Lista de Obras Criticando Darwinism como Teoria da Evolução. ID

Eugene Koonin, THe Logic of Chance.
Surprising evolutionary reconstructions arising from the comparison of complete genomes leads to the question: Is there a tree of life–or a forest?

James Shapiro. Evolution: A view from the 21st Century
Shap[iro proposes an important new paradigm for understanding biological evolution. Shapiro demonstrates why traditional views of evolution are inadequate to explain the latest evidence, and presents a compelling alternative. His information- and systems-based approach integrates advances in symbiogenesis, epigenetics, and mobile genetic elements, and points toward an emerging synthesis of physical, information, and biological sciences.

Massimo Piglucci. Evolution – The Extended Synthesis
The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis is a provisional one subject to modification in the light of further discoveries in the field which are coming thick and fast.

Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, “What Darwin Got Wrong”
“We thought we’d best make clear from the outset, because our main contention in what follows will be that there is something wrong – quite possibly fatally wrong – with the theory of natural selection; and we are aware that, even among those who are not quite sure what it is, allegiance to Darwinism has become a litmus for deciding who does, and who does not, hold a `properly scientific’ world view.”
Their most persuasive, and engaging, criticism is that evolutionary theory is just tautological truisms and historical narratives of how creatures came to be. Natural selection as the driver of speciation has become decreasingly explanatory as research continues to appreciate the complexity of internal and external processes impinging on development.

Suzan Mazur, “the Altenberg 16: An Exposé of the Evolution Industry”
““Let’s begin with the facts: The days of evolutionary science being an exclusive old boys club are over” The scientific establishment has been somewhat scared of dealing rationally and openly with new evolutionary ideas because of its fear of the powerful creationist movement. {Why is creationism so powerful if evolutionists have all the scientific evidence to back them up?]

—Lynn Margulis, recipient of the US Presidential Medal for Science:
“And what Haldane, Fisher, Sewell Wright, Hardy, Weinberg, et al. did was invent. . . . The Anglophone tradition was taught. I was taught and so were my contemporaries. And so were the younger scientists. Evolution was defined as ‘changes in gene frequencies’ in natural populations. The accumulation of genetic mutations were touted to be enough to change one species to another. . . . No. It wasn’t dishonesty. I think it was wish fulfillment and social momentum. Assumptions, made but not verified, were taught as fact.”

S.N. Salthe, “Analysis and critique of the concept of Natural Selection”
“The Darwinian (Synthetic) theory of organic evolution, insofar as it is crucially driven by the concept of natural selection, is not suitable to be a part of Modernism’s creation myth…As to its ability to explain the evolution of organisms (as opposed to the evolution of gene systems), it has not, after some 60 years of development, delivered a very convincing mechanism.”

Carl WOese, ” A New Biology for a New Century”
Biology today is at a crossroads. The molecular paradigm, which so successfully guided the discipline throughout most of the 20th century, is no longer a reliable guide. Its vision of biology now realized, the molecular paradigm has run its course. Biology, therefore, has a choice to make, between the comfortable path of continuing to follow molecular biology’s lead or the more invigorating one of seeking a new and inspiring vision of the living world, one that addresses the major problems in biology that 20th century biology, molecular biology, could not handle and, so, avoided. The former course, though highly productive, is certain to turn biology into an engineering discipline. The latter holds the promise of making biology an even more fundamental science, one that, along with physics, probes and defines the nature of reality. This is a choice between a biology that solely does society’s bidding and a biology that is society’s teacher.

Stuart Newman ( professor of cell biology and anatomy at New York Medical College in Valhalla, NY)
“Unless the discourse around evolution is opened up to scientific perspectives beyond Darwinism, the education of generations to come is at risk of being sacrificed for the benefit of a dying theory.” He now has a theory about the origin of form of all 35 or so animal phyla – ”it happened abruptly” not gradually, roughly 600 million years ago via a “pattern language.”

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