a tôda vez que alguem afirma com convicção algo que pertença aos invisiveis micro e macrocosmos alem das nossas percepções no nosso horizonte imediato. Quando por exemplo alguem diz: acredito em Deus, não acredito em Deus, isso é coisa do demonio, ou isso é devido ao Big Bang… Repare por exemplo que os livros do curriculum escolar estão sutilmente condicionando a mente do estudante numa doutrina. Qiando na aula o professor começar “Existe uma teoria, a do Big Bang que diz… e quando chega na metade da aula já está dizendo: “Então sabemos que as galaxias se formam e devido ao que aconteceu no Big Bang…”, voc6e interrompa com ve6emencia e corrija: “Mas se o Big Bang é uma teoria a formação das galaxias baseada numa teoria tambem é teoria, então como se pode afirmar que sabemos como as galaxias se formam?!” Corrija as doutrinas nas suas sutilezas. Por via das “duuuuviiidas”…, eu que já vinha agindo como manda a mensagem, vou continuar nêste caminho. E vou ter que mudar o que está escrito na introdução da minha homepage. A Interpretação do mundo na Teoria da Matrix/DNA tem o poder para minar tôdas as crenças em tôdas visões de mundo até agora imaginadas na Humanidade, e ela chega até perto das fronteiras do Universo mas aí ela para e não trata da verdade que se esconde alem, portanto não é uma cosmovisão, mas eu, nesta minha infancia mental ainda sou impulsivo e não me refreei quando alí escreví: “esta nova visão do mundo…”. Preciso correr a tirar isso de lá.”

Sistemas: Estudo do Processo da Sua Organização. Espontânea ou Voluntária?

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

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A ultima idéia da Ciência sôbre sõbre como o mundo material começou é de que havia um espaço vacuoso no qual havia ondas vibratórias. Se o vácuo era absoluto então era o NADA e como, de onde, surgiriam as vibrações, ninguém faz idéia, nas como temos uma necessidade dolorosa de saber a explicação da existência, tem muita gente se torturando poor causa destas vibrações, confirmando o dizer do profeta (acho que foi Santo Agostinho, não?) de que “o inferno foi criado para quem faz estas perguntas”.

Mas nosso outro problema infernal não se situa antes das origens da matéria mas sim como é que a matéria se organizou ( ou foi organizada) em sistemas funcionais, denotando pela primeira vez a existencia do principio que mais tarde evoluiria para o que denominamos “inteligencia”. Existe de alguma forma alguma inteligencia aplicada a uma massa uniforme, mesmo que seja constituída apenas de vórtices, particulas, ou átomos, para que ela se mexa ou seja mexida e se torne um grupo destas unidades, e grupos diferenciados entre si, grupos que se interagem, que se associam de uma maneira mais intima do que as unidades que continuam a flutuar ao léu da grande massa em que estão inseridas, e dessa associação formam algo separado do todo, como se estas unidades não estivessem satisfeitas com a existência e se decidissem criar outras maneiras de existir. Costumo prestar atenção no que está acontecendo no Cinturão de Belt, aquêle gigantesco anel de poeira, detritos , pedaços de rochas, que forma as fronterias ultimas do sistema solar, pois é uma idéia de como estaria o Universo formado por particulas e depois por átomos leves gasosos para ver se captamos aquelas unidades se aglomerando e formando algum tipo de sistema.

Nos infernos da vida humana são forjadas pelas torturas as teorias que são as planilhas dos planos, das estratégias, que nos possibilitam escapar dêstes infernos. No meu caso particular existindo no inferno selvagem da Amazônia forjei uma teoria: no vácio havia ou apareceu os raios de luz que contem as frequencias em períodos que são as responsáveis pelas tais vibrações e tambem pelo processo do ciclo vital que faz as unidades adquiriem formas diferentes adequadas, modeladas, por cada tipo de vibração e estas unidades tentam se comporem na mesma sequencia das intendsidades das vibrações da luz. A Luz seria uma Matrix e seria a fórmula na matéria inerte que a faz mover e se organizar em sistemas naturais. Com essa teoria, êsse plano, começo a fuga em direção à minha liberdade… agora vamos ver se o plano, a teoria, está certa e não quebro a cara, não me agarram de novo reconduzindo-me ao inferno de onde vou buscar outra teoria.

Mas antes de me lançar à fuga, de executar o plano, manda o bom senso que o teste antes. Inclusive nos testes a teoria pode ser melhorada. Os testes são o confronto do idealizado com os fatos reais. Para fazer os testes compilarei todos os fatos que puder relacionados aos destalhes da teoria, vou jogando-os ao léu aqui nesta pasta para quando tiver momentos livres volte aqui para analiza-los, confronta-los com a teoria.

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WIKIPEDIA : Procariotes >Sociality

While prokaryotes are still commonly imagined to be strictly unicellular, most are capable of forming stable aggregate communities. When such communities are encased in a stabilizing polymer matrix (“slime”), they may be called “biofilms”. Cells in biofilms often show distinct patterns of gene expression (phenotypic differentiation) in time and space. Also, as with multicellular eukaryotes, these changes in expression appear to often result from cell-to-cell signaling, a phenomenon known as quorum sensing.

Biofilms may be highly heterogeneous and structurally complex and may attach to solid surfaces, or exist at liquid-air interfaces, or potentially even liquid-liquid interfaces. Bacterial biofilms are often made up of microcolonies (approximately dome-shaped masses of bacteria and matrix) separated by “voids” through which the medium (e.g., water) may flow relatively uninhibited. The microcolonies may join together above the substratum to form a continuous layer, closing the network of channels separating microcolonies. This structural complexity — combined with observations that oxygen limitation (an ubiquitous challenge for anything growing in size beyond the scale of diffusion) is at least partially eased by movement of medium throughout the biofilm — has led some to speculate that this may constitute a circulatory system [12] and many researchers have started calling prokaryotic communities multicellular (for example [13]). Differential cell expression, collective behavior, signaling, programmed cell death, and (in some cases) discrete biological dispersal events all seem to point in this direction. However, these colonies are seldom if ever founded by a single founder (in the way that animals and plants are founded by single cells), which presents a number of theoretical issues. Most explanations of co-operation and the evolution of multicellularity have focused on high relatedness between members of a group (or colony, or whole organism). If a copy of a gene is present in all members of a group, behaviors that promote cooperation between members may permit those members to have (on average) greater fitness than a similar group of selfish individuals[14] (see inclusive fitness and Hamilton’s rule).

Should these instances of prokaryotic sociality prove to be the rule rather than the exception, it would have serious implications for the way we view prokaryotes in general and the way we deal with them in medicine. Bacterial biofilms may be 100 times more resistant to antibiotics than free-living unicells and may be nearly impossible to remove from surfaces once they have colonized them.[15] Other aspects of bacterial cooperation — such as bacterial conjugation and quorum-sensing-mediated pathogenicity — present additional challenges to researchers and medical professionals seeking to treat the associated diseases.

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http://pslc.ws/
POLYMER
http://pslc.ws/macrog/kidsmac/basics.htm
Polymer Science Learning Center

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Polymer Single a Very Large Molecule


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POLYMER

Poly- means “many” and -mer means “part” or “segment”.

Polymers are made up of many many molecules all strung together to form really long chains (and sometimes more complicated structures, too).

What makes polymers so fun is that how they act depends on what kinds of molecules they’re made up of and how they’re put together. The properties of anything made out of polymers really reflect what’s going on at the ultra-tiny (molecular) level. So, things that are made of polymers look, feel, and act depending on how their atoms and molecules are connected, as well as which ones we use to begin with! Some are rubbery, like a bouncy ball, some are sticky and gooey, and some are hard and tough, like a skateboard.

MONOMER
Mono means “one”. So, monomers are those itty bitty molecules that can join together to make a long polymer chain.
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Monomer This is a simple diagram of a chain of monomers.


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( Ver o resto desta matéria nêste site)

Como se Defender nas Críticas Destrutivas à Teoria da Matrix/DNA

domingo, janeiro 1st, 2012

1) CRANK:

From Wikipedia : Crank (person)

“Crank” is a pejorative term used for a person who unshakably holds a belief that most of his or her contemporaries consider to be false.[1] A crank belief is so wildly at variance with those commonly held as to be ludicrous to many. Cranks characteristically dismiss all evidence or arguments which contradict their own unconventional beliefs, making rational debate an often futile task; this is the essential defining characteristic of the crank: being impervious to facts, evidence, and rational inference. (Ver resto do artigo)

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Post:
http://www.physorg.com/news/2012-01-scientists-gear-picture-black-hole.html

HannesAlfven
10 hours ago

Rank: 1 / 5 (5)

Labeling everybody who disagrees with conventional wisdom as a “crank” represents a simplistic information filter. The problem of our era — the Information Age — is information overload. To excel in science, we must avoid the temptation to adopt simplistic information filters. In theory, the value of science is that all of our beliefs can be supported by arguments, observations and experimental data. Appeals to authority and ad hominem attacks are, in theory, irrelevant to this process. Those who look to these approaches to science — as opposed to attempting to create their own ideational fluency — will distract themselves into weak information filters. They will throw the baby out with the bathwater.

Simultaneously, those who are more concerned with fitting into a social fabric than tracking down truth in science will not care that they have done so.

This is how we can stall science. The social structure will then determine the results

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Consensus x Divergence – À Matrix/DNA convem consensus ou divergence? A cosmovisão oficial força um consenso ou o insconsciente coletivo conduz ao consenso?

Postado em : http://www.physorg.com/news/2012-01-scientists-gear-picture-black-hole.html

HannesAlfven
11 hours ago

Rank: 1 / 5 (5)

Research into creative problem-solving increasingly points to creative genius being a function of the breadth of ideational fluency. Genetics merely affects the chances of genius accidentally occurring. The bigger factor pertains to a person’s willingness to hear out competing views. Consensus-driven science undermines ideational fluency, insofar as it invites agreement, to the detriment of a fluency in divergent arguments and worldviews.

What we need instead of consensus is convergence. Convergence is not forced; it self-assembles. It also easily accommodates divergence from conventional wisdom, permitting a much wider breadth of conversation than we see with this existing attempt at a coherent cosmology.

Conventional theorists still imagine that their consensus is not the product of social forces. And yet, theories are the products of people. So long as they persist with such blatant denial, our attempts to explain nature will continue to be pathetic.