Archive for outubro 7th, 2012

Origens dos Nucleotideos e pista para “Mutações Dirigidas Pela Matrix/DNA”

domingo, outubro 7th, 2012

Baseado no video:

3 — 淺談生命的起源 (The origins of life made easy)

The origins of life made easy

Deparo-me aqui com uma importante descoberta. Veja a formula de adenine:

adenine

adenine

Fixe a vista na dupla ponte que é link entre os dois grupos, feita de C. Agora repare como a face esquerda se copiou igual na face direita. São exatamente duas v6ezes a formula da Matrix, superpostas. Mas repare que durante a cópia houve uma mutação. Se na face esquerda havia apenas uma sequencia N>HC>N and um link saindo de N para um H1, na segunda face foi copiada a mesma sequencia N>CH>N mas apareceu mais um C, lá em cima, o qual se apossou do link para H porem foi acrescentado mais im H e mais um N. Isto pode ser interpretado como êrro de cópia ou leitura, as quais produzem as mutações. Mas pode ser que não seja um êrro acidental, pode ser que o processo estava sendo dirigido pela Matrix. Isto tenho que pesquisar, na sequencia da evolução, a que propósito ou final resultado se destinava esta mutação.  Mas por enquanto voi estudar o fato visto no video a pergunta: De onde vieram os nucleotideos? onde hidrogen cyanide ( HCN) mais amonia (NH3) expelidos por vulcões formaram a adenina.

Minha questão postada no debate do Bill Nye: Certainly he knows the theory about “single cell organism’s from chemical reactions” from high school. If he is asking how life began is because he does not accept this theory. Why hydrogen cyanide separated from the Prussian blue and linked to ammonia for resulting in adenine if it never happens and any other situation? The theory suggests it was due pure chance, which is a hypothesis not falsiable. He is in his right.

Hydrogen cyanide (with the alternate archaic name of prussic acid) is an inorganic compound[6] with chemical formula HCN. It is a colorless, extremely poisonous liquid that boils slightly above room temperature at 26 °C (79 °F). Hydrogen cyanide is a linear molecule, with a triple bond between carbon and nitrogen. A minor tautomer of HCN is HNC, hydrogen isocyanide.

History of discovery

Hydrogen cyanide was first isolated from a blue pigment (Prussian blue) which had been known from 1704 but whose structure was unknown. It is now known to be a coordination polymer with a complex structure and an empirical formula of hydrated ferric ferrocyanide. In 1752, the French chemist Pierre Macquer made the important step of showing that Prussian blue could be converted to iron oxide plus a volatile component and that these could be used to reconstitute it. The new component was what we now know as hydrogen cyanide. Following Macquer’s lead, it was first isolated from Prussian blue in pure form and characterized about 1783 by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele, and was eventually given the German name Blausäure (lit. “Blue acid”) because of its acidic nature in water and its derivation from Prussian blue. In English it became known popularly as Prussic acid.

In 1787 the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet showed that Prussic acid did not contain oxygen, an important contribution to acid theory, which had hitherto postulated that acids must contain oxygen[8] (hence the name of oxygen itself, which is derived from Greek elements that mean “acid-former” and are likewisecalqued into German as Sauerstoff). In 1815 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac deduced Prussic acid’s chemical formula. The radical cyanide in hydrogen cyanide was given its name from the Greek word for blue, again owing to its derivation from Prussian blue.

Notar o  HCN como um H retirado de Fe ( o traço-ponte) e que HCN é o componente volatil, gasoso.