Posts Tagged ‘Cometas’

Cometas e espermatozoides: o parentesco que o bloqueio mental moderno não permite ver

sexta-feira, agosto 24th, 2018

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Meu comentário postado no artigo abaixo, em 24/08/18:

How to explain this moving, falling, body, in an ecstatic picture? If not that this body has a proper propeller? Next to us, there is another moving body among ecstatic things: the spermatozoon going to an ovule. The modern occidental mindset has a mental wall which lead to prohibit these comparisons. That’s because they separates Cosmological Evolution apart from Biological Evolution. The result? Everything at Earth’s biosphere are product of the mystical magic absolute chance. The Matrix/DNA Theory, is the unique doing the opposite, with its astronomical models finding all evolutionary links between the two blocks of evolution, and building a new total different world view. Look to my avatar and see the position of comets at astronomical systems as the same position, shape, and function of spermatozoons at biological systems. Here, we are dealing with the spermatozoon self-propeller for to understanding the comet self-propeller. Astronomical systems are moved by electromagnetic and mechanics dynamics, but, they have already the principle of biological organization of matter, as a galactic cover, so, comets earns a new understanding, from a living being perspective.

https://plus.google.com/ – Anand Sankar – Space Exploration

Photo

Comet, Heart and Soul

Image Credit & Copyright: Juan Carlos Casado (TWAN, Earth and Stars)

Explanation: The greenish coma of comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner stands out at the left of this telephoto skyscape spanning over 10 degrees toward the northern constellations Cassiopeia and Perseus. Captured on August 17, the periodic comet is the known parent body of the upcoming Draconid meteor shower. Predicted to be at its brightest next month, the comet is actually in the foreground of the rich starfield, only about 4 light-minutes from our fair planet. Giacobini-Zinner should remain too faint for your eye to see though, like the colorful Heart and Soul nebulae near the center of the sensitive digital camera’s field of view. But the pair of open star clusters at the right, h and Chi Persei, could just be seen by the unaided eye from dark locations. The Heart and Soul nebulae with their own embedded clusters of young stars a million or so years old, are each over 200 light-years across and 6 to 7 thousand light-years away. They are part of a large, active star forming complex sprawling along the Perseus spiral arm of our Milky Way Galaxy. Also known as the Double Cluster, h and Chi Persei are located at about that same distance. Periodic Giacobini-Zinner was visited by a spacecraft from Earth when the repurposed International Cometary Explorer passed through its tail in September 1985

O que os Virus tem a verem com Pulsares e Cometas? Herança Genética?

quarta-feira, dezembro 3rd, 2014

A visão de mundo, ou a “cosmovisão”, denominada Matrix/DNA é o estado do ser pensante, como filósofo naturalista, em que todo fenômeno natural detectado, observado, leva imediatamente às perguntas: “De onde a Natureza obteve a “idéia” para fazer isto e justamente aqui, agora?! Onde estavam as forças, os elementos, os mecanismos e processos, que foram usados aqui para construir este fenômeno, em toda a História da Evolução Natural, Universal, nos nossos sistemas ancestrais atômicos e astronomicos? Porque?”

Este estado de ser pensante é baseado na “crença” de que não existe e nunca existiu mágicas ao menos neste universo material alcançavel pelos sensores dos nossos cérebros, nem mágicas de alguma divindade não-natural, nem mágicas de acidentes por acasos absolutos. Se existem tais coisas, elas atuaram antes e fora deste Universo. O Universo, ou melhor, a Natureza Universal, não pode criar novas informações vindas do Nada, portanto, tudo o que existe aqui foi feito com informações presentes nas origens deste Universo. Existe uma longa cadeia ou fluxo de causas, efeitos, que se tornam causas de novos efeitos, sem interferencias sobrenaturais, na qual vão entrando informações que estavam no ar disponiveis assim como existem os genes retrógrados que só entram em atividade depois que um corpo tem formada certa arquitetura, ou na qual as informações originais se fundem, se misturam, criando sub-informações, no que é conhecido como “fuzzy logics”.

Então, todo novo detalhe natural observado tem que ser esmiuçado no confronto com a História da Evolução Universal, tem-se que buscar suas antecessoras até chegar no Big Bang, nas ondas de luz codificadoras que resultam dos desmanches dos ex-machines vortices quanticos – os quais já possuem em si as sete forças brutas naturais e as propriedades vitais. Os quais foram os primeiros “genes” dentro deste Universo. Assim, neste universo-ovo está ocorrendo um mero processo de reprodução genética do sistema ex-machine que deflagrou o Big Bang, e nós, humanos, observando os passos desse desenvolvimento genético pensamos estar vendo “evolução”.

Esta crença intuitiva que vem inata desde a infancia em certo tipo de configuração das conexões neuroniais dentro de um cérebro humano, e que conduz um ser humano a ser inevitavelmente um filósofo naturalista, agnóstico, pode ser uma crença longe da Verdade Ultima e pode estar parcialmente ou toda errada. Se for assim, todo o castelo da matrix/DNA ruirá por Terra quando algum fato natural devidamente comprovado, derruba-la totalmente. Sabendo disso, e não sendo o supremo objetivo do filósofo provar que sua cosmovisão é melhor, mas sim não ser enganado nem por sua teoria predileta e sua obra, a meta suprema de buscar e encontrar a Verdade – ou provar que não existe uma Verdade Ultima – o próprio filósofo busca cuidadosamente o fato mortal que tiraria sua cosmovisão de seu caminho.

Voltando agora com os pés no chão e para o assunto inspirador deste artigo, vamos trazer para cá esta imagem:

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HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system (AIDS)

Isto aí são os virus da AIDS. De onde a Natureza obteve a idéia, os mecanismos, para fazer isto aqui?!Por que o faz, para que? Precisamos saber disto urgentemente, é uma questão de vida ou morte o maior conhecimento possivel destas criaturas, estas terroristas que ameaçam e torturam humanos até leva-los à morte. Penso que são nossos inimigos numero um, hoje. Meu sonho agora seria reunir recursos para ir à região do Rio Ébola com medidores “geiseres” porque a informação que tenho é que os virus vieram de morcegos. Então isto bate com a teoria da Matrix/DNA: deve ter caido algum fragmento de meteoro, de cometa, naquela região, que abriu uma cratera, que se tornou uma caverna que está sendo habitada por morcegos. Ali, no fundo daquela caverna, está o material que irradia emitindo sinais que penetram DNA’s de plantas ou animais fazendo expressar nestes DNA’s os genes que estão inertes na região do DNA-lixo, a qual é o registro de toda a história cosmológica antes das origens da vida, e cujos genes expressados e reunidos produzem os virus. Os morcegos seriam os originadores dos virus apenas de forma indireta. Mas se não for assim, senão tiver um meteórito por tras de cada virus na Terra, ainda assim a teoria continua de pé, pois ela diz que a Terra é bombardeada continuamente por bits-informações vindas da irradiações de astros, na forma de fótons ou outra particula elementar, os quais são informações que podem codificar moléculas viróticas.

Uma primeira olhada na imagem acima, passou-me a impressão que estava vendo o céu, alguma estranha galaxia com aqueles tipos de astros flutuando no espaço. A ausencia da gravidade espacial no meio liquido, e talvez a ação de sutis campos magnéticos destas criaturas biológicas seriam a causa dos astros-virus estarem mais próximos, mais amontodaos que os astros no céu. E isto me leva imediatamente ao modelo teórico cosmológico construído pela fórmula da Matrix/DNA. Neste modelo, pulsar é o nome que dei a astros na idade de planetas velhos locupletados fe gigantescos vulcões dos quais são emitidos lavas, magmas, que caem como bolotas chamejantes no espaço sideral, ou seja, os cometas nasciturnos que ainda não morreram por não terem atingido o seu alvo, o astro a ser fecundado. Daqui, deste passado, a Natureza tirou e evoluiu o mecanismo aplicado pelos virus. Desvendando suas origens, temos mais dados para nossa grande meta que é a de destruí-los antes que eles nos destruam. Os virus possuem aqueles “esporos” que atraem e são atraidos a certos receptores na superficie das células porque no Cosmos os vulcões são confeccionados para se conectarem à distancia com receptores no nucleo dos sistemas. Os virus expelem o material genético que está em seu nucleo central porque os vulcões ejetam o magma que vem do nucleo central dos astros. Estamos assistindo a nivel microscópico uma cena “fractal” de uma cena a nivel macrocósmico. Estamos assistindo aqui uma cena que é o futuro da cena do passado no Cosmos.  Nada de magicas nem de demonios criadores de virus para nos atormentar.

Que aconteça este fenomeno natural na Terra, é inevitavel. Faz parte das projeções de um corpo reprodutor para formar outro corpo que é sua reprodução. Sendo aqui o reprodutor este sistema astronomico que nos envolve e o corpo reproduzido os primeiros sistemas moleculares organicos. Mas isto não deve nos desanimar, devemos continuar a busca até o fim, desvendando cada vez mais o fenomeno a nivel cada vez mais microscópico, chegando ao nivel das forças naturais quase abstratas como são as força do magnetismo, nucleares fortes e fracas, etc. Deve existir uma maneira de ao menos desviar este fenomeno para longe de nossos corpos, ou tornar nossos corpos não-hospedeiros deste fenômeno. Afinal, até os virus podem se tornarem resistentes a forças que aplicamos neles e os aniquilamos antes. Tenho umas idéias para fazer isto, a nivel de identidade de sistemas, pois o sistema imunológico de defesa humano é uma reprodução da identidade circuital dos sistemas naturais.

Para se entender isto vamos trazer para cá, esta figura:

Matrix/DNA: O template para todos os sistemas naturais, de átomos a nucleotideos a galáxias e células. O circuíto energético padrão.

Matrix/DNA: O template para todos os sistemas naturais, de átomos a nucleotideos a galáxias e células. O circuíto energético padrão.

O primeiro ser realmente vivo, completo, foi a primeira célula, formada com um núcleo e todas as organelas. Mas de onde a Natureza tirou a “idéia” para fazer uma célula biológica pela primeira vez? Simples evolução universal: o building block sos sistemas astronômicos se “projetou” por inteiro, reproduzindo-se, assim como temos um filho, nosso corpo se projeta por inteiro, se reproduzindo. Vamos esquecer por ora os motivos que causaram a grande mutação em termos de tamanho, substancias, etc. , o que está explicado em outro capitulo. O período de mais ou menos 3 bilhões de anos que durou essa reprodução – desde as primeiras formações de moléculas até chegar à célula final – foi a embriogênese de um novo rebento astronomico, em dimensões microscópicas.

O building block dos sistemas astronômicos tinha sua “matriz genética”, a qual evoluiu para a forma do DNA biológico. Mas essa matriz não era como o DNA, um composto especifico que fica dentro da célula que contem as informações do inteiro sistema celular; ela era o sistema inteiro, assim ela continha todas as informações do sistema. Ela era mais externa que interna.

Aqui dentre os sistemas biológicos, os filhos são em tudo muito semelhantes aos pais, porque o DNA é transmitido de geração a geração encerrado dentro de um pacotinho cromossômico, o que evita bruscas mutações. Mas os building blocks astronômicos se fragmentam em seus bits-informação ( que é toda sua matéria e energia degradada) e não são ejetados cerrados dentro de algum envoltório fechado e sim são espalhados no espaço e em tempos na escala astronômica. Quando tais bits que eram vizinhos próximos no sistema astronomico se encontram na superfície de um astro em boas condições de cultura, eles se juntam na mesma sequencia que estavam e, às vezes, um pequeno pacote de bits já apresenta uma quase vida. Foi isso que fez um único ancestral se diversificar nas milhares ou milhões de espécies biológicas.  Até que finalmente todos os pacotinhos se juntaram num só corpo, e assim surgiu o primeiro sistema biológico completo, a tal da primeira célula.

Bem,… vemos na figura acima do building block astronomico que pulsares e cometas ocupam as posições F4 e F5. Mais tarde F4 foi a função que criou o sistema reprodutor masculino, e F5 a função que criou o espermatozoide. Portanto, os dois ligados ao sistema reprodutivo.

Quando comecei a estudar mais detalhadamente os vírus porque a formula da Matrix/DNA vinha sugerindo novas explicações para tudo que existe em Biologia, e virus – devido seu poder maligno mortal – é algo muito importante para se buscar conhece-los melhor, um primeiro fator me chamou atenção: eles não podem se reproduzirem sozinhos, precisando para isso da maquinaria reprodutora existente dentro de um sistema celular. Mas no momento que penetram uma célula, passam a reproduzirem desvairadamente, como se essa fosse a suprema função de sua existência. Ora… isso era justamente o que faria F4 e F5 na formula da Matrix/DNA. Então surgiu a forte suspeita que virus são pacotinhos genéticos incompletos semeados na superfície da Terra correspondentes aos trechos que vão de F4 a F5, os quais, no building block astronomico são pulsares e cometas.

Um detalhe interessante da Matrix/DNA é que uma função sistêmica universal parece-se com um artista ou trabalhador que seu estilo especifico, unico, de fazer seu trabalho, seja em qualquer ambiente e quais materiais estiverem disponíveis. Cada função sempre modela o seu “corpo”, a sua ferramenta material, da mesma forma, variando apenas em detalhes que não são possíveis manter o modelo original devido muitas diferenças no novo ambiente. Sendo assim, os virus teriam que ter uma forma semelhante ao do pulsar, pois a mesma função, a mesma artista modelou os dois. E quando bato o olho agora numa figura do virus da Aids imediatamente me lembro da forma do pulsar feita na minha figura. Aquelas extensões que mais parecem crateras no corpo do virus imitam exatamente os vulcões dos pulsares. É mais um indicio ( claro, nada mais que mais um indicio apenas) de que a fórmula da Matrix/DNA pode de fato existir e que está – do jeito que a calculei – bem próxima da fórmula real. Por isso vamos manter este registro para engrossar esta longa busca de mais dados sobre virus e pulsares…

Me surge agora a idéia de que uma coisa urgente a fazer aqui é tentar desvendar porque o virus desativa o sistema imunológico de defesa. Este sistema é imitação do circuito inteiro da fórmula, o qual produz a identidade do sistema, o qual deve controlar e manter o sistema existente, como no caso da Matrix fechada, nada de fora pode entrar, o que significaria a morte do sistema. Parece até o caso quando um casal se morre por amores e atração mutua que se fecham num quarto e deixam o mundo acabar lá fora. De dentro do quarto só vai saindo filhos. A casa, o sistema familiar se desorganiza todo. Parece que isto acontece quando a parte masculina representada pelo virus se encontra com a parte feminina que é o nucleo celular. A função masculina reprodutiva é na célula, feita pela mitocôndria, mas de alguma maneira o virus tira a mitocôndria para escanteio. Mas isso será mais uma pesquisa para quando tiver tempo…

 

Visita de Cometa ao Nosso Sistema Solar é Oportunidade para Repensar Nossas Origens

segunda-feira, outubro 20th, 2014

Comet makes rare close pass by Mars as spacecraft watch

http://news.yahoo.com/comet-makes-rare-close-pass-mars-spacecraft-watch-194444215.html

Yahoo: “Comets are believed to be frozen remnants left over from the formation of the solar system some 4.6 billion years ago.”

Matrix/DNA: ” This is the hypothesis in relation to the Academic Astronomic Nebular Model, is not thru in relation to Matrix/DNA astronomic model.  And I prefer the Matrix model here because I can’t see at the larger theoretical picture of stellar systems formation from the Nebular Theory how the initial cloud of gas/dust that makes stable bodies circling at regular orbits could produces a body that never stops moving and going outside the system.

Accordingly to Matrix/DNA model, comets are produced by olders planets with magma of emissions from giant volcanoes, planets becoming pulsars. So, comet Siding Spring didn’t comes from the Oort Cloud, only have passed through it, coming from outside this Solar System. 

The biggest problem for Academic Nebular theoretical model is the belief that life at Earth and biological evolution has nothing to see with our surroundings astronomical systems and cosmological evolution. The model has shared Universal Natural History into two separated blocks of histories without an evolutionary link between them. The Matrix/DNA model was calculated doing the reverse way, focusing upon the final product ( biological systems) and going back wards for calculating the initial creator ( an astronomical system). Doing that I have discovered that all life’s properties were there, 10 billions years ago, at its primitive states and shapes, hidden in these astronomical systems. So, the big boards we see here today, like sexual reproduction, metabolism, digestion, and till the formation of familiar systems, were not created by the stupid matter of this lost planet, but by the entire Cosmos. Comets, for instance, makes in the sky the same systemic function for creating seeds of new stars as makes spermatozoids here for creating germs of new biological creatures. Siding Spring is a kind of spermatozoon that did not fecundate the ovule ens then, will falling and moving till be totally fragmented. But… how and why a comet does not fall into any regular orbit around the big bodies like Mars? Because its nucleus has a magnetic field drawn for to be synchronized with the spiral lines of this galactic systems which pulls the comet towards its nucleus. When the comet goes out this trajectory it becomes uncontrolled till dying, as any non fecundating spermatozoon. At last, Matrix/DNA models does not needs magics from gods and absolute chances.

Mr. Flibble 4 minutes ago

Never seen so much gibberish purporting to be a viable hypothesis in my life.

Louis

Mr. Flibble: If my brain was hard-wired by the western modern world view I should think like you ( that the above hypothesis seems merely gibberish), so, as I know how yours brain was configured, I understand yours negative reaction. Adding to the big problem facing an alien world view,
the problem of non-native English language, and I understand you will not understand a bit of my hypothesis. Remember: between my hypothesis and yours hypothesis only more data and time will be the judge. I don’t know if the results of my own method of investigation are right, they are under testing against real facts. Another hypothesis are not authorities for testing it…

Mr. Flibble 2 minutes ago

Except that data already collected in no way supports anything of what you claim. You ask why the comet doesn’t “fall into any regular orbit”, well, what about all the scads of comets that are in nice, regular orbits? There are hundreds known. There is zero evidence whatsoever of cometary magnetic fields being drawn anywhere, and it’s not because we just can’t detect them.

Louis

Mr. Fibble: astronomical bodies like comets are under continuing changes ( at astronomical dimension of time, of course). Like we don’t have a fixed line separating the states and shapes of an adult and a kid human body, we don’t have fixed limits separating what astronomical body is at a determined shape. A comet recently falling from galactic magnetic field like Siding Spring is not like those remains of olders comets that “seems to us” to be in regular orbits. How much time have yours data for saying that they are under “astronomical regular orbits”?! If astronomical time necessary for establishing if any orbit is regular counts by millions of years? Which else proved real data do you have for debunking the Matrix/DNA astronomical model?

So, planets, stars, moons all of them have magnetic fields, but accordingly to the official academic model, comets does not have it?! Explains, please…

Mr. Flibble 22 minutes ago

Because they have no dense core of conductive material in motion. The only magnetic effects observed in comets are from positively ionized gases inducing faint magnetic fields when they approach the sun.

Louis

Even that yours informations are thru, they does not debunks Matrix/DNA hypothesis. But…First: Of course, comets are becoming olders, going into fragmentation, so, losing the initial magnetic field, and we does not know what is the real age of Siding Spring for establishing how is its magnetic field just now. Second: I don’t know when and how and which people got material from comets nucleus at its early stages ( or even at older shapes). If you have any link, I will appreciate it.Third: why not the motion of the comet through the sky could not be the projection of the inner motion of its own nucleus?

And please, think about this hypothesis: bodies moving in the sky can be under two drivers magnetic field: one from the stellar system and other from the galactic system. So, if a body shows incoherence of orbits in relation to the solar system it is crossing just now, it must be because it is driving by the hidden field of the galaxy…

But, if want to know the foundations of Matrix/DNA hypothesis you need see the Matrix/DNA formula for natural systems, and understanding that comets are about the systemic function number F5. If the model is right… the comets’ nucleus have big surprises waiting for us…related to biological systems. Surprises that will explains those organic molecules found at their fragments, the meteors…

Louis 4 minutes ago

Btw: To Mr. Flibble: I am very grateful that you are spending yours time talking with me here, because I need to know how other people think, it is very good for testing and pointing out new niches that I have not thought before. Thanks a lot…

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Capn 7 hours ago

If, in the course of a thousand or two thousand years, science arrives at the necessity of renewing its points of view, that will not mean that science is a liar. Science cannot lie, for it’s always striving, according to the momentary state of knowledge, to deduce what is true. When it makes a mistake, it does so in good faith. It’s Christianity that’s the liar. It’s in perpetual conflict with itself.

Louis

Capri, I think you have a good point, but listen the post from Kevin. Scientists needs never forget that all general theories changes overtime, so, our modern world view will change drastically, accordingly to real History of all general theories. There is just now a recently new born theoretical astronomical model suggesting a different interpretation of the systemic organization of astronomical bodies, so different as it was different the heliocentric and the geocentric astronomical models. The new model ( The Matrix/DNA Universal Formula for All Natural Systems and Life’s Cycles), suggests that this galaxy is covered by a primitive state of biological properties, hidden from our knowledge till today. So, even that the new model could be wrong, it works rationally, showing that we still can face big revolutions like that occurred when Copernicus announced the heliocentric model. What we are seeing as the beginnings of stars and black holes formations, are just the opposite, it is their ends… Really Science does not lies when referring the real collected proved data, but people working with scientific method always makes errors when interpreting those data and trying to see the big picture…

Mr. Flibble 14 minutes ago

Well, it’s not for others to spend their time debunking every hypothesis that pops up, it’s up to the person presenting it to create a model and then provide hard, demonstrable evidence for it. From what I can see, the “Matrix/DNA” model exists only on a website and in replies on comment boards. Terms like “systemic function number F5” are meaningless to virtually everyone.

Bodies moving in the sky are under one primary driver over anything else: gravity.

The Rosetta spacecraft is attempting to land a probe on a comet next month, I don’t expect it to find anything that isn’t what is already easily discernable through spectroscopic observation, but we’ll see!

Louis

Yes, I am also excited waiting for Rosetta news. Cheers…

Objeto no Espaço com Seis Caldas! Cometa, Asteroide ou Que? Primeira Sugestão da Matrix/DNA

sexta-feira, novembro 8th, 2013

Artigo publicado no site:

Bizarro Asteroide Tem Seis Caldas

http://misteriosdomundo.com/bizarro-asteroide-com-6-caudas-e-descoberto

P:2013 P5

 

A seguir na seção comentários postados naquele artigo, nossa participação:

 Louis Charles Morelli ·  Quem mais comentou · Queens
Acho que existe um jogo de campos magneticos no sistema solar que modela a direcao, separacao e estado dos dejetos de qualquer corpo em seu interior. O meu modelo astronomico esta me conduzindo a suspeita de que a luz (energia) emitida pelas estrelas seria refracao da luz inicial emitida pelo Big Bang, ou seja, seria a contra-mare, as ondas retornando ao centro do Universo. isto pode criar as faixas de orbitas dos planetas, cada qual dentro de um especifico estado vibratorio. Como meteoritos escapam de todas as faixas de onda e viajam entre elas, e ainda ejetam seus fragmentos, a coincidencia de seis caudas lembra a formula da Matrix/DNA para efeitos dos campos magneticos. Assunto que vou pesquisar se tiver tempo…

Wagner Exo · Seguir ·  Quem mais comentou · Escola Estadual Delano Brochado Adjuto

isso nao é asteroide e nem cometa nem aqui nem na china!! asteroides nao teem calda, muito menos calda com ejeçao, em outros estudos foi detectado que os jatos mudam de padrao, agora vir falar que o objeto começou a ter esse aspecto a 200 milhoes de anos atras é balela,,, como que uma coisa dessa poder ter material pra ficar ejetando material a tanto tempo,, ja que so agora foi detectado,,, quando nao se sabe o que ao certo muitos cientistas inventam suas teorias e a maioria vao atras, ao inves de pesquisar mais e ter bases concretas sobre o fenomeno!!!

Louis Charles Morelli ·  Quem mais comentou · Queens

Wagner, seu alerta critico é útil porque faz pessoas pensarem ao invés de apenas aceitarem. O objeto esta localizado no que denominam “cinturões de asteroides”, por isso, creio, a primeira hipótese é que ali tudo deve ser asteroide. Mas nossos poucos dados sobre o Sistema Solar, nossa incapacidade de sair dele e vê-lo de cima, nossos erros de perspectiva devido a relatividade do tempo e espaço, etc, nos debilita a capacidade de entender o Cosmos e por isso elaboramos teorias muito debeis ainda. Elas estão ai para serem testadas, corrigidas, melhoradas sob a luz de novos dados. Por exemplo eu elaborei um modelo astronômico, pelo qual, cometas devem serem produzidos por astros intermediários entre planetas e pulsares, os quis não existem no sistema solar. Mas o modelo sugere como e porque cometas podem viajar nos espaços entre sistemas estelares, então surge a possibilidade de que este objeto com seis caldas seja um cometa que veio de fora e chegou em nosso cinturão. Ao menos assim estou anunciando a possibilidade de que nem tudo no cinturão tem que ser asteroide, pois se algo vier de fora, primeiro cairá na orbita do cinturão. Que achas?

Origem da Vida pode ter vindo de Marte – Dr. Steven Benner

segunda-feira, setembro 23rd, 2013

(Artigo em construcao e pesquisa)

Steven Benner

Steven Benner

Lendo agora:

Alien Microbes in Comets? A Tempting Science

http://www.ffame.org/ATemptingScience/

Posted by  on 11 September 2013, 4:33 pm

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Earth life ‘may have come from Mars’

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23872765

The first question is, did life start out as RNA? If the answer is no — and some scientists believe that to be the case — then they have to grapple with a different set of challenges to explain the origin of life.

For scientists who do accept an RNA-based origin of life, however, they need to find chemistry to produce it. Dr. Benner has one hypothesis. If scientists don’t like it, then it’s up to them to find an alternative — which other scientists are indeed doing.

And if you accept Dr. Benner’s chemistry, then you have to find a place with oxygen and dry land where it can unfold. If the early Earth doesn’t meet those standards, then we have to look elsewhere.

“That’s the logic that drives you to Mars,” said Dr. Benner.

Dr. Hazen, for one, is taking Dr. Benner up on the challenge to find evidence to test our ideas about the origin of life. He is now studying 3.8-billion-year-old rocks from Greenland, inside which are boron-laden minerals. If the boron once existed as borate in deserts — something Dr. Hazen doubts — then it may have left some clues behind in the rocks.

“I want to prove myself wrong before somebody else does,” said Dr. Hazen.

If Dr. Hazen’s research bears fruit, then Dr. Benner will happily abandon the idea that our ancestors started out on the Red Planet. “Then I have all the deserts I need. I don’t have to go to Mars,” he said.

The atmosphere of early Mars also shows signs of having contained oxygen, enabling molybdate to form. With a supply of both borate and molybdate, Mars might have been a favorable place for RNA to emerge, and for life to start. A giant impact on the Red Planet could then have kicked up microbe-laden rocks, which later fell to Earth.

Just this June, some more evidence emerged that supports this idea. Studying a meteorite from Mars, scientists at the University of Hawaii reported that it contained high levels of boron, a component of borate.

 

XXXXXX

Pesquisa:

Borates are the name for a large number of boron-containing oxyanions. The term “borates” may also more loosely refer to chemical compounds which contain borate anions. Larger borates are composed of trigonal planar BO3 or tetrahedral BO4 structural units, joined together via shared oxygen atoms[1] and may be cyclic or linear in structure. Boron most often occurs in nature as borates, such as borate minerals and borosilicates.

Under acid conditions boric acid undergoes condensation reactions to form polymeric oxyanions:

Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5 , which is classed as a metalloid, is not found naturally on Earth. Boron is similar to carbon in its capability to form stable covalently bonded molecular networks. Because boron is produced entirely by cosmic ray spallation and not by stellar nucleosynthesis,[8] it is a low-abundance element in both the solar system and the Earth’s crust. Boron is concentrated on Earth by the water-solubility of its more common naturally occurring compounds, the borate minerals. These are mined industrially as evaporites, such as borax andkernite.

Electron shells of boron (2, 3)

An oxyanion or oxoanion is a chemical compound with the generic formula AxOyz (where A represents a chemical element and O represents an oxygen atom). Oxoanions are formed by a large majority of the chemical elements.[1] The formulae of simple oxoanions are determined by the octet rule. The structures of condensed oxoanions can be rationalized in terms of AOnpolyhedral units with sharing of corners or edges between polyhedra. The phosphate and polyphosphate esters AMPADP and ATP are important in biology.

Molybdate – Structure of molybdate

In chemistry a molybdate is a compound containing an oxoanion with molybdenum in its highest oxidation state of 6. Molybdenum can form a very large range of such oxoanions which can be discrete structures or polymeric extended structures, although the latter are only found in the solid state. Molybdate only forms in the presence of oxygen. The atmosphere of the early Earth appears to have been nearly oxygen-free

Molybdenum is a Group 6 chemical element with the symbol Mo and atomic number 42.  Molybdenum does not occur naturally as a free metal on Earth, but rather in various oxidation states in minerals. The free element, which is a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element. Molybdenum is the 54th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and the 25th most abundant element in the oceans, with an average of 10 parts per billion; it is the 42nd most abundant element in the Universe.

Electron shells of molybdenum (2, 8, 18, 13, 1)

Biochemistry[edit source | editbeta]

The most important role of the molybdenum in living organisms is as a metal heteroatom at the active site in certain enzymes.[54] In nitrogen fixation in certain bacteria, the nitrogenase enzyme, which is involved in the terminal step of reducing molecular nitrogen, usually contains molybdenum in the active site (though replacement of Mo with iron or vanadium is also known). The structure of the catalytic center of the enzyme is similar to that in iron-sulfur proteins: it incorporates a Fe4S3 and multiple MoFe3S3 clusters.[55]

In 2008, evidence was reported that a scarcity of molybdenum in the Earth’s early oceans was a limiting factor for nearly two billion years in the further evolution of eukaryotic life (which includes all plants and animals) as eukaryotes cannot fix nitrogen, and must therefore acquire most of their oxidized nitrogen suitable for making organic nitrogen compounds, or the organics themselves (like proteins) from prokaryotic bacteria.[56][57][58] The scarcity of molybdenum resulted from the relative lack of oxygen in the early ocean. Most molybdenum compounds have low solubility in water, but the molybdate ion MoO42− is soluble and forms when molybdenum-containing minerals are in contact with oxygen and water. Once oxygen made by early life appeared in seawater, it helped dissolve molybdenum into soluble molybdate from minerals on the sea bottom, making it available for the first time to nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and allowing them to provide more fixed usable nitrogen compounds for higher forms of life. In 2013, Steven Benner suggested it was possible that boron and molybdenum catalyzed the production of RNA on Mars with life being transported to Earth via a meteorite around 3 billion years ago.[59]

Skeletal structure of a molybdopterin with a single molybdenum atom bound to both of the thiolate groups

The molybdenum cofactor (pictured) is composed of a molybdenum-free organic complex called molybdopterin, which has bound an oxidized molybdenum atom through adjacent sulfur (or occasionally selenium) atoms.

Although oxygen once promoted nitrogen fixation via making molybdenum available in water, it also directly poisons nitrogenase enzymes. Thus, in Earth’s ancient history, after oxygen arrived in large quantities in Earth’s air and water, organisms that continued to fix nitrogen in aerobic conditions were required to isolate and protect their nitrogen-fixing enzymes in heterocysts, or similar structures protecting them from too much oxygen. This structural isolation of nitrogen fixation reactions from oxygen in aerobic organisms continues to the present.

Though molybdenum forms compounds with various organic molecules, including carbohydrates and amino acids, it is transported throughout the human body as MoO42−.[60] At least 50 molybdenum-containing enzymes were known by 2002, mostly in bacteria, and their number is increasing with every year;[61][62] those enzymes include aldehyde oxidasesulfite oxidase and xanthine oxidase.[5] In some animals, and in humans, the oxidation ofxanthine to uric acid, a process of purine catabolism, is catalyzed by xanthine oxidase, a molybdenum-containing enzyme. The activity of xanthine oxidase is directly proportional to the amount of molybdenum in the body. However, an extremely high concentration of molybdenum reverses the trend and can act as an inhibitor in both purine catabolism and other processes. Molybdenum concentrations also affect protein synthesismetabolism and growth.[60]

In animals and plants a tricyclic compound called molybdopterin (which, despite the name, contains no molybdenum) is reacted with molybdate to form a complete molybdenum-containing cofactor called molybdenum cofactor. Save for the phylogenetically-ancient molybdenum nitrogenases discussed above, which fix nitrogen in some bacteria and cyanobacteria, all molybdenum-using enzymes so far identified in nature use the molybdenum cofactor.[63] Molybdenum enzymes in plants and animals catalyze the oxidation and sometimes reduction of certain small molecules, as part of the regulation of nitrogensulfur and carbon cycles.[64]

Experimento Sugere Interação entre Cometas e Planetas Gerando Aminoácidos e Confirmando Previsão da Matrix/DNA Theory

terça-feira, setembro 17th, 2013
Ice-blasting test proves that comet impacts can spark life’s ingredients 
http://science.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/09/16/20528594-ice-blasting-test-proves-that-comet-impacts-can-spark-lifes-ingredients?d=1

Meus comentarios postados aqui:

  • comment author avatar Louis Charles Morelli

30 years ago was copyrighted a theory just saying: ” half of informations for new systems comes from F5 (comets) and the another half comes from the host (Earth). Nobody else published something connecting comets and origins of life at that time. The Theory, called “The Universal Matrix/DNA for Natural Systems and Life’s Cycles” shows the formula at its website. You can see at my avatar here how the formula works: look the internal circuit where, from the nude man is emited the spermatozoon towards the woman by the same process that from pulsars’s volcanoes at the right side emits comets towards the yellow colord vortex at the left side. And every day each new scientific discovery is proving the models of that theory. But its suggestions are totally different. For instance, there was no origins of life since that the ancestor and creator (building blocks of astronomical systems) of biological systems shows all biological properties. There are no division among natural systems as living systems and non-living systems. Pulsars and comets were ancestors of Y chromossome. And so on…

raymond-392453 commented 

Life is ubiquitously universal ! This proves it.

Louis Morelli replied 

IN REPLY TO: raymond-392453 #1  — If you understand life as biological system it is not universal. Universal is a natural system that began at the Big Bang in shape of quantum vortexes and evolved to atoms systems, stellar systems, galactic systems and here, into biological systems. Any atom heavier than carbon has hidden in it the seven properties of life, in shape of electromagnetic layers. When there are electrons occupying a layer, the atom expresses one property, while the other six are hidden. So, these atoms could be called “life”? Astronomical systems are described by Newtonian mechanics, we think they are mechanical systems, but, the resulted processes from internal interactions are equal the biological processes of life. (Ok, I am based in Matrix/DNA Theory models), and I could be wrong.

Danny McNeal commented 

Chemical mechanisms for the fusing of simple amino acids into long-chain nucleotides have classically been hard to hypothesize.

Louis Morelli replied 

IN REPLY TO: Danny McNeal #2 You said: fusing of simple amino acids into long-chain nucleotides have classically been hard to hypothesize.)

Amino acids into nucleotides?! I need some help here about chemistry. Amino acids are not fused into chain of proteins? And nucleotides fused into chain of RNA/DNA? I think they are two different things. By the way, the Matrix/DNA formula is suggesting that proteins are the biological representative of flows of energy/information running inside the systemic circuit, while nucleotides are biological representatives of bodies composing the system. The formula for natural system is composed of energy/information in shape of waves (which are related to time and processes) = proteins. And particles (the bodies), which are related to space/inertia. That’s the explanation for proteins and RNA having different formations.

Danny McNeal – replied 

El Profe:

So. spontaneous evolution could form the 3 billion units of specifically ordered biological information on the human DNA molocule? Get real… not even in the time span of a million universes.

Well that’s a hefty claim, which is fine provided you can actually back it up, and the burden of proof for your statement is on you. On what do you base this? (Most of us know better than to claim a negative, which cannot be proven. You can no more prove that human DNA could not possibly have evolved in 4.65 billion years of earth’s history than you could prove that pink polka-dotted unicorns don’t exist.) Meanwhile, scientists are making no claims of certainty, as you have just done, only honestly reporting that they see absolutely no evidence thus far that rules out the possibility of life spontaneously evolving, while hypothesizing and testing possibilities for how parts of that process may have occurred.

In terms of what is realistic, the vast majority of all evolutionary biologists, geophysicists, and other scientists whose areas of expertise touch upon these concepts identify absolutely nothing in the known laws of physics or statistics that lead them to believe that billions of years is an insufficient time period for human DNA to have evolved. And indeed, with each salient scientific discovery on these subjects, it seems ever less unlikely. It would be foolish and unscientific to categorically ignore that statistical trend.

Louis Morellireplied 

comment author avatar

  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Danny McNeal #2.3

You are almost right. Human DNA can be a result of 4 billion years of biological evolution which can be a result of variation, adaptation, natural selection and reproduction. But… if is there a hidden agent driven this evolution? And maybe it exists, as suggested in Matrix/DNA Theory. Who is the invisible agent? Merely the creator and host of organic matter and biological systems, inclusive the DNA. This hidden agent is this astronomical system and its Cosmological Evolution. Nucleotides are merely biological copies of building blocks of galaxies, which are half-mechanical/half biological. At my website you can see the pictures, side by side of a nucleotide and the astronomical building block. This invisible agent is driven this whole biosphere, created by him, for to be its copy, like at any process of reproduction. Human beings are going to be merely a piece of this mechanical/biological system, that’s is the explanation for we are going towards the Brave New World under the Big Queen, as already went the social systems of ants and bees. And the scientists are not seeing this visible agent that is surrounding us from all sides due Astronomy and Physics making the wrong cosmological model.

Flame77_7 commented 

comment author avatar

There is a lot of “Ifs” and “possible” with there experiments….. but hey will see where the experiment lead… The problem is the same  “debris” also “should” have struck Mars, Moon and other planets (as they mentioned in the article) but the crux is the “conditions” for life not the chemistry.   You can find the “essence” of base nucleatides “everywhere” but to “coax life” even impacts with the right ingredients would not be enough.

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Flame77_7 #5

but the crux is the “conditions” for life not the chemistry.   You can find the “essence” of base nucleatides “everywhere” but to “coax life” even impacts with the right ingredients would not be enough.

There are bits-information for formation of natural systems that resembles the galaxy everywhere inside this galaxy. This galaxy is a system attacked by entropy, so, any star (which has bits-information of the entire system) is radiating fragments of this system in shape of photons, which are bits-information and can work like genes if they meet at the surface of bodies that has conditions for them to join and trying to reproduce the galaxy. But these conditions are dependable of lots of circumstances. Matrix/DNA Theory models are suggesting that the ideal planet must be located in a solar region corresponding to a specific frequency of solar magnetosphere. The weird thing here is that there are possibilities for formation of systems that does not resemble ” life” as we know it, but this system could become intelligent also. Then, we must take the picture of the building block of astronomical systems (the picture is in Matrix/DNA website) and calculate all possibles shapes that they can evolve into. Maybe there are “living beings” made off iron, rubber, plastic, etc.

Moe Szyslak commented 

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One question :  Did the Ice cristals Have some form of Life from the Begining or was it totally without life of any kind , including adam , proton , neutron movement , which is a life in it self ?

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO:Moe Szyslak#6

” Did the Ice cristals Have some form of Life from the Begining?”

Yes Moe, they did. Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2), comprising two oxygen atoms bonded to a single carbon atom. It happens that carbon atom is the unique atom that mimics the building block of astronomical systems, which are the ancestors of the building blocks of RNA/DNA and aminoacids. The problem is that we understand as “life” the biological shape of that astronomical system. Biology is result of increasing a new state of matter – the liquid state (water) and then, emerging the organic chemistry. The ancestor in the sky was made with only two states of matter – solid and gaseous. Then, biological shape is a big mutation due different environment ( at Earth surface we have gravitational force) and different materials. There is no problem for Nature reducing a system of astronomical dimensions into a system of microscopic dimension, since Nature applies nanotechnology, like when it resumes an adult human being inside a microscopic genome. Carbon atom reproduces at atomic dimension the astronomical building block because both, have six elements that works as systemic functions. That’s why carbon was selected for being the foundation of organisms. But… everything I said is based in the models of Matrix/DNA Theory and it could be wrong… take care.

Here we are again commented 

comment author avatar

The problem is not going to be finding life. I think life is abundant, Every fifth star system will have a Goldilocks planets. The problem is Distance. Time. Space is too cast, the distance will stop us unless some great breakthrough comes along showing us how to warp space-time. We are doomed to be a one planet species until such time comes along. Oh how I wish it could be in my lifetime. Sigh. Is the next Einstein here currently?

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO:Here we are again#7

The problem is Distance

Maybe we will solve the problem of distance while you still being alive. The key is a better understanding about natural light. Our ship must be rocketed by something that mimics the sources of natural light. Any light wave expands forming at least seven different frequencies. But… it expands into space, there is no time in light wave expansion,, or at least, it is dispresible . At Matrix/DNA Theory I have discovered that any light wave  has the code that imprints life into inertial mass as the one that fits the space. Because the sequence of different vibrations, or frequencies, is the same sequence of a life cycle that transform our body into at least seven different shapes (blastula, fetus, baby, kid, teenager, etc.). So, if a star is at 200 light years from here, we need to calibrate the source/rocket that reduces a light year into one day and multiply it by 200… and our ship will be there inside 24 hours. How will be the source/rocket? We need to reproduce mechanically any natural source of light, like, for instance, stars. It will not be that difficult since that we are almost creating black holes inside those synchrotrons…and Matrix/DNA has the formula for doing it. (but, maybe the theory is wrong… take care.

a—rand commented 

comment author avatar

Amazing to what extent some people will go, to disapprove the existence of a higher power or intelligence.  No, I don’t think the earth was created in 6 days, but something somewhere was created from nothing.  NOTHING!  When something is made from nothing, it is called Creation.  Meditate on that concept for a while.

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

When something is made from nothing, it is called Creation

Something from nothing, accordingly L. Krauss, does not violates any laws of Physics, but Nature is not limited into matter organized by Physics laws. There are matter organized by biological laws also, which is one level more complex. At Matrix/DNA Theory the models are suggesting that this galaxy is covered by a layer of primitive biological organization that Physics can not grasp it. And must have the laws related to consciousness, also. I think that “something from nothing” violates the laws of rationality, which is related to coinsciousness.

You need to define what you understand by “creation”. Yours own body was made throughout an initial Big Bang ( if the observer was inside the egg when exploded the spermatozoon’s membrane). Nature does not play dice with us, so, the method it uses for creation here it must use everywhere. That’s why Nature makes you by triggering an initial “explosion/expansion” – Nature was made by the same process. So, if you understand the formation of your body as “creation”, no problem with that.

We know that before and beyond the egg that gave birth to you there were the parents ( the observer inside the system can not see them, because nobody inside a system can knows the truth about the system – a Godel’s theorem) like we can not know what was before this cosmological egg called Universe. But… the conclusion is clear: some kind of parents.

Yours parents did not used intelligence for doing you. It is all about natural, genetic process. At Matrix/DNA Theory we re-wrote the History of Universe and the final conclusion is that inside this Universe is occurring a process of genetic reproduction… of… the unknown natural system that was before the Big Bang. No problem if you want call it “God”. But…everything I said is based in a theory, which can be wrong…

Brisaberreplied 

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IN REPLY TO: danangel #9

Doesn’t say that this proves comets DID create the ingredients for life.  Only proves that they could have.  A common argument is that random physical events could not have created complex organic molecules.

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Brisaber #9.3

It is a random physic event that Marie meet John, but it is not a random physic event that they created a new life. It is enough that the “program” for creating life was, half inside John and half inside Marie. At Matrix/DNA Theory you can see the suggestion about how the program for doing amino acids was half inside the comet and half inside Earth’s matter.

Chuck-3538322 commented 

comment author avatar

The problems of primodial soups are big, but bigger yet is the infeasability of generating without supernatural input an enormous increase in complexity. A wide gulf separtes an aqueous solution containing a few amino acids from the simlest living cell.

Years ago, molecular biophysist Harold Morowitz calculated the size of this gulf. If one were to take the simplest living cell and break every chemical bond within it, the odds that the cell would reassemble under ideal natural coditions ( the best possible chemical environment) would be one chance in 10 to the 100 billionth power. Most of us cannot even begin to picture a speck of chance so remote. With ods so remote as 1 in 10 to the 100billionth power, the time scale issue becomes irrelevant. What does it matter if Earth has been around for ten seconds, ten thousand years or ten billion years?  If all the matter in the universe were converted into the building blocks of life, and if assembly of these building blocks were attempted once a microsecond for the entire age of the universe, then instead of the odds being one in 10 to the billionth power, they would be one in 10 to the 99,999,999,916 power… Some people will believe in anything as long as it is not the hand of God in creating all that surrounds you. Sad.

Louis Morelli replied 

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  • YOU

 The problems of primodial soups are big, but bigger yet is the infeasability of generating without supernatural input an enormous increase in complexity. A wide gulf separtes an aqueous solution containing a few amino acids from the simlest living cell

Chuck, there is the possibility that God is more intelligent, as such that He does not need going to each planet touching its matter with supernatural input for starting life. Cell system is the exactly copy of this astronomical system surrounding us. The primordial soup was being bombarded by sun’s light. But… before the formation of any astronomical system, the inertial mass of this space was bombarded by waves of light emitted by the Big Bang. Should be enough if God created light waves containing something like computational program under evolution. Then, the program was inserted into the whole space, creating atoms, systems, galactic systems, and emitted by stars like our Sun, creating biological systems, till, conscious systems. But… such God even did not need using intelligence for doing that, if such program was inside Him, like the genetic program that made you was inside your father. Nothing supernatural, everything natural. It is enough that such God is made off a substance: light. If you want to know how a cell system is the exactly copy of an astronomical system – like son and father – see both pictures at Matrix/DNA website. It is a theory, but it solves this problem, rationally.

JoeAllen commented 

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SCIENCE is, by definition, a body of knowledge that has been established by the SCIENTIFIC METHOD.

The following TWO BASIC HYPOTHESES of Darwinian Evolution have NOT yet been established by precise, repeatable experiments as demanded by the SCIENTIFIC METHOD:

HYPOTHESIS #1: Life-less matter with NO Genome, was somehow TRANSFORMED into a living single-cell organism with a Genome.*

HYPOTHESIS #2: Single-cell organisms somehow EVOLVED into a multi-celled organism.**

When these two Basic Hypotheses are established by means of the SCIENTIFIC METHOD, I will 100% accept Darwinian Evolution as SCIENCE.

 

——————————————————————–

* Nobel Laureate FRANCIS CRICK, the co-discoverer of DNA, after spending more than 40 years trying to prove this Hypothesis, eventually rejected it as … UTTERLY IMPOSSIBLE … !!!

 

** Nobel Laureate WERNER ARBER, a Swiss micro-biologist, has spent more than 50 years of his life, documenting the cumulative effects of MUTATIONS on thousands upon thousands of generations of single-cell organisms. Thus far, Werner Arber reports that he has found … NO MECHANISM … that would enable a single-cell organism to evolve into a multi-cell organism.

Louis Morelli replied 

comment author avatar

  • YOU

The following TWO BASIC HYPOTHESES of Darwinian Evolution have NOT yet been established by precise, repeatable experiments as demanded by the SCIENTIFIC METHOD:

It happens that Darwinian Evolution is not about universal evolution (it is biological evolution, a micro-cycle of universal evolution), and interactions between comets and planets is about cosmological evolution. Darwinian evolution has found only three variables (VSI = Variation,selection, inheritance), but, universal evolution has these three variables and more four variables – which has influenced biological evolution also.

” Life-less matter with NO Genome, was somehow TRANSFORMED into a living single-cell organism with a Genome.”

If you say that a single cell is life, you must say that the building block of this galaxy is life also, because all properties here are there also. And about genome, it is merely a pile of derived shapes of a unique system – encrypted into a base-pair of nucleotides. It happens that this same system exists at astronomical scales. So, portions of matter does not have “genome” but, astronomical system have it.

The evolution from a single-cell organism into a multi-celled organism happens by the mechanism of quorum sensing. A large population of single-cells attached as the marine corals has the tendency to self-organize by the same template that was organized one individual. It happened when the primordial nebulae composed solely by atoms became stellar systems. See Matrix/DNA models and you have more information.

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Michael (Astronomy.FM) replied 

And the scientists are not seeing this visible agent that is surrounding us from all sides due Astronomy and Physics making the wrong cosmological model.

Translation:  “Hey, lookee here!  With this magic wand I can see things that are invisible to science!”

Reaction:  “Poppycock and balderdash.”

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

Michael, magical wand is being applied by you, as astronomer, through mechanical sensors connected to a electromechanical brain, elaborating cosmological theories from computer simulations. The final conclusion of yours is that randomness is magical, able to create things like the genetic code, and the Nothing is magical, able to create something. What is the difference from the magical gods of creationists?

I have no magical wand, I have a real human scientific method, which is keeping a biological brain when analysing the data got by mechanical sensors, putting them under the scrutiny of human reasoning. My method is simple: comparative anatomy between living and non-living systems, the ancient method that began this enterprise called Human Science. But… human consciousness still is a baby (it can not open its own eyes for to see its own body, yet) and every baby translates the real phenomena that they are seeing into fantasies, maybe because they does not have a rational method. So, I am aware that my theoretical astronomical models must have some kind of fantasy, although I am trying to clean them when applying a rational method. Yours model has as the best representative a man that lost his natural sensors, they does not works anymore, he is connected to a computer, which sensors are mechanics, the data are analysed by computational simulations, so, the electromechanical brain is modelling the biological brain for to be a mechanical brain also, when interpreting the invisible dimensions at micro and macro scales. The final result is that yours theoretical Universal History is the same history of man made machines, beginning with the motor explosion in a big, big bang! Wake up man, while you have time. We need a universal history, the meaning of life and our existence, from a humanistic view point, narrated by our Reason.  Astronomers today are getting the Stephen Hawking disease. By the way, it is theory against theory, and since one can not debunks the other, only time wil be the final judge.

Ferrosynthesis-3490482r

“Attacked by entropy”  What does that mean?”

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Ferrosynthesis-3490482 #5.4

What means “attacked by entropy”? First of all, you need remember that all of us here are talking about theories, each one trying to reach the final correct interpretation from the results of this experiment. But… thermodynamics is a theory also, since that it relates to natural systems, and nobody knows a real closed and complete natural system. My method has suggested a theoretical model of natural closed system, I am based upon it, because it has made right predictions and is rational, accordingly to my still infant and non-complete reasoning. I got this model of closed system when trying comparative anatomy between the data we have about this galactic system and the data we have about the nowadays results of its evolution, which is the cell system. This method draw a picture of an intermediary system between Milk Way and cells, which should be the missing evolutionary link. It happens that the picture reveals a complete working closed system, at astronomical level. My conclusion is that it in fact exists and is a kind of building block of astronomical systems. Then, calculating how this astronomical system was transformed into a cell system, the explanation is entropy. But… entropy of closed system is not like the third thermodynamic law, which is based into opened systems. Entropy of closed systems is internalized, something like when yours own body reach the final energy grow at 16 years old and begins to decrease. Informations from the periphery of yours body are driven into a small, microscope, copy of yours, called spermatozoon. The configuration of a astronomical building block is the same configuration of a DNA building block. Then, biological systems that emerged here are results from entropy acting over this galactic system. Also, pieces of comets falling over Earth surface means events of chaos, not order, which means the presence of entropy. The risen of amino acids means that from chaos is emerging a flow of order. But… still it is a theory, 30 years under testing against every new scientific discovery, and it could be wrong.

Brisaberreplied 

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My post was more directed at danangel, who was not satisifed with the title of the article.  I merely pointed out that the title was appropriate.  In my mind there is no doubt that comets were involved in biogensis of life on earth, both as a means of delivering materials and delivering energy.

As for some metaphysical matrix mumbo-jumbo, it’s not needed.  There is plenty of opportunity within the normal physical universe for things to happen randomly with astonishing results.  There is no need to rely on “hidden agents” or “unknown natural systems” that predate the big bang.  You can look all you want for some deeper meaning, but science is the study of the observable physical universe, not the metaphysical.

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Brisaber #9.6  –  You made a good point remembering to danangel that the title refers to proving the existence of a natural mechanism, does not prove that this mechanism was applied with comets. And I merely pointed out that yours saying “a  common argument is that random physical events could not have created complex organic molecules” suggests that this experiment proves that this argument is wrong. Nope. From these amino acids to the very complexes molecules of life there is an astronomical distance. If you want to fulfill this astronomical distance with your mumbo-jumbo magical randomness producing events that reaches the complex molecules as DNA, feel free for doing it. We will talk when you finally will prove it in the next 3,5 billion years. The program inside John and Marie are not metaphysical mumbo jumbo and they are not unknown natural system, so, it is rational that one use them trying to explain the origins of life. But, yours  sequence of random events as the creator of DNA, this is purely metaphysical, since that it is.not falsiable and never will be. But… I don’t worry about, it is theory against theory, nothing else…

Danny McNealreplied 

comment author avatar
MUITO BOM POST! 

Atom Balm:

In reply to: Danny McNeal #1.5also, isn’t there a difference between evolution and abiogenesis?

Well, it depends on how you define your scope. The comment left by jock59801 immediately below yours is correct in that “BIOLOGICAL evolution and abiogenesis are two completely different things”—that the evolution of living organisms, which are already arbitrarily defined by us to be “living,” is distinct from the question of how PRE-biotic building blocks actually assembled into self-replicating living systems. Abiogenesis is just one hypothesis for how this may have taken place. The term “evolution” can, however, and often is in the scientific literature and professional journals defined with a wider scope, which encompasses not only biological evolution but the evolution of pre-biotic building blocks across the arbitrary threshold of inanimate/animate, as well as the evolution of the physical conditions in which the laws of chemistry and physics play out among these building blocks. When evolution is defined this expansively, it is better thought of as the study of the principles of self-organization on all levels of matter and energy.

To define the term “evolution” expansively is necessary when scientists probe questions such as, “What is the range of conditions which a planet, a planet’s host solar system, and even a solar system’s host galaxy must evolve to in order to allow for pre-biotic building blocks to cross the arbitrary threshold into what we call life, not to mention the range of conditions which must be evolved for BIOLOGICAL evolution to take place.” Doing so takes account of the fact that, in the strictist terms, the earth gave birth to us, but only with the help of key characteristics of the solar system, such as the stabilizing influence of the moon on the precession of Earth’s axis of rotation and the gravitational influence of Jupiter that reduced the rate of cometary/asteroidal bombardment of the earth dramatically, as well as the help of key characteristics of our host galaxy, such as the organization of regions of low radiation flux, stable solar system orbit around the galactic core, etc.

Ultimately, my comment to BannedForLife above was in response to his/her use of the term “evolution” to encompass the process of pre-biotic precursors self-organizing through the laws of chemistry and physics over time. Since I had no way of knowing how expansively s/he was defining the term “evolution,” I just ran with it…

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: Danny McNeal #1.20

Very well said. You have the ability to put the right words at right place. Sometimes I think that the relation between this galaxy and us is equal the relation between us and the 80 or 90% of cells that inhabit our body but does not belong to us. These tiny bacterias are totally dependable of the internal conditions and structure of human bodies, so, we are dependable of the right equilibrium of this galaxy and its structure. Do you think a billion year ahead these bacterias inside our body will evolve to insects, reptiles, mammalians, monkeys and microscope humans? Certainly no, because our body is different from galaxies and should drive their evolution to another shapes. What matter here is that we have a situation where it is clear that an invisible agent (to bacterias as observer in their little world) also drives evolution. Then, evolution is not a blind force, neither natural selection is merely a logistic that results from random events. It suggests that there is an agent behind natural selection. For our intern bacterias the agent is the human body, for us in this planet (as observer at our little planet) it is the galaxy… It is the Matrix/DNA and when I talk about it some people says that the Matrix is metaphysical… Only food for thought… Am I wrong? Where?!

dbarakreplied 

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IN REPLY TO: Brisaber #2.5  Guys like that like to twist words and facts and concepts to their own side of an argument, even when they KNOW they’re being disingenuous. Even if they truly believe their position, they’ll lie to promote it. It’s the same in politics, conservative and liberal.

Louis Morellireplied 

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  • YOU

IN REPLY TO: dbarak #2.11  You are right. Steeling balls into blocks of ice with a glorified BB gun is news to be explored at exhaustion by believers in the theory that from nothing comes something and believers that the existence of life is a marvellous trick of Nature, since that if not collisions between comets and planets never would be life. These guys are not able to rationalize anymore that something from nothing is a metaphysical idea, and are not able to ask themselves why, hells, just happened that comets have ammonium hydroxide and methanol and planets have pristine water and carbon dioxide ice for such perfect marriage generating building blocks of life. I thought about, I made this question to myself 35 years ago when my hobby was calculating cosmological models that could produce life as it is here and the best model is designed here at my avatar. See there which are the mechanisms that give origins to comets,the mechanisms that drives comets towards planets and the composition of comets containing half information for creating biological systems. If you want understanding it, you need go to the Matrix/DNA website, which was copyrighted long time ago. There are several holes in the theory and yours contribution or yours prove against it will be welcome.

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Post For Los Angeles Times:

http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-comet-impact-life-20130916,0,4729019.story

At my avatar here you can see this mechanisms discovered now, how and why it works (comets emitted by pulsars towards the nucleus in analogy  of a spermatosoon emitted by a human male towards the pregnant woman. This mechanism is part of Matrix/DNA Theory copyrighted about 30 years ago, when nobody was thinking about such possibility. This news is more evidence and right prevision of this theory.

It is not  a random event that ammonium hydroxide and methanol from comets are complementary with pristine water and carbon dioxide ice from planets for producing building blocks of life. Like it is not merely coincidense that planets have the shape of eggs and comets the shape of spermatozoons: the offspring repeat the shapes of their creator. Then, the mechanisms that produces life at planets are ancestors of the mechanisms that produces human babies. Biological systems (aka “life”) are merely effects of reproduction of astronomical systems.  So, it is not a weird idea that comets hitting planets could produce amino acids, it is result of an unique universal evolutionary lineage of a unique natural system that began at the Big Bang.

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Posts nos Artigos em Portugues:

http://misteriosdomundo.com/criatura-engrenagens-pernas-descoberta

Louis Charles Morelli ·  Quem mais comentou · Queens

De onde a Natureza ou este inseto obteve recursos para construir esta engenharia se ambos são considerados não inteligentes?! No meu avatar ao lado está a explicação. Foi pela observação de milhares de fenômenos assim curiosos na selva amazônica que me levou a elaborar a Teoria da Matrix/DNA a qual sugere sempre explicações jamais pensadas antes. Todas as partes desta engrenagem e os mecanismos de impulso já existiam na Natureza antes das origens da vida, em qualquer dos antigos sistemas naturais, como átomos e galaxias. Por exemplo, a engrenagem com rodas dentadas. No núcleo galático existe um turbilhão espiralado na forma de cone e sua existência vem dos primórdios do Universo quando vórtices quânticos com sentidos contrários se ligavam formando partículas cônicas. Separando-se o cone verticalmente obtém-se duas metades cada qual contendo a meia parte de cada linha magnética, assim como duas partes de um zipper. Esta operação foi imitada ao surgir o DNA, formado por duas partes “dentadas”,porque tendo sido esta galaxia que produziu os sistemas biológicos aqui, suas características foram transmitidas aos nossos corpos. Tal criatura, tal criador. Depois repetiu-se no flagelo bacteriano. E os insetos nada mais fizeram que expressar os seus genes que tinham informação em potencial para essa maquinaria, devido alguma necessidade de sobrevivência. Também o impulso espontâneo já existia, basta lembrar dos vulcões emitindo magma, ou prótons emitindo píon. Esse inteiro fenômeno é visível na formula da Matrix/DNA e, a formula que a Natureza tem usado quando produz uma nova forma do sistema universal que vem desde o Big Bang, a qual está no meu website. Toda essa engrenagem foi descrita a 30 anos atras quando entrei com o registro para copyright. Mais uma vez nossas previsões se confirmam. Veja mais explicações no debate que se segue ao artigo na NBC NEWS, “Ice-blasting test proves that comet impacts can spark life’s ingredients”

Sérgio Pereira · Auxiliar Administrativo na empresa Prefeitura de São Vicente

A ciência cada vez mais mostrando evidências de projeto (Design Inteligente) nas plantas e animais. Isso não surgiu do acaso ou de um processo não-direcionado (seleção natural) de milhões e milhões de anos. Porém, alguma mentes obtusas não querem ver. O pior cego é aquele que não quer ver.

Louis Charles Morelli ·  Quem mais comentou · Queens

Mas também manter a mente no estado infantil quando se avança para a idade adulta não é aconselhável. Crianças fantasiam a realidade, falam com amigos invisíveis. Da mesma forma essa auto-consciência que surgiu na Terra ainda ontem em termos de tempo cosmológico ainda esta na sua infância por isto é natural que elabore construções fantasiosas como as religiões misticas e veja fantasmas inteligentes em fenômenos naturais facilmente explicados pela Natureza depois que o conhecimento racional observa e estuda o fenômeno. Veja a explicação de onde vem as origens desta maquinaria no meu post acima ou no meu website. No próprio avatar ao lado feito a 30 anos atras podes ver o mecanismo funcionando. A visão de mundo da Matrix/DNA não descarta a possibilidade de que antes e alem do Universo exista um sistema natural consciente e inteligente criador de universos e tudo que neles estão, porem como tudo aqui dentro foi explicado numa simples linha logica de causas e efeitos sem a necessidade de interferência de nenhuma inteligencia. A mamãe girafa produz uma girafinha, uma obra de extraordinária engenharia, sem usar nenhuma inteligencia. Assim tem sido tudo o que a Natureza tem feito. A auto-consciência de quem quer estudar pode agora dar o salto evolutivo e sair do estagio infantil. Concordo também que a ação de ateus no meio intelectual e cientifico revela imaturidade mental, ao criar acasos mágicos e absolutos que não estão presentes na linhagem evolucionaria descoberta pela Matrix/DNA. Temos nosso cérebro ainda muito pequenino, a imensidão e idade deste mundo é inimaginável,e isso aconselha a manter-mos a mente aberta a todas as possibilidades e continuar buscando respostas, amadurecendo. Não existem certezas para eliminar nossos deuses, porem devemos observar imensidão deste mundo para deixar de reduzir os deuses a nossas ínfimas dimensões, devemos restaurar os deuses a grandeza que eles merecem.
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No Los Angeles Times
rRuhling at 7:56 PM September 16, 2013

Baloney! I have three degrees in science, including one in chemistry. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics says the energy systems of the universe  run down unless acted upon by an outside force. To think that life “could” come as they hypothesize, is utter nonsense, “like a jumbo jet from an explosion in a junk yard, as one scientist put it in TIME magazine some years ago. For a really good website on the facts of life vs evolution, I recommend this website– http://pathlights.com/ce_encyclopedia/creation-encyclopediaTOC.html

Louis Morelli at 6:17 PM September 20, 2013   Change your avatarThe 2nd law of thermodynamics is theory and is not complete since nobody never saw a closed system and does not know how it works. But, life couldn’t come as they hypothesize also, since that there is no knowledge about this galactic system that produced “life”. And the word “life” makes no sense if we don’t call the ancestors natural systems (atoms, galaxies) as life also. We have discovered that impacts into dry ice by bodies with carbon dioxide and methnol can creates some aminoacids, that’s it. Everything else is speculation and interpretations driven by privates world views. The Matrix/DNA Theory’s models suggested 30 years ago that comets are agents acting for biological systems formation and suggested other kind of mechanism, but, it is theoretical also. We have no other alternative than search more and more.

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Tiras da noticia:

–  “This process demonstrates a very simple mechanism whereby we can go from a mix of simple molecules, such as water and carbon dioxide ice, to a more complicated molecule, such as an amino acid,” the University of Kent’s Mark Price, one of the leaders of the experiment, said in a news release. “This is the first step toward life. The next step is to work out how to go from an amino acid to even more complex molecules such as proteins.”

–  ammonium hydroxide and methanol, two key compounds found in comets.

 the team found several amino acids in the goop, including glycine, norvaline, alanine and isovaline. No amino acids were found in the control ice. That suggested that the cometary chemicals were key to the reaction

– Goldman and their colleagues mixed up a batch of pristine water and carbon dioxide ice 

Ok. Entao os materiais que foram misturados (do cometa mais da Terra) foram: pristine water, carbon dioxide ice, ammonium hydroxide, methanol.

– That suggested that the cometary chemicals were key to the reaction

 “the catch is that these building blocks need the right conditions in order for life to flourish.”

– “This increases the chances of life originating and being widespread throughout our solar system,”

 “As this new work shows, amino acids, once formed, are relatively stable to further degradation,” Benner told NBC News in an email. “This is unlike ribose, for example, which is part of a genetic molecule. Unfortunately, it is not clear that proteins built from amino acids can ‘do’ genetics.”

 

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Pesquisa:

NA TERRA

1) Pristine water: definition, having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied. = h2o

2) Carbon dioxide ice or Dry ice, (gelo seco) sometimes referred to as “cardice” or as “card ice” (chiefly British English), is the solid form of carbon dioxide. Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2), comprising two oxygen atoms bonded to a single carbon atom. It is colorless, with a sour zesty odor, non-flammable, and slightly acidic.

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms each covalently double bondedto a single carbon atom. It is a gas at standard temperature and pressure and exists in Earth’s atmosphere in this state,

As part of the carbon cycleplantsalgae, and cyanobacteria use light energy to photosynthesize carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water, withoxygen produced as a waste product

carbohydrate is an organic compound comprising only carbonhydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n (where m could be different from n).[1] Some exceptions exist; for example, deoxyribose, a sugar component of DNA,[2] has the empirical formula C5H10O4.[3] Carbohydrates are technically hydrates of carbon;

NO COMETA:

3) Ammonia solution, also known as ammonium hydroxideammonia waterammonical liquorammonia liquoraqua ammoniaaqueous ammonia, or simply ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water. It can be denoted by the symbols NH3(aq).

Like other gases, ammonia exhibits decreasing solubility in solvent liquids as the temperature of the solvent increases.

4) Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, wood alcoholwood naphtha or wood spirits, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (often abbreviated MeOH).  From synthesis gas:  Carbon monoxide and hydrogen react over a catalyst to produce methanol.

(Nao confundir methane CH4 com methanol CH3OH)  – O methane volta a ser noticia porque a Curiosity nao acha metahne em Marte (antes satelites e telescopios imformavam captarem metano la) e isso confrona a teoria de que o planeta tenha tido ou ainda tem vida, pois metano pe fundamental para iniciar a vida. Estou deduzindo pela formula do metano que ele ja tras sua morte rapida em si mesmo, pelo atomo de oxigenio. Entao seria um gaz que constantemente estaria trocando seus building blocks como na sopa primordial do Big Bang. Mas entao teria que ter uma fonte produzindo metano constantemente, ou algo qie recebe o gaz desfeito e o refaz. Mas esta curta vida do metano lataria a possibilidade das moleculas iniciais da vida, como aminoacido, se firmarem. No entanto, tem a informacao que na Terra, 95% do metano pe produzido por organismos vivos.. Isto levanta a hipotese de que nao apenas as moleculas de gaz metano desapareciam, mas sim a totalidade do gaz tambem, porem, logo apos se firmarem, os organismos contornaram o problema do desaparcimento do gaz aprendendo eles mesmos a produzi-lo. Se aprenderam a produzi-lo pe porque a fonte do metano esta no corpo deles. Isto quer dizer que a fonte misteriosa que supria metano para a atmosfera de Marte, e da Terra, foi transferida ou transmitida sua copia para o corpo do organismo. Agora pe preciso saber como o organismo produz o metano, para saber onde esta a fonte inorganica que sumiu da Terra e talvez de Marte.

Surge a hipotese que o metano respira, ou seja…, A formula do metano pe CH3OH. Suponha que exista uma molecula CH4. E nela entra um Oxigenio. Torna-se metano. O oxigenio desfaz a molecula. Mas imediatamente outro CH4, ou o mesmo que resultou da morte de um metano absorve novo O. O metano surge novo ou ressuscita, se veio de outro metano desfeito. Isto pode ter sido o principio da respiracao no mundo organico.

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Intuicoes, conclusoes:

Anino acido formam proteinas e nao nucleotides, nao estao no RNA e DNA. Parece-me que aminoacidos representam a corrente de energia que curcula no circuit, o que chamo de ondas do tempo, enquanto nucleotideos representam os corpos no circuito, ou seja, as mesmas ondas tornadas particulas. Isto porque ja tenho descoberto que proteinas representam os trechos do circuito entre os corpos.

Amino acids (/əˈmn//əˈmn/, or /ˈæmɪn/) are biologically important organic compounds made from amine (-NH2) and carboxylic acid (-COOH)functional groups, along with a side-chain specific to each amino acid. The key elements of an amino acid are carbonhydrogenoxygen, and nitrogen, though other elements are found in the side-chains of certain amino acids. About 500 amino acids are known[1] and can be classified in many ways. Structurally they can be classified according to the functional groups’ locations as alpha- (α-), beta- (β-), gamma- (γ-) or delta- (δ-) amino acids; other categories relate to polaritypH level, and side chain group type (aliphatic, acyclic, aromatic, containing hydroxyl or sulfur, etc.) In the form of proteins, amino acids comprise the second largest component (after water) of human musclescells and other tissues.[2] Outside proteins, amino acids perform critical roles in processes such as neurotransmitter transport and biosynthesis.(Ver mais)

Comparison of the structures of alanine and beta alanine. In alanine, the side-chain is a methyl group; in beta alanine, the side-chain contains a methylene group connected to an amino group, and the alpha carbon lacks an amino group. The two amino acids, therefore, have the same formulae but different structures.

Ok. Entao aminoacidos sao formados de amine (-Nh2) mais Carboxylic acid (-COOH). Vejamos o que pe isto:

Amines are organic compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair. Amines are derivatives ofammonia, wherein one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by a substituent such as an alkyl or aryl group.[1] Important amines include amino acidsbiogenic aminestrimethylamine, and aniline; see Category:Amines for a list of amines. Inorganicderivatives of ammonia are also called amines, such as chloramine (NClH2); see Category:Inorganic amines.Compounds with the nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl of the structure R–CO–NR′R″ are called amides and have different chemical properties from amines (Ver mais)

secondary amine

Ammonia or azane is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. It is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Ammonia, either directly or indirectly, is also a building-block for the synthesis of many pharmaceuticals and is used in many commercial cleaning products. Although in wide use, ammonia is both caustic and hazardous. The global industrial production of ammonia for 2012 is anticipated to be 198 million tonnes,[7] a 35% increase over the estimated 2006 global output of 146.5 million tonnes (Ver mais)

carboxylic acid /ˌkɑrbɒkˈsɪlɪk/ is an organic acid characterized by the presence of at least one carboxyl group.[1] The general formula of a carboxylic acid is R-COOH, where R is some monovalent functional group. A carboxyl group (or carboxy) is a functional group consisting of a carbonyl (RR’C=O) and a hydroxyl (R-O-H), which has the formula -C(=O)OH, usually written as -COOH or -CO2H.[2]

Carboxylic acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids because they are proton (H+) donors. They are the most common type of organic acid. Among the simplest examples are formic acid H-COOH, which occurs in ants, and acetic acid CH3-COOH, which gives vinegar its sour taste. Acids with two or more carboxyl groups are calleddicarboxylictricarboxylic, etc. The simplest dicarboxylic example is oxalic acid (COOH)2, which is just two connected carboxyls. Mellitic acid is an example of a hexacarboxylic acid. Other important natural examples are citric acid (in lemons) and tartaric acid (in tamarinds).

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Nucleotides are organic molecules that form the basic building blocks of nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. A nucleotide is composed of a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose) and at least one phosphate group.

Nucleotides serve to carry packets of energy within the cell (ATP). In the form of thenucleoside triphosphates (ATPGTPCTP and UTP), nucleotides play central roles inmetabolism.[1] In addition, nucleotides participate in cell signaling (cGMP and cAMP), and are incorporated into important cofactors of enzymatic reactions (e.g. coenzyme AFADFMNNAD, and NADP+).

Synthesis[edit source | editbeta]

Nucleotides can be synthesized by a variety of means both in vitro and in vivo.

In vivo, nucleotides can be synthesized de novo or recycled through salvage pathways.[3] The components used in de novo nucleotide synthesis are derived from biosynthetic precursors of carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism, and from ammonia and carbon dioxide. The liver is the major organ of de novo synthesis of all four nucleotides. De novo synthesis of pyrimidines and purines follows two different pathways. Pyrimidines are synthesized first from aspartate and carbamoyl-phosphate in the cytoplasm to the common precursor ring structure orotic acid, onto which a phosphorylated ribosyl unit is covalently linked. Purines, however, are first synthesized from the sugar template onto which the ring synthesis occurs. For reference, the syntheses of the purine and pyrimidine nucleotides are carried out by several enzymes in the cytoplasm of the cell, not within a specificorganelle. Nucleotides undergo breakdown such that useful parts can be reused in synthesis reactions to create new nucleotides.

In vitro, protecting groups may be used during laboratory production of nucleotides. A purified nucleoside is protected to create a phosphoramidite, which can then be used to obtain analogues not found in nature and/or to synthesize an oligonucleotide.

 

Pesquisa para usar Vírus na produção de Energia de Plantas

terça-feira, julho 2nd, 2013

(Pesquisa em andamento)

How synthetic viruses can boost green energy production

By Tom McKeag
Published July 02, 2013
http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/07/02/how-synthetic-viruses-boost-green-energy
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Destaques do artigo:
– They are, especially, survivors, but they need a host in order to pass on their DNA. One key to their success, therefore, is the ability to selectively bind to this host. A science team at theMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is studying this capability to improve the performance of green energy technologies.
Matrix/DNA: O mecanismo do virus para captar e agarrar um hospedeiro deve estar baseado na sequencia de pontos do circuito sistemico, observavel na formula da Matrix:
E o desenho do circuito do fluxo interno de informação da fórmula da Matrix/DNA na sua versão de sistema perfeito fechado, na forma de diagrama de software

E o desenho do circuito do fluxo interno de informação da fórmula da Matrix/DNA na sua versão de sistema perfeito fechado, na forma de diagrama de software

Mas a origem universal desta formula, ou seja, a forma como ela surge e se manifesta neste universo material, ev qualquer onda de luz natural, representada neste grafico:

Light - The Electric-Magnetic Spectrum by Matrix/DNAEnquanto as duas gravuras acima sao simbolicas representacoes humanas de fenomenos naturais invisiveis, a gravura a seguir mostra como eles influem nos meios materiais. A formula da Matrix esta acima representada na forma de um diagrama simples de software computacional, e o desenho a seguir representa tipos de reais hardwares materiais criados pela formula:

Matrix/DNA: O template para todos os sistemas naturais, de átomos a nucleotideos a galáxias e células. O circuíto energético padrão.

Matrix/DNA: O template para todos os sistemas naturais, de átomos a nucleotideos a galáxias e células. O circuíto energético padrão.

Entendo que virus sao resultantes de uns poucos bit-informacao vindos de algum pequeno trecho do circuito sistemico – em relacao ao aspecto diagrama – que seria um trecho da onda de luz. Devido suas propriedades, principalmente a fundamental atividade de apenas auto-reproduzir-se quando inserido num hospedeiro, deduzo que o virus ev um emissor de bits-informacao buscando outro receptor de bits-informacao, o ual seria os pontos seguintes a sua localizacao no circuito. Devido a conexao disparar um mecnismo de reproducao, deduzo que estes bits estejam relacionados a funcao sexual na formula, entao me dirijo ao trecho do circuito entre funcoes 4 e 1, para encontrar a forte hipotese de que virus sejam constituidos por informacoes da Funcao 5. E a partir desta hipotese, tenho estudado muitas caracteristicas dos virus e ate agora todas indicam que esta hipotese ev forte e faz sentido. Uma evidencia ev de que a F5 se representa na celula vital na forma do RNA, ela construiu o RNA, os primeiros virus eram puro RNA e proteina, dentro da celula ev o RNA que viaja e transporta entre o citoplasma e o nucleo onde se encontra com o DNA, portanto, as primeiras manifestacoes da vida biologica foram viruses. Outra indicacao importante ev notar que nos sistemas astronomicos a F5 produz os cometas, o que parce sugerir que cometas ou pedacos de cometas tem a possibilidade de produzirem e trazerem viruses a Terra. A segunda gravura, do espectro da luz, indica que virus encontram seu ponto geografico ideal onde impere materia sob vibracao produzida pelas frequencias infra-vermelho e micro-ondas. E bom lmbrar tambem que estas conexoes podem se darem ao nivel de fotons.

O receptor no hospedeiro para viruses deve ser informacoes sobre a F1 e/ou F6, sendo que prefiro por hora suspeitar que sao apenas relativas a F1, a qual representa a funcao feminina reprodutora nos sistemas. Nas celulas, a regiao mais provavel para conter estas informacoes receptoras seria o nucleo, que representa a F1, mas dentro deste, o DNA. A F6 na celula vegetal ev representada pelos cloroplastos, e na celula animal, pelas mitocondrias. Talvez haja alguma relacao entre uma possivel atividade feminina da eva mitocondrial e os virus, mas ev uma possibilidade meio incomoda, que nao oferece muito sentido racional.

Se tiver-mos uma tecnologia que consiga identificar e observar uma celula separada entre suas sete diferentes regioes vibracionais, devemos focalizar-nos nas regioes de coloracao infra-vermelha e miro-ondas, na busca do receptor ideal para virus.

– – – – –  —  –

Angela Belcher leads the team and is an all-star of bio-inspired design.

Research by Angela Belcher and her team (relacionada a biomimicry) :

About 500 million years ago organisms started growing hard materials like calcium carbonate and silica, bone and glass.  For billions of years before the Cambrian geological period, organisms in the ocean were just soft bodied.  Then, over the course of about 50 million years, there was an explosion of hard bodied creatures due to increased ions in the ocean.  These organisms evolved to make exquisite nanostructures like shells and glassy diatoms. Organisms were limited in the types of elements they could use to build hard materials.  In the Biomolecular Materials Group, we are evolving simple organisms using directed evolution to work with the elements in the rest of the periodic table.  We encourage these organisms to grow and assemble technologically important materials and devices for energy, the environment, and medicine.  These hybrid organic-inorganic electronic and magnetic materials have been used in applications as varied as solar cells, batteries, medical diagnostics and basic single molecule interactions related to disease.  In doing so, we have capitalized on many of the wonderful properties of biology–using only non-toxic materials, employing self-repair mechanisms, self-assembling precisely and over longer ranges, and adapting and evolving to become better over time.

– Belcher is continually asking two questions: How can we impart (transmitir) genetic information coding for materials? Can we get living organisms to work with more of the periodic table?

– The viruses’ ability to recognize and bind to specific inorganic substances allows carbon nanowires to be connected to the carbon nanotube network, thus boosting the electrical conductance of the device.

 

( Pesquisa temporariamente interrompida aqui. Primeiro proximo passo urgente é elaborar um post para publicar no artigo. Corrigir o portugues, traduzir para ingles e deixar o artigo como primeiro na parte inglesa, pois ev bastante tecnico, util e divulga as imagens da Matrix) 

 

Imagem de superfície de planta com crateras e polens igual imagem de pulsar com vulcões e cometas!

quinta-feira, maio 16th, 2013

Esta ev  uma imagem da superficie de uma planta com crateras e polens. Interessante ev que ev uma imagem muito semelhante a ideia sugerida pelos modelos da Matrix/DNA de como deve ser a superficie do pulsar com seus vulcoes emitindo cometas. Como a funcao do polen no sistema vegetal ev a mesma funcao do cometa no sistema astronomico, as coincidencias aumentam, para reforcar a sugestao da Matrix/DNA que as primeiras criacoes biologicas na Terra imitaram ou copiaram o ancestral celeste…! Tenho que pesquisar isso e essa imagem servira de inspiracao para o desenho do pulsar.

Obtido em:

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652013000100147&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Relationship between pollen morphology and chromosome numbers in Brazilian species ofLippia L. (Verbenaceae)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652013005000010

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Pollen Formation: Development Of A Pollen Grain Within The Pollen Sac Of An Anther – A cross section of the developing anther displays four chambers. These chambers are called pollen sacs (see upper left illustration). Each pollen sac is filled with cells containing large nuclei. As the anther grows, each of these cells goes through two meiotic divisions, forming a four-celled tetrad. These cells are called microspores. Each one of these microspores eventually becomes a pollen grain. First, each nucleus divides by mitosis to become two nuclei. One is the tube nucleus. The other is a generative nucleus. The wall of the cell thickens to protect the developing pollen grain. As the anther ripens, the wall between the paired pollen sacs disappear. The pollen sacs burst open and the mature pollen grains are ready for dispersal.

 

Ovule Formation: Development Of An Ovule Within The Ovary At The Base Of The Pistil – While pollen grains are forming in the anthers, there are also changes in the ovary. An ovule starts as a tiny knob on the ovary wall. Each knob contains one cell. The ovule grows away from the wall on the end of a short stalk through which it is nourished. It is completely enclosed except for a tiny pore called a micropyle. The single ovule cell now goes through two meiotic divisions, resulting in four megaspores. One of these survives. This megaspore get larger and turns into an oval embryo sac ( see upper right illustration). More cell division occurs and a polar nucleus is formed in a cell in the center of the embryo sac. This sac goes on developing until it is ready for fertilization. In order for fertilization to take place, a pollen grain must get to a stigma pad of the pistil – pollination.

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REPRODUCAO DAS PLANTAS – WIKIPEDIA

Na maioria das espécies de plantas verdes, os indivíduos podem reproduzir-se tanto assexuada (agâmica) como sexuadamente (reprodução gâmica, ou por meio de gâmetas).23

Assexuadamente, as plantas se reproduzem através da separação de partes do indivíduo que podem dar origem a novos indivíduos. Neste processo, não há recombinação genética, e portanto os descendentes são geneticamente iguais aos “pais”, podendo ser considerados clones de um indivíduo. A reprodução assexuada nas plantas ocorre de várias maneiras: por brotamento (ou gemulação), por fragmentação, pela formação de estolhos, e poresporulação. Na esporulação podem se formar células especiais os esporos que podem ser aplanósporos (normalmente transportados pelo vento ou por animais) ou zoósporos (móveis) com dois ou mais flagelos.

O homem tirou partido desta capacidade de reprodução assexuada nas plantas, desenvolvendo métodos especializados de multiplicação, como aestaquiaalporquia e enxertia.24

reprodução sexuada nas plantas verdes ocorre normalmente com alternância de gerações, em que ocorre um esporófito (o indivíduo “adulto” nasplantas vasculares) e um gametófito – o indivíduo que produz os gâmetas – que pode ser “parasita” do esporófito, como nas espermatófitas ou ter vida independente. Nas plantas verdes aquáticas (por exemplo, as Chlorophyta e Charophyta, ou algas verdes) existe a produção de gâmetas móveis, podendo o processo ser por isogamia (gâmetas iguais) ou oogamia (gâmetas “femininos” grandes e imóveis e masculinos, móveis).

 

Cometas: Com Nucleos Elétricamente Carregados? Confirmando os Modêlos da Matrix/DNA?

quinta-feira, outubro 4th, 2012

Ví isto rapidamente e copio aqui para posterior investigação. Será verdade?

http://endgametime.wordpress.com/about/

UPDATE JUNE 25, 2011

THE DATES ARE NOW KNOWN.

Nasa’s facts are wrong.  Here are the facts that Nasa doesn’t want you to know.  COMET ELENIN is an extinction level event coming out of constellation LEO.   Discovered by Leo Elenin?

Elenin is a very dangerous comet because it is a long period comet whose tail the Earth will pass through. Comets are not balls of ice and dust like Nasa states, but are charred metal electrical super-capacitors that recharge a star. Nasa will not release this information because there is absolutely nothing anyone can do about it except panic.

Comets are electromagnetically connected to the sun and planets by EM ropes (JPL, 2005). Extreme EM can cause earthquakes. This is what HAARP research is based upon. EM energy lubricates fault lines. The reason Elenin is causing quakes when others comets do not is because Elenin has been in deep space a long time gathering electrons to energize the sun by discharging its capacitance.

Comets pick up electrons as they fly through space. The more massive the comet nucleus and the longer in space without discharging, the more electricity is stored in the comet. When the comet approaches the sun, it begins to glow because the electric circuit is energized by the sun’s proton wind. When we see a comet suddenly brighten, this is because the comet is discharging electricity to the sun through EM ropes which produces an extraordinary burst in brightness. The sun provides the positive charge and the stored electrons surrounding the comet provide the negative charge to complete and electric circuit and fire up the photon tail. The metal comet nucleus behaves similar to the filament on a lightbulb when positive and negative wires are attached. The bulb glows. The brightness is proportional to current flow.

Comets do the same thing. They start off far away with just the solar wind causing a faint glow until the comet gets close enough to the sun for the comet to discharge its stored capacitance to the sun. The infrared signature for comet Elenin suggests the charge Elenin is carrying is so large that when the comet dumps its capacitance, the resulting photon eruption (comet tail) will engulf the Earth as the Earth passes through the tail around September 26th and then through the EM ropes on November 22nd.

When Elenin was 14 AUs away on June 14, 2007, Nasa photographed the comet when they took the infrared image for google sky. The infrared image indicates Elenin’s infrared electrical signature is 17 million miles across with xray jets extending over 100 million miles from Elenin. When Elenin flares and dumps its electron load (electricity), the photon flash will be so great that it will instantly turn the earth’s surface into light energy.

The reasons other comets do not present the same threat is that most comets do not pass between the earth and the sun putting the earth in the tail. Also, comets with periods of a hundred years or so are able to dump their charge more frequently which keeps the IR signature low.

Elenin is different. There is no other object is space that humans have identified that has an electric signature in infrared like Elenin. God is light and He is coming for you. See you all on the other side.

Vulcão do Chile Reproduzindo Cenas da Matrix?!

segunda-feira, janeiro 2nd, 2012

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A Matrix revelada no vulcão do Chile ?!

Será fantástico se fôr real! Os modêlos desta teoria retratam a célula viva como cópia fiel do céu, ou seja, do building block ou tijolos dos sistemas astronomicos. E os modêlos sempre insistiram em indicar que a fórmula astronomica existe nos nucleos dos astros, como a Terra. É da radiação da energia das camadas internas do Sol encontrando-se com a energia do nucleo da Terra que sobe à superficie tambem através das erupções vulcanicas que surge a matéria organica, os primeiros aminoácidos, os nucleotideos, enfim a Vida. Mas será possível que a formação da estrutura de poeira e descargas elétricas do vulcão do Chile está reproduzindo a estrutura da galáxia? isto indicaria que tudo o que saia do interior da Terra, de qualquer maneira, se molda na forma da Matrix Universal?

Tem lógica, muita lógica, a coisa tôda faz sentido, mas seria demasiado espetacular, estonteante!

Observe a foto acima tirada da estrutura sob tempestade que se formou acima do vulcão Puyehue-Cordón Caulle, do Chile, quando entrou em erupção. Note a esfera luminosa no centro da foto. Dela saem raios mas fixe os que vão para a esquerda e para cima. Vê-se nitidamente a forma de um cometa. Cuja ponta da cabeça se dirige a outra formação de raios meio amarelada na forma de V com uma pequena esfera luminosa dentro. Bem, o que tem isso a ver?

Observe nosso primeiro esboço da Matrix feito na selva a 30 anos atrás, na figura abaixo:

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Matrix DNA Universal

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Note que da figura na Função 4 sai um cometa (F5) que se dirige ao nucleo cônico que contem esferas luminosas internas. Ora, no seu estágio astronomico, a peça que executa a F4 é o pulsar, coberto de vulcões, cujas erupções emitem os cometas. As pequenas esferas liminosas dentro do cone no meu desenho são os embriões de novos astros. O vulcão do Chile desenhou no céu uma forma de cometa apontando para o que faz um espermatozóide: um baby!

No meu desenho, o cone que representa o buraco negro no nucleo galáctico está rodeado de poeira estelar. O do vulcão tambem, alíás, tudo está rodeado de poeira, cinzas. As duas cênas são idênticas! Não importa que o cone do meu desenho está atravessado em relação aos cometas, pois na verdade, o circuito no sistema astronomico é espiralado e não esférico como desenhei por não saber como retratar e mostrar o sistema em espiral. Como eu nunca ví nenhuma cena antes em lugar algum como essa que desenhei como resultado de calculos, parece até que tive uma visão do que aconteceria nos céus acima do vulcão 30 anos depois. Mas não…

Esta teoria diz que planetas se transformam em pulsares que são velhos planetas cuja superficie está coberta de vulcões ativos, gigantescos. Tais vulcões emitem magma com tanta fôrça que superam a baixa fôrça gravitacional do astro quase gasoso e ganham o espaço sideral. Os cometas levam em seu nucleo a lava incandescente que contem a metade de todas as particulas que compoem todos os territórios e partes de um sistema astronomico. Por isso deduzimos que o pulsar funciona como um elemento macho do sistema, que vulcões fazem a função de seu órgào sexual, que cometas fazem a função de espermatozóides e carregam a metade masculina das informações genéticas totais do sistema que vão na forma de energia.

Temos aí na foto um vulcão de um planeta novo emitindo forças que produzem uma tempestade elétrica que reproduz a cena tôda. Fui p6ego de surprêsa, quero acreditar que trata-se de coincidência, estranha coincidência, tem que ser coincidência, devo estar ficando esclerosado vendo a Matrix em tudo porque os modêlos sugerem que a Matrix se revela em tôda parte.

Mas… e se não for coincidência? A Matrix se espalha no Universo como um fractal, e o que se formou acima do vulcão teria sido meramente mais uma ocorrência do fractal. Fui pêgo de surprêsa e não conseguí ainda raciocinar o que isto significa se não for coincidência. Se vulcões são mesmos os emissores da fórmula, da fôrça da Vida, será tanta essa fôrça que qualquer ação de um vulcão em qualquer lugar significará sempre mais uma tentativa de semear a semente da Vida?!

Mas ao menos mais uma vez um fato real se constitui em forte indicação que os detalhes dos modêlos teóricos tem fundamento: veja na foto abaixo tirada do mesmo vulcão a indicação que os magmas vulcanicos são energizados… e tenha idéia do que os cometas ativos levam em seus nucleos.

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Magma Energizado do Vulcão do Chile como Magma de Cometas dos Pulsares