Archive for setembro 4th, 2017

Abelhas, sistema social e a formula da Matrix/DNA

segunda-feira, setembro 4th, 2017

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Incrivel como o sistema social das abelhas revela a formula da Mattrix/DNA. O fato do hive alimentar a que sera rainha com abundancia decorre da Funcao 7 quando fornece material em abubdancia para criar F1, que sera a rainha do sistema! Registrado aqui para entrar no capitulo relacionado do livro.

https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/6xvtf6/how_is_queen_bee_becoming_a_queen_bee_is_it/

How is queen bee becoming a queen bee ? Is it natural or is it acquired ? from askscience

[–]thatguybuster 15 pontos 

From Wikipedia :

“All bee larvae are fed some royal jelly for the first few days after hatching but only queen larvae are fed on it exclusively. As a result of the difference in diet, the queen will develop into a sexually mature female, unlike the worker bees. Queens are raised in specially constructed queen cells.”

Apparently there are already Queen larvae chosen from a previous queen from a hive.

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[–]natalieisnatty 14 pontos 

Any female bee can become a queen bee based on diet, so it is an acquired trait.

Extra information (aka me info-dumping on bees because I love them):

The way bee sexes work is that the queen can lay fertilized (two sets of chromosomes, one from her and one from a mate) and unfertilized (one set of chromosomes, only from the queen) eggs. The unfertilized eggs become male bees and the fertilized eggs become female bees.

The vast majority of fertilized eggs hatch into worker bees. They are female, but sterile and cannot usually produce eggs. However, if the worker bees decide that the hive is too crowded, or that their queen is sick, they will build a special place for her to lay an egg called the “queen cup.” It’s much larger than a normal honeycomb cell. She’ll lay a perfectly normal fertilized (female) egg in there and then forget about it. Then, once the egg hatches the worker bees feed it tons of food and royal jelly. The proteins in the royal jelly activate parts of the baby bee’s DNA that are normally suppressed, and she grows into a queen bee. She’s big, female, and fertile.

If the hive is too crowded, then the old queen bee will leave with a large portion of bees and start a new hive somewhere else before the young queen hatches. If the old queen is sick, then the worker bees will kill her before the young queen hatches. Queens never cohabitate.

Once the new queen emerges successfully, she’ll go on a “nuptial flight” where she meets drones and collects a lifetime supply of sperm. This takes a few days, and sometimes she gets eaten by a bird. This is the worst possible thing that can happen to her hive. Since they’re fresh out of eggs (from killing the old queen a few days ago) they can’t turn any new larvae into queens (a queen bee made in a normal cell, as opposed to a queen cup, is called an ‘emergency queen’). In this scenario, some worker bees will start laying eggs. However, since they’ve never mated, their eggs are unfertilized and hatch into drones. These drones fly off and (hopefully) propagate the hive’s DNA by mating with a queen. The rest of the hive dies :(

So, yeah! Royal jelly and lots of food is what makes a queen bee, not genetics. Royal jelly is a very complex mixture of protein and other molecules, so it’s hard to know exactly what part of it switches off the “worker genes” and turns on the “queen genes”.

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