Condenação de Albert Einstein sobre o atual Capitalismo?


Private capital tends to become concentrated in few hands, partly because of competition among the capitalists, and partly because technological development and the increasing division of labor encourage the formation of larger units of production at the expense of the smaller ones.

O capital privado tende a se concentrar em poucas mãos, parte por causa da competição entre os capitalistas, e parte porque o desenvolvimento tecnológico e a crescente divisão do trabalho encoraja a formação de grandes unidades de produção ‘as expensas das menores.

The result of these developments is an oligarchy of private capital the enormous power of which cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organized political society. This is true
since the members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties, largely financed or otherwise influenced by private capitalists who, for all practical
purposes, separate the electorate from the legislature. The consequence is that the representatives of the people do not in fact sufficiently protect the interests
of the underprivileged sections of the population. Moreover, under existing conditions, private capitalists inevitably control, directly or indirectly, the main sources
of information (press, radio, education). It is thus extremely difficult, and indeed in most cases quite impossible, for the individual citizen to come to objective
conclusions and to make intelligent use of his political rights.

Production is carried on for profit, not for use. There is no provision that all those able and willing to work will always be in a position to find employment;
an “army of unemployed” almost always exists. The worker is constantly in fear of losing his job. Since unemployed and poorly paid workers do not provide a profitable
market, the production of consumers’ goods is restricted, and great hardship is the consequence. Technological progress frequently results in more unemployment rather
than in an easing of the burden of work for all. The profit motive, in conjunction with competition among capitalists, is responsible for an instability in the accumulation
and utilization of capital which leads to increasingly severe depressions. Unlimited competition leads to a huge waste of labor, and to that crippling of the social
consciousness of individuals which I mentioned before.

This crippling of individuals I consider the worst evil of capitalism. Our whole educational system suffers from this evil. An exaggerated competitive attitude is inculcated
into the student, who is trained to worship acquisitive success as a preparation for his future career.
Albert Einstein

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Minha opinião:

Para mim vejo assim o sistema atual. Porem nada disso se compreende se não tiver em mente a causa primeira desse fenômeno, a qual, penso, são os instintos herdados dos ancestrais animais. Este sistema imita exatamente o sistema de divisão de poderes entre os animais visto na selva, poder dividido entre os grandes predadores, os médios predadores e as presas. Quem não aprova este sistema e tem vontade de muda-lo, não adianta atacar o comportamento final dos personagens, nunca se conseguira muda-los atacando-os. E preciso atacar a causa, os instintos psíquicos e para isto tem-se que estudar o fenômeno para buscar estrategias. Creio que com a evolução o humano tende cada vez mais a se separar do passado animal, porem a Natureza e’ lenta, ela opera numa escala de tempo astronômica, e nos, humanos operamos numa escala muito menor, por isto somos tendentes a desejar e acelerar os acontecimentos da evolução. O meio de acelerar isto e’ sempre mostrar, nas atitudes, o fundo dos instintos animalescos operando, o que faz o agente se sentir mal porque comparado a animal. A busca suprema, a solução, esta na exorcização destes instintos da psique primaria humana.

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