Archive for abril, 2016

Átomo Oxigênio e a Entropia na Formula da MatrixLight/DNA

sexta-feira, abril 22nd, 2016

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Pesquisar isto. lembrar que na formula do RNA-ribose, a entrada de 3 átomos de O na face direita indica que o átomo ‘e buscado quando inicia a entropia. Se eme ‘e um  receptor de electrons, quer dizer que a entropia esta se esvaindo através de elétrons.

“… oxygen is the terminal electron acceptor.”

Barbara Hand Clow (Mistica) e Sua Interessante Versão das Origens e Evolução da Auto-Consciência

quarta-feira, abril 20th, 2016

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Pesquisa sobre o fenômeno Barbara Hand Clow e Assuntos Relacionados

https://newsinsideout.com/2016/04/barbara-hand-clow-time

Surpreendente esta matéria e autora! A visão de mundo da MatrixLight/DNA tem sugerido que neste Universo esta’ ocorrendo um processo de reprodução genética de um sistema natural e auto-consciente que existia/existe antes do Big Bang e o qual deflagrou o Big Bang como um ato similar ao da fecundação. Nos seriamos aqui nesta região e tempo do Universo, 8 bilhões de genes semi-conscientes que estamos construindo alguma parte do embrião  de consciência cósmica. Desse fato se deduz que a atual consciência humana ainda é muito primordial, estando ainda ou em fase embrionaria oi na fase de recém-nascido que nem sequer abriu ainda seu próprio olho ( a terceira visão). Agora me deparo com uma autora cujos escritos parecem bater fielmente com a Matrix/DNA Theory. A autora tem uma origem incomum: é filha de cherokees cruzados com celtas. Seu avo de origem celta era uma especie de guardião-mor da cultura e sagradas escrituras da mitologia celta, e ele transmitiu esse conhecimento para a curiosa neta. Esta desenvolveu certas capacidades hipnóticas e sugere que consegue retroagir no inconsciente terrestre do tempo até 150.000 anos atras (!!!) e retorna com um extenso trabalho de itens jamais pensados pelo homem moderno. Registro aqui esta breve leitura introdutória rápida para quando tiver tempo pesquisar esta autora e tentar ler seus livros.

Diz ela:

” Considering the Western rational mind, its development begins around 2500 years ago during the Golden age of Greece and culminated during the Renaissance 500 years ago. The Western rational mind is merely the most recent advance in human consciousness. Before rationalism, the mythical mind first appears around 10,000 years ago and superseded the magical mind around 5,000 years ago. Back much farther in time, the archaic hunter-gathering mind is the first emergence of human consciousness around 160,000 years ago, which blossomed fully 100,000 years ago when humans developed art as we can see in the Paleolithic cave paintings. What is unique about hunter-gatherers is they were totally fused with Earth’s vibratory fields. They knew everything that was going on in their habitat and even had global intelligence, which is brilliantly described in the magnificent film, Avatar”

E isto se encaixa bem na teoria da Matrix/DNA que sugere estar a consciência humana se desenvolvendo pelo mesmo método embrionário dos nossos corpos físicos, ou seja, passando pelas fases e formas de morila, blástula, feto, etc. Isto porque, segundo a Matrix/DNA, a auto-consciência, seja humana ou cósmica, é um sistema natural construído pela mesma formula de todos os sistemas naturais, apenas com a diferença de que a auto-consciência é o software do sistema, a identidade abstrata do sistema. Quando a autora diz que a consciência começou a emergir nos trogloditas caçadores a 150.000 anos,me obriga a a expandir a mente para tentar imaginar quanto é longo o processo embrionário dos sistemas a nível cosmológico, pois para humanos isto se faz em apenas 9 meses. Mas claro, quando se sai das escalas a nível humano para entrar nas escalas a nível astronomico, as devidas proporções devem ser surpreendentes.

Outro detalhe importante captado apenas no texto acima e que bate com o já sugerido pela formula da Matrix/DNA  é a menção de que do que os primitivos humanos tinham um cérebro fundido com o campo magnético da Terra e isto lhes possibilitava um diferente e elevado conhecimento sobre certas coisas que nos não temos hoje. A Matrix/DNA sugere pela formula que o pequeno caroco que existe quase no centro do cérebro e denominado glândula pineal é resquício da involução da antena dos antepassados no-racionais,os quais percebiam por essa antena os efeitos do campo magnético planetário e/ou outros corpos mais próximos. Fica a grande questão – se essa hipótese tiver realmente fundamento – sobre qual o fato teria usurpado esta utilíssima propriedade de percepção ao longo da evolução das ultimas especies,  qual seria o método para recuperar essa propriedade de percepção.

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Notas Importantes:

Barbara dizendo-se mensageira de Pleiadians, os quais dizem que os movimentos energeticos entre 2012 e 2015:

” …. we Pleiadians announced at that time through Barbara Clow that nine dimensions—advanced human perceptual abilities designed to take you beyond limitation—were fully available to human consciousness. Think of it as a lovely Oriental fan that is slowly opening to show its beautiful birds and flowers. To summarize the nine dimensions: More of you can read the intelligence in the Earth’s core; detect tectonic changes; be totally grounded in linear space and time; analyze the dark and light forces easily; live with an open heart; align with ideal geometrical form; listen to the music of the spheres; communicate with the divine intelligence; and attain galactic citizenship. The tenth dimension is the vertical access that carries you into the Universe to garner your galactic citizenship papers. We await you.”

——-

Extraido de:     http://www.handclow2012.com/News/NineUs_NineDs.pdf

Therefore, we’ve decided to identify pertinent positive and negative aspects of the Nine Underworlds that currently function in your reality. We offer this information because negative behavior on the part of people in power confuses you while bizarre and barbaric human acts shock you. Listen carefully: If you can identify the positive and negative aspects that developed during the nine evolutionary phases that completed in 2011, you will see that the people in power are often unconscious “carriers” of negative evolutionary patterns. Essentially, by adopting a power role they sacrifice themselves because their collective role tends to overwhelm their personal integrity. You should appreciate them for this because otherwise you would have few ways to identify these dysfunctional patterns to excoriate them from your consciousness. When you cut these patterns out of your minds, you allow leaders to stop carrying them, which could get poor Jesus off his cross! Meanwhile, some leaders and individuals consciously carry positive patterns that weave timelines that form “ropes” between human hearts and the beings in the universe. For example, the San people of South Africa actually see these ropes. Individuals who take on a power mantle are highly complex and usually unfairly judged. As you observe your leaders attempting to rule during the current chaos, we will give you a little tip: Anybody who dons a power mantle is immediately told their choices and actions are monitored by extraterrestrial intelligence. Watch them carefully; you will see it. These are times that make ordinary men into saints or devils or both. As some of you know, the Nine Underworlds of Creation and the opening of human multidimensional awareness describe the cyclic unfolding of evolution in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Nine Underworlds of Creation as defined by Calleman/Clow are very complex. They must be diligently studied and mastered by as many of you as possible because comprehending this gift from the Coba Maya enables you to be self-reflective about creation itself; this enables you to find your place in the grand scheme of things. As you do this, beings in the fifth through ninth dimensions have special badges, robes, and hats waiting for you when you identify your own role! What could possibly be more important, since you are poised on the edge of annihilation as you become conscious of your place in the multiverse? As we see it, you are going to do it because the negative patterns of the dark forces are burning up in the sunlight; the king, queen, and the pope have no clothes. The mayor too! Everything in human behavior is now visible, so let’s look at it through the nine lenses of the Underworlds.

 

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Pesquisa:

website de barbara: http://www.handclow2012.com/journeyninedimensions.htm

Ler Barbara PDF em : http://www.handclow2012.com/News/NineUs_NineDs.pdf

– Carl Calleman – ” The longest Mayan Calendar that explores 16.4 billion years of human evolution, as proposed by the biologist Carl Johan Calleman, completed itself in 2011. Then nine waves of evolution began flowing simultaneously, which is explored in Calleman’s upcoming book, The Nine Waves of Creation.”

– Mayan Calendars

– Livro final: …. “published as one condensed book, The Mind Chronicles, in 2007.”

– Ultimo livro agora:  ” my debut novel, Revelations of the Ruby Crystal ”

– Vancouver’s Body, Soul, and Spirit Expo on April 16 – Ver website

– Ver livro: The Ever-Present Origin by the German philosopher Jean Gebser.

–  Ver https://newsinsideout.com/2016/03/navigating-omniverse-omniverse-author-alfred-lambremont-webre-geri-destefano-webre-phd-vancouvers-body-mind-soul-expo-april-17-2016/

– Cuyamungue Institute near Santa Fe, NM to train with the woman who discovered ecstatic trance postures in 1977, Dr. Felicitas Goodman. Ecstatic trance

Desconstrução da Cultura Predatória Matricial de 10.000 anos: O Aliado NewsInsideOut.com

quarta-feira, abril 20th, 2016

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https://newsinsideout.com

Launched in December, 2014, NewsInsideOut.com has begun its mission to expose a media-built matrix of fabrications being promoted against the public interest.

Backed by a cooperative of Truth journalists citing contractual rights to mainstream access, NewsInsideOut.com offers investigative reporting, news and opinions turning the matrix of manufactured consensual reality inside out. Reports from the site deconstruct memes (evolutionary principles in the spread of ideas and cultural phenomena) whose ongoing production was identified as a de facto mission of the current mainstream.

NewsInsideOut.com  represents a deliberate attempt to ensure that news from Truth movement journalists such as Jon Kelly and Alfred Lambremont Webre reaches a wider public arena in the mainstream media. Both Kelly and Webre have defined current YouTube, Facebook, and website presences known throughout the awakened communities. The NewsInsideOut.com site is focused on professional news publishing operations providing grounds for digital syndication (the means by which stories enter mainstream news outlets including radio, newspapers and television.

NewsInsideOut.com interviews and articles are in furtherance of our journalistic mission and protection from governmental interference under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms of the Canadian Constitution, and the Magna Carta (UK) and are an absolute prohibition and bar to any imposition, criminal, equitable, common law, admiralty law, civil to NewsInsideOut.com‘s publication of true facts.

Origem, Função, e Transmissão da Mitocôndria : Paper da Ciência Oficial

quarta-feira, abril 20th, 2016

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Origin, Function, and Transmission of Mitochondria

(Copiado para traduzir e fixar na memoria)

 

http://jfallen.org/publications/pdf/Allen_2007_OFTM_proof.pdf

–  ver tambem indicações de livros a respeito aquihttps://books.google.com/books?id=ypMMy4hkyvwC&pg=PA52&lpg=PA52&dq=Female+germ+line+Zygote+ATP+ATP+ATP+ATP+Female+somatic+line+Male+somatic+line+ATP&source=bl&ots=-HH8-phugN&sig=V2kxJpIUwlgzuVI5CemAeWz1uf0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizv6_kyZzMAhUHFz4KHf5ADlAQ6AEIHTAA#v=onepage&q=Female%20germ%20line%20Zygote%20ATP%20ATP%20ATP%20ATP%20Female%20somatic%20line%20Male%20somatic%20line%20ATP&f=false

CAROL A. ALLEN, MARK VAN DER GIEZEN, JOHN F. ALLEN

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3.1 Introduction

Mitochondria have existed for more than a billion years, but it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that they were actually recognised in cells, at first as a grainy appearance in the cell cytoplasm when observed by light microscopy.

Mitocondria tem existido por mais de um bilhão de anos, mas não foi antes dos meados do decimo nono seculo que a mitocondria foi realmente reconhecida nas células, primeiro coma aparência de um grão no citoplasma da célula quando observado por leve microscópio.

The anatomist Kölliker (1856) observed mitochondria in muscle cells in the 1850s, while Altman (1890) suggested that his “bioblasts” (granules microscopically observable throughout the cell) were symbionts, something Schimper (1883) had suggested for chloroplasts 7 years earlier, and this idea was taken further by Mereschkowsky (1905).

O anatomista Kolliker (1856) observou a mitocondria nas celulas musculosas, enquanto Altman (1890) sugeriu que seus “bioblasts” ( granulos microscopicamente observaveis atraves da celula) eram simbiontes, a mesma coisa que Schimper (1883) tinha sugerido para os cloroplastos 7 anos antes, e e esta ideia foi levada avante por Mereschkowsky (1905).

In the following years, many people speculated on the role of mitochondria in the cell, with Warburg (1913) recognising the particulate nature of cell respiration and Keilin (1925) associating the cytochrome system with cellular structures. The first direct evidence for this functional association depended on isolation of the mitochondria from the rest of the cell, which became possible in the 1930s. The first isolations of mitochondria by cell fractionation were made by Bensley and Hoerr (1934), and, following this breakthrough, the path opened for study of the biochemical reactions occurring in mitochondria. As the sites of energy conversion and cellular respiration, mitochondria became regarded as the “powerhouses” of the cell. However the possible origin of mitochondria was not looked at for some time, not really until the 1950s. It was in the early 1950s that Ephrussi (1950) and Mitchell and Mitchell (1952) observed that mitochondrial replication in yeast cells was controlled by non-Mendelian genetic factors, and slightly later that McLean et al. (1958) observed that mitochondria synthesise proteins. The discovery of mitochondrial DNA followed in the early 1960s, when a number of different groups (Luck and Reich 1964; Nass and Nass 1963a,b; Schatz et al. 1964) published their findings of both mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA. While the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria had been considered since the time of Mereschkowsky (Martin and Kowallik 1999), the advances in biochemical techniques in the 1960s led to a revival of the idea, and a new and enthusiastic following for it. The driving force behind this renewed

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interest was, of course, the discovery of organelle DNA, and the nonMendelian inheritance of organelles. Margulis (1970) published a reformulation of the endosymbiotic theory in 1970, and endosymbiosis has subsequently become the accepted view of the origin of mitochondria. There is still disagreement about how this endosymbiosis arose, and which organisms it involved, but there is a general agreement now that the mitochondrion has descended ultimately from a free-living bacterium. In the course of a little over 100 years, scientists have gone from the first observations of mitochondria to an understanding of their structure, function, inheritance, and origin. The mitochondrial genomes of over 250 different species are now known (Tsang and Lemire 2003), as are the effects of mutations in many mitochondrial genes. There are, however, basic questions still left to be answered. Which organisms contributed to the first eukaryotic cell? Why do mitochondria retain a genome? Can mitochondria still function without their own genomes? Why are only certain mitochondria passed on to the next generation?

3.2 Origins of Mitochondria

All developments seem to be from simple to more complex forms. Whether this is true or just an imaginary chain of events that fits more comfortably with our way of thinking remains to be seen. The anthropocentric view comes naturally to us. Cars, for example, “evolved” from simple horseless carriages to high-performance automotive vehicles. This “evolution”, according to some proponents, is similar to the evolution of living organisms, including parameters such as natural selection. Nonetheless, the evolution of life is often thought to have occurred in a smooth and gradual manner. The first group of organisms on our planet, the prokaryotes, are generally the simplest. In principle, prokaryotes are “nothing more” than membrane-enclosed bags of enzymes capable of some biochemical trickery. In contrast, take eukaryotes, with ourselves as the glorifying example of how complex life can be. Clearly, “higher life” evolved from lowly creatures such as bacteria by gradually improving their simple architecture into more elaborate cells which include organelles such as nuclei and mitochondria. The gradual transformation of a prokaryote into a primitive anucleate eukaryote is still considered the logical chain of events in many textbooks. Accordingly, this primitive eukaryote at one stage took up a free-living bacterium which converted into our modern-day mitochondrion. Such endosymbiosis theories for the evolution of eukaryotes at one stage involved amitochondriate (i.e. without mitochondria) eukaryotes. This hypothetical group received recognition in the now defunct kingdom of the Archezoa (Cavalier-Smith 1987). All studied members of this group have been shown to contain mitochondria of some sort (van der Giezen et al. 2005). This raises

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the question as to why true amitochondriate eukaryotes, which would have been direct descendants of this anucleate eukaryote, do not seem to exist nowadays. Normally, one would expect intermediary stages of evolutionary development to be capable of producing a lineage of descendants even if the ancestors themselves become extinct. So, why do we not see truly amitochondriate eukaryotes nowadays? This could be for two reasons: either they never existed or they lost the battle of the “survival of the fittest”. The latter scenario suggests that, although these organisms did evolve in a particular environmental niche, they no longer occupy this niche, either because it does not exist anymore or, again, because its former occupants lost out to more competitive eukaryotes. An easier way to explain the absence of intermediate forms is to suggest they never existed in the first place. Although this might run in the face of our convenient way of ordering things in a gradual progression from simple to more complex, it actually explains our observations without invoking subsequent events (selective culling of the amitochondriates). So, perhaps the origin of the eukaryotes evolved in a “big bang”-like fashion; with a momentous event. Let us consider a counterintuitive but satisfying proposal for this event, and one that explains several key aspects in the evolution of eukaryotes. Firstly, the origin of eukaryotes and mitochondria was the same event. In addition, in contrast to general belief, the eubacterial organism that gave rise to the mitochondrion was not an obligate aerobe, far from it. Finally, again in contrast to general belief, the reason for the establishment of the mitochondrion was not energy production. The name of this heretical hypothesis? The hydrogen hypothesis (Martin and Muller 1998), which suggests that hydrogen, and not oxygen or energy, was the currency for the establishment of the mitochondrial endosymbiont. This suggests that the host was able to metabolise hydrogen. Eukaryotic genome analyses have indicated that almost all informational genes (i.e. involved in genetics) are archaebacterial in origin (Rivera et al. 1998). In contrast, all operational genes, i.e. those involved in metabolism, are eubacterial in origin (Rivera and Lake 2004). Various analyses, for example cytochrome phylogenies, had already indicated that the origin of the mitochondrion might be sought amongst the α-proteobacteria (Schwartz and Dayhoff 1978). So, the players involved are an archaebacterial methanogenic host and an α-proteobacterial endosymbiont (Fig. 3.1). Rickettsia has been put forward as the α-proteobacterium which would be most closely related to the original endosymbiont. One reason is the similarity of its aerobic respiration to mitochondrial respiration. But here is a problem: methanogens are one of the most oxygen-intolerant prokaryotes, and cannot produce any energy in the presence of oxygen. So, in a last-ditch attempt, the mitochondrial endosymbiont is put forward as a saviour of the oxygen-sensitive host (Kurland and Andersson 2000). But why put an oxygen scavenger inside the host it is supposedly protecting from harm? One would not put the knights on the courtyard but put them up on the walls to fend off any enemy.

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Fig. 3.1. The hydrogen hypothesis of Martin and Müller. The events leading to the establishment of the mitochondrial endosymbiont. Top left: A facultative anaerobic α-proteobacterium (dark grey) produces hydrogen which is taken up by an autotrophic methanogen (light grey). Middle: A more intimate relationship results into a larger surface area that can be used for interspecies hydrogen transfer. Top right: After eventually becoming fully incorporated, the proteobacterium initially kept producing hydrogen and in return received reduced organic compounds. (Martin and Muller 1998)

So, an α-proteobacterial host with a methogenic endosymbiont would make more sense if oxygen protection was the reason that forged the symbiosis. The hydrogen hypothesis does present the symbiosis as an interspecies hydrogen transfer gone too far. The endosymbiont remains an α-proteobacterium, but this time something more similar to Rhodobacter, capable of aerobic and anaerobic metabolism. It offered the methanogen molecular hydrogen and carbon dioxide, and the autotrophic host returned reduced organic compounds, which geared the endosymbiont’s metabolism to new heights. Subsequent gene transfers forged the symbiosis for eternity. It has been argued that anaerobic metabolism could not have been the driving force in times when atmospheric oxygen concentrations were rising (Kurland and Andersson 2000). The concentration of atmospheric oxygen around the time of the endosymbiosis (about 2,000 million years ago; Martin et al. 2003) was about 3%, or about 7 times less then the present-day concentration (Nisbet and Sleep 2001). Perhaps more importantly, large parts of ocean waters around these times were anoxic (Canfield 1998), and it is thought that these important evolutionary events would have taken place in the sea and not on the land as perhaps commonly thought. So, oxygen seems to have been an extremely unlikely factor to have influenced the establishment of the mitochondrial endosymbiont and hydrogen seems more important then ever imagined.

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One problem discussing mitochondrial function is that there does not seem to be a typical mitochondrion. Mitochondria evolved over a period of 2,000 million years in an huge variety of organisms living under an enormous range of environmental conditions (van der Giezen and Tovar 2005). Mitochondria range from archetypal aerobic mitochondria, via various anaerobic versions and hydrogenosomes, to the most derived forms, mitosomes (Tielens et al. 2002). Nonetheless, currently we know of at least one function found in all mitochondrial varieties; iron–sulphur cluster assembly (Lill and Muhlenhoff 2005). This essential pathway produces iron–sulphur co-factors for both mitochondrial and cytosolic enzymes involved in electron transport, enzyme catalysis, and regulation of gene expression. The most aerobic of mitochondria are involved in oxidative phosphorylation using oxygen as terminal electron acceptor, while more anaerobic versions use alternative electron acceptors such as nitrate (Tielens et al. 2002). Hydrogenosomes, similarly to aerobic mitochondria, convert pyruvate to acetylcoenzyme A, however not using pyruvate dehydrogenase but by means of the oxygensensitive pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (Embley et al. 2003). All these mitochondrial variants produce energy, be it by means of harvesting the electrochemical gradient generated via the respiratory chain or by substrate-level phosphorylation. Mitosomes on the other hand are not known to be directly involved in energy generation; currently, their function seems exclusively tied to iron–sulfur cluster assembly (van der Giezen et al. 2005)

3.3 Mitochondrial Genomes

As discussed by van der Giezen and Tovar (2005), mitochondria are an enormously diverse set of various organelles. Even if one is not willing to include the anaerobic varieties as being mitochondrial, the vast biochemical repertoire present in aerobic mitochondria alone is staggering. In addition to this biochemical heterogeneity, there exists a genetic heterogeneity as well. There does not exist such a thing as a mitochondrial genome. This genome can be as small as 5,967 bases in the case of Plasmodium falciparum (Feagin et al. 1991) and only code for three proteins (cytochrome B, cytochrome oxidase I and III) or as large as 490,000 bases for rice (Notsu et al. 2002). Strangely enough, although the rice mitochondrial genome is 80 times larger than the Plasmodium one, it does not code for 80 times as many genes. Although plant mitochondrial genomes tend to be the largest, the mitochondrial genome which actually contains the most genes is the one from the freshwater protozoon Reclinomonas americana, which contains 97 genes (Lang et al. 1997). The median is therefore something around 45 genes. If one takes a present-day α-proteobacterium (Rhodobacter sphaeroides, for example) which contains almost 4,000 genes, it becomes obvious that many genes of the original endosymbiont have been lost as a consequence of the symbiotic

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interaction. These genes have either been lost owing to redundancy (the host already contained homologous genes) or been transferred to the host genome (Timmis et al. 2004). It has been estimated that up to 75% of a eukaryotic genome could actually originate from the endosymbiont (Esser et al. 2004). The remaining mitochondrial genes are involved in a limited set of functions; always respiration and translation (as evident in the case of P. falciparum), and occasionally also in transcription, RNA maturation, and protein import (Burger et al. 2003). The partially sequenced hydrogenosomal genome from the ciliate Nyctotherus ovalis does indeed code for parts of a mitochondrial electron transport chain (Boxma et al. 2005). Other hydrogenosomes and

Obs: Não e’ a mesma imagem do livro

 

Fig. 3.2. Elements of energy transduction in respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. The mitochondrial inner membrane is shown in yellow. The principal complexes involved in energy transduction are complex I (NADH dehydrogenase), complex II (succinate dehydrogenase), complex III (the cytochrome b–cytochrome c1 complex), complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase), and the coupling ATPase. Vectorial electron transfer is depicted as thin, dark-blue arrows. Proton (hydrogen ion; H+) translocation is depicted as thin, red arrows. Other chemical conversions are given black arrows. The major, variable environmental input is oxygen (O2 ), shown in blue. Subunits of protein complexes are coloured according to the location of the genes encoding them. Mitochondria are usually pink or reddish-brown, the colour of cytochromes and iron–sulphur proteins, so reddish-brown subunits have genes in the mitochondrion and are synthesised in the mitochondrial matrix; light-brown subunits have genes in the nucleus, and are imported from the cytosol as precursors. The depiction of sites of synthesis is schematic only and corresponds roughly to the arrangement in vertebrates. (Adapted from Allen 1993a)

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mitosomes as well do not seem to have kept their mitochondrial genome (van der Giezen et al. 2005), indicating that the mitochondrial genome’s core function is respiration and oxidative phosphorylation (Fig. 3.2).

3.4 The Mitochondrial Theory of Ageing

Reactive oxygen species, generated largely by the mitochondrial electron transport chain, damage the mitochondrial proteins and DNA, and the mitochondrial theory of ageing, simply put, states that this damage leads to ageing and its associated degenerative diseases (Fig. 3.3). This theory was first put forward by Harman (1956), although earlier observations had linked life span to metabolic rate: the higher the metabolic rate, the shorter the life span (Pearl 1928). Although Harman’s theory has been around for 50 years, and there is a lot of circumstantial evidence to support it, there remain many

Obs: nao e’ a mesma imagem do livro

 

Fig. 3.3. Why we grow old and die: the mitochondrial theory of ageing. Free radicals (whose reactions are symbolised by a star), including the superoxide anion radical, O2 .−, are produced at a low frequency as by-products of respiratory electron flow in oxidative phosphorylation. Free-radical mutagenesis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) then impairs the structure and function of respiratory chain proteins, in turn increasing the frequency of free-radical production. Univalent reduction of oxygen by semiquinone anion radicals may be an important initial step, since ubisemiquinone is an intermediate in protonmotive Q-cycles in oxidative phosphorylation, and readily reduces oxygen to the superoxide anion radical, O2 .−. Other oxygen free radicals and sites in the respiratory chain may also be involved. Direct damage to proteins and membranes may accelerate the cycle and initiate somatic degeneration. Mitochondria may minimise, but never eliminate, mutagenic electron transfers. For animal cells, this positive feedback loop, or “vicious circle”, has been proposed as the primary cause of ageing. (Adapted from Allen 1996)

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uncertainties. When Harman first put forward his hypothesis, it had not actually been shown that cells generated free radicals, and it was only in 1969, with the discovery of superoxide dismutase (McCord and Fridovich 1969), that this question was satisfactorily answered. It is now known that cells generate reactive oxygen species at many sites, the majority of these being within the mitochondria. The two major sites are believed to be sites I and III of the respiratory chain. Experiments increasing the redox potential of either site I or site III increase the rate of generation of free radicals (Chen et al. 2003; Kushnareva et al. 2002). Both of these complexes reduce ubiquinone (ubiquinol is also oxidised by complex III), and univalent reduction of oxygen probably occurs by electron transfer from the ubisemiquinone free radical, an intermediate in ubiquinone–ubiquinol oxidation and reduction

_ UQ.− + O2 → UQ + O2 .−

. It is not known how much of the oxygen consumption of the cell is turned over to generating reactive oxygen species, but the figure is thought to be between 2 (Chance et al. 1979) and 0.2% (St-Pierre et al. 2002; Staniek and Nohl 2000). The cell has very efficient scavenging mechanisms, and so these figures may be underestimates. How much damage mitochondrial DNA suffers as a result of reactive oxygen species generation is still an open question. Studies have shown (Shigenaga et al. 1994) that mitochondria from older animals are morphologically different, and produce more oxidants and less ATP than those from younger ones, but we do not actually know if damage to mitochondria causes ageing, or merely correlates with it. The field of ageing research – what causes ageing and how do we stop, slow, or even reverse it – is an active one. Almost everyone would like to be able to extend their life span. Long-lived mutants of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, and even mice have been established in the laboratory, as reviewed by Balaban et al. (2005), but all of these have defective mitochondria, slowing down energy production as well as ageing. These animals also seem to have a reduced reproductive capacity. It seems that reducing generation of reactive oxygen species does indeed slow ageing, but at what cost? These animals can survive under laboratory conditions, but it is unlikely that they could survive in nature. Perhaps our mortality is the price we have to pay for survival in the short term, and our immortality has been secured by reproduction. Mitochondrial DNA is kept in the most hostile environment in the cell. While the vast majority of genes from the original endosymbiont have been transferred to the nucleus or lost, a small core of genes persist in the mitochondrial matrix. There is strong evidence that damage to mitochondrial DNA by reactive oxygen species generated during oxidative phosphorylation contributes to ageing and death of an organism, and so it is reasonable to assume that there must be a very compelling reason for the organism to continue to keep DNA there

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3.5 Why Are There Genes in Mitochondria?

Mitochondria have descended, in evolution, from free-living bacteria (Gray and Doolittle 1982; Gray 1992; Martin et al. 2001). Before the bacterial origin of mitochondria was generally appreciated, there were attempts to account for mitochondrial biogenesis in terms of sequestration of nuclear DNA in the cytoplasm. These need not detain us. However, there is a more recent dogma: that mitochondria retain genes and genetic systems because they are descended from bacteria. This statement, while correct, is not a complete explanation. For one thing, there are clearly subcellular organelles, hydrogenosomes and mitosomes, which are also derived from bacteria, and which no longer possess their own, internal genetic systems (van der Giezen et al. 2005). Another objection to this otherwise reasonable first guess – mitochondria happen to be stuck with bacterial genes – is as follows: many mitochondrial proteins with homology to bacterial proteins are now encoded in the cell nucleus, and are successfully imported, post-translationally, as precursors, prior to processing and assembly into functional complexes (Schatz 1998). Indeed, the major respiratory chain complexes are hybrids as regards the location of the genes for their subunits (Fig. 3.2), and there is no indication that their nuclearly encoded subunits are any less bacterial in origin than the mitochondrially encoded ones. Thus, even granted the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria, the persistence of mitochondrial genes and genomes requires explanation: if most ancestral, bacterial genes have been successfully relocated to the cell nucleus, then why not all? What is it about mitochondrial genes, or their gene products, that has prevented their successful removal to the nucleus? The textbook The Molecular Biology of the Cell (Alberts et al. 1994) states the problem very clearly, and the following quotation has been retained, unchanged, from the first edition (1983). Why do mitochondria and chloroplasts require their own separate genetic systems when other organelles that share the same cytoplasm, such as peroxisomes and lysosomes, do not? … The reason for such a costly arrangement is not clear, and the hope that the nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes would provide the answer has proved unfounded. We cannot think of compelling reasons why the proteins made in mitochondria and chloroplasts should be made there rather than in the cytosol. There seems to be no explicit proposal for the most widely held hypothesis for the persistence of mitochondria genomes, but the hypothesis is implicit in many discussions of mitochondrial structure and function. For example, and in contrast to the open question posed by Alberts et al., Cell and Molecular Biology Concepts and Experiments (Karp 2002) provides what is probably still the current consensus view. Mitochondrial DNA is a relic of ancient history. It is a legacy from a single aerobic bacterium that took up residence in the cytoplasm of a primitive cell

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that ultimately became an ancestor of all eukaryotic cells. Most of the genes of this ancient symbiont were either lost or transferred over the course of evolution to the nucleus of the host cell, leaving only a handful of genes to encode some of the most hydrophobic proteins of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Thus, according to this “hydrophobicity hypothesis”, proteins that are encoded and synthesised within organelles are characterised by shared, and extreme, hydrophobicity – all are intrinsic membrane proteins (Claros et al. 1995; Popot and de Vitry 1990; Von Heijne 1986). This view amounts to mitochondrial genes being stuck where they are because of an insuperable difficulty if translocating hydrophobic proteins between subcelluar compartments. Yet there seems to be no evidence that hydrophobicity presents a particular barrier to protein import. For example, mitochondrial ADP–ATP carriers (AACs) are intrinsic to the mitochondrial inner membrane, have six transmembrane helices, and yet are encoded in the nucleus (Saraste and Walker 1982; van der Giezen et al. 2002). 3.6

Co-location of Gene and Gene Product Permits Redox Regulation of Gene Expression

This hypothesis states that mitochondria and chloroplasts contain genes whose expression must be under the direct, regulatory control of the redox state of their gene products, or of electron carriers with which their gene products interact (Fig. 3.4). These genes comprise a primary subset of organellar genes. The requirement for redox control of these genes then confers a selective advantage upon location of that gene within the organelle instead of in the cell nucleus. Mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes also contain genes for components of the their own, distinct, genetic systems. These genes comprise a secondary subset of organellar genes: genetic system genes. Retention of genetic system genes is necessary for the operation of redox control of expression of genes in the primary subset: bioenergetic genes. Without genes in the primary subset, the function of genetic system genes is eventually lost, and organelles lose their genomes. This hypothesis of co-location for redox regulation of gene expression, CORR, was first outlined, in general terms, in a review on protein phosphorylation in regulation of photosynthesis (Allen 1992). The hypothesis was put forward in two articles (Allen 1993a, b), where the function of the location of organellar genes was proposed as redox regulation of gene expression. The term CORR was introduced more recently (Allen 2003a, b). CORR applies equally to mitochondria and chloroplasts, and accounts for the fact that both of these organelles possess membrane-intrinsic electron transport systems along with discrete, extranuclear genetic systems. CORR rests on ten assumptions, or principles, as follows:

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Fig. 3.4. Gene expression and principal pathways of biosynthesis of subunits of protein complexes involved in respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in animal mitochondria. Reddishbrown DNA, RNA, and protein subunits are located and synthesised in the mitochondrial matrix; light-brown protein subunits have genes (also light brown) in the nucleus, and are imported from the cytosol as precursors. White genes and ribosomal and protein subunits are nuclear-cytoplasmic and of archaebacterial origin. Reddish-brown and light-brown genes and ribosomal and protein subunits are of bacterial origin. The major, variable environmental input is oxygen (blue). It is proposed that it is beyond the ability of the nuclear-cytoplasmic system to respond rapidly and directly to changes in oxygen concentration or partial pressure, and so redox regulation of gene expression (red arrows) has been retained from the ancestral, bacterial endosymbiont. This redox regulation requires co-location of certain genes, with their gene products, within the mitochondrion. (Adapted from Allen 2003)

1. Endosymbiotic origin. As now generally agreed, mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from free-living bacteria.

2. Unselective gene transfer. Gene transfer between the symbiont or organelle may occur in either direction and is not selective for particular genes.

3. Unselective protein import. There is no barrier to the successful import of any precursor protein, nor to its processing and assembly into a functional, mature form.

4. Evolutionary continuity of redox control. Direct redox control of expression of certain genes was present in the bacterial progenitors of mitochondria and chloroplasts, and was vital for selectively advantageous cell function before, during, and after the transition from bacterium to organelle. The mechanisms of this control have been conserved.

5. Selective value of redox control. For each gene under redox control (principle 4), it is selectively advantageous for that gene to be retained and expressed only within the organelle.

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6. Selective value of nuclear location for genes not under redox control. For each bacterial gene that survives and is not under redox control, it is selectively advantageous for that gene to be located in the nucleus and expressed only in the nucleus and cytosol. If the mature gene product functions in chloroplasts or mitochondria, the gene is first expressed in the form of a precursor for import.

7. Continued and contemporary operation of natural selection for gene location. For any species, the distribution of genes between organelle (by principle 5) and nucleus (by principle 6) is the result of selective forces which continue to operate.

8. Primary involvement in energy transduction is necessary for organelle gene location. Those genes for which redox control is always vital to cell function have gene products involved in, or closely connected with, primary electron transfer. These genes are always contained within the organelle. Where primary energy transduction is lost completely, then organelles lose their genomes.

9. Secondary involvement in energy transduction may be sufficient for organelle gene location. Genes whose products contribute to the organelle genetic system itself, or whose products are associated with secondary events in energy transduction, may be contained in the organelle in one group of organisms, but not in another, depending on the physiology and biochemistry of photosynthesis and respiration in the species concerned.

10. Nuclear encoding of redox-signalling components. Components of the redox-signalling pathways upon which co-location for redox regulation depends are themselves not involved in primary electron transfer, and so their genes have been relocated to the nucleus, in accordance with principle 6.

At present, direct evidence for the redox control of organellar gene expression that is predicted CORR is stronger for chloroplasts than for mitochondria (Pfannschmidt et al. 1999). Redox effects on mitochondrial gene expression in vitro are largely confined, at present, to protein synthesis (Allen et al. 1995; Galvis et al. 1998). The search for a direct signalling pathway from the respiratory chain to mitochondrial DNA is likely to be an active area of future research (Allen et al. 2005; Lane 2005).

3.7 Maternal Inheritance of Mitochondria

As discussed previously, the mitochondrial theory of ageing rests on the observation that mitochondrial DNA is exposed to high levels of reactive oxygen species when the mitochondrion is performing its redox chemistry. These reactive oxygen species cause mutation. These mutations accumulate, gradually damaging the mitochondrion’s ability to function. This happens in

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all the cells of an organism, leading to the symptoms we know as ageing, and eventually to death. One of the problems facing any eukaryotic organism is how to ensure the next generation does not inherit the damage that it had suffered to its mitochondria. We can see that each generation starts off with new, healthy mitochondria, but how does this happen? The theory that two sexes are derived from a division of labour between male and female germ line mitochondria was first proposed in 1996 (Allen 1996). Here, it was proposed that the mitochondria of the female germ line have a repressed bioenergetic function, and so they escape the damage to their DNA caused by mutagens generated by respiratory electron transport. The mitochondria are therefore able to replicate and pass to the next generation with minimal change. The male gametes need to have functional mitochondria, in order to generate the energy needed to reach the egg cell. The hypothesis proposes that these bioenergetically active, and therefore damaged, mitochondria will be prevented from entering the germ line. As far as the mitochondria go, the most significant difference between the male and female is that the male mitochondria have to produce a lot of ATP to propel the sperm as quickly as possible towards the egg, and the female mitochondria do not really have to do much at all. If free radicals generated by an active electron transport chain are responsible for damage to mitochondrial DNA, then it is reasonable to assume that sperm mitochondria are likely to be more damaged than those in the egg. To take this idea one step further, perhaps the mitochondria in the egg cells are prevented from carrying out oxidative phosphorylation at all, in order to preserve as accurate a copy as possible of the DNA to pass to the offspring. In the systems that have been studied, it can be seen that cells destined to become the female germ line are identified and set aside very early in development. In the female, these cells will go on to form the eggs, and will contain the mitochondria that will pass to the next generation. When one of these eggs is fertilised, the cells that will form the gametes for the next generation are set aside, and so on. In the majority of organisms, and all mammals, the mitochondria are inherited from only one parent, and that is the mother (Law and Hutson 1992).It is thought that there are different mechanisms for excluding the male mitochondria, some organisms prevent entry to the egg cell, but in mammals it is an active destruction process. Sutovsky et al. (2000) have shown that the sperm cell mitochondria in cattle do get into the egg cell, and are subsequently targeted and destroyed, mostly between the four-cell and the eightcell stage of the embryo. The male sperm are ubiquitinated within the oocyte cytoplasm, which provides a target for proteolysis. The germ line is determined at a very early stage of embryology. In the nematode worm C. elegans (Seydoux et al. 2001), the fate of every cell from the zygote onwards has been studied, and even from the four-cell stage, the germ line can be distinguished. In mammals, the germ line is segregated very early, before implantation in

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fact. By the blastocyst stage, the germ line has already been segregated, and this is before the embryo becomes aerobic. From these observations, it is possible to see how mitochondria could be passed from one generation to the next without ever having to fulfil their role as generators of cellular energy, but only having to act as templates. The energy for replication could come from the egg’s helper cells, and once any mitochondria have an active respiratory chain they become unsuitable to act as a template for future generations

(Fig. 3.5). If such mitochondria did get

 

 

P. 52   Figura 3.5 –  Titulo: Female germ line Zygote ATP ATP ATP ATP Female somatic line Male somatic line ATP  — Why our genes do not die with us: differentiation of male and female gametes for motility and for fidelity of mitochondrial genome replication. The probability of encounters of two gametes is ideally the same whether one or both are motile; therefore, one sex (male) may produce gametes that sacrifice the mitochondrial genome in favour of oxidative phosphorylation. The other sex (female) is then free to produce immobile gametes in which oxidative phosphorylation is repressed in promitochondria, and through which the mitochondrial genome is thus transmitted with increased fidelity. Promitochondria are sequestered early in development in the female germ line. Female oocytes obtain ATP from oxidative phosphorylation in the differentiated mitochondria of ancillary somatic cells (follicle cells in animals). Promitochondria persist in plants in meristematic cells, prior to differentiation of somatic and germ cells. In contrast, any ancillary germ cells (nurse cells in invertebrates) will also require imported ATP, since they share the oocyte’s cytoplasm. Gamete differentiation may likewise rescue the chloroplast genomes of plants. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are thus maternally inherited. (Adapted from Allen 1996)

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into the egg cell, and so form the basis of the inherited mitochondria, one would expect that the offspring would be born at a more advanced cellular age than normal. Although the data are sparse, it is thought that early reproductive cloning of mammals was achieved by fusing a somatic cell with an egg cell whose DNA had been destroyed. “Dolly” the sheep was the first cloned mammal, and her nuclear DNA was derived from a 6-year-old ewe. She showed signs of ageing very early on, and died at the age of 5 (usual life span would be 11 years), of a disease more usually associated with old age (Allen and Allen 1999).

3.8 Conclusions From the time that mitochondria were first seen in cells, they have been an interesting enigma. The more we learn about them, the more questions are raised. There would seem to be enough unanswered questions in the field of mitochondrial function, genetics, and origins to engage researchers for a long time to come.

666 Decodificado ! E’ o Numero do Carbono no Centro dos Humanos e da Formula da MatrixLight/DNA!

terça-feira, abril 19th, 2016

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Veja bem a figura abaixo e recorde-se do que e’ o Carbono:

666 Decodificado ! O Carbono, o Atomo Mais Fiel`a Matrix Fechada

666 Decodificado ! O Carbono, o Atomo Mais Fiel`a Matrix Fechada

Agora veja bem a formula da Natureza para todos os sistemas naturais, como organismos, galaxias, células, arvores, etc., porem tenha em nota que esta ‘e a face da formula como sistema fechado em si mesmo:

The Universal Formula of MatrixDNA as Software/Closed System

The Universal Formula of MatrixDNA as Software/Closed System

E esta ‘e outra maneira de representar a mesma formula no seu aspecto de fechada em si mesmo e quando construiu os building blocks dos sistemas astronomicos:

Matriz DNA Universal E a Forma dos Sistemas Naturais

Matriz DNA Universal E a Forma dos Sistemas Naturais

E agora então vamos para o tópico.

Os autores da Bíblia iniciaram esta longa e incansavelmente repetida historia mistica sobre o numero 666.Segundo o que escreveram, ” 

666 e sua origem mistica

666 e sua origem mistica

” Deixe ao que tem entendimento reconhecer o numero da besta, pois ele e’ um numero humano, e este numero e’ 666 “

Qual a minha interpretação disto tudo, quando consulto a formula da MatrixLight/DNA?

A formula da Matrix foi obtida de pois de dezenas de anos pensando e calculando o que teria criado o primeiro ser vivo na Terra, que foi o primeiro sistema celular completo. A minha intuição me conduzia a crer que o seu criador tinha que ser um “sistema” ainda, um “sistema funcional”, acima de tudo. Pois observando tudo o que se vê de fenômenos vivos depois daquela célula, é que cada nova criatura sempre imita a estrutura física de seu produtor. Não poderia ter sido diferente com a primeira célula, pois a Natureza funciona como uma longa cadeia de 13,7 bilhões de anos que vem rolando naturalmente pelo processo de causas e efeitos.

Então naquela sopa primordial, teorizada por Oparin e experimentada tantas vezes a começar por Miller/Urey, e ainda acreditada no meio cientifico moderno, tinha que ter existido o sistema criador procurado. Mas como? Se naquela sopa, o único tipo de sistema que havia com certeza, era o átomo? E o átomo não pode ter sido o sistema criador porque a diferença entre a cria – a primeira célula viva – e um átomo é brutal, a Natureza não pode dar estes tipos de saltos mágicos. Então como aquele sistema estava ali e quem foi ele?

Ora, a inteligencia sempre avança e assim sempre encontra uma maneira de continuar suas investigações. Então me surgiu um método plausível para identificar o sistema. Anatomia comparada entre o sistema celular e o atômico. Mas quando experimentava este método me lembrava que na historia da evolução existe um outro sistema que é mais evoluído que um átomo e menos involuído que uma célula: o sistema astronomico, seja o estelar, o galáctico, o universal, etc. Então este parecia o mais indicado para se fazer a anatomia comparada.

Para encurtar tudo e resumir dez anos de buscas, no final cheguei ao que deve ter sido o elo entre os sistemas dito inanimados e os sistemas animados, ou vivos: os building blocks dos sistemas astronômicos, que são uma forma mais evoluída dos building blocks dos sistemas atômicos. Os átomos da Terra teriam tomado um banho fotônico solar de organização sistêmica galáctica e com esse banho e naquela sopa, se organizaram de forma inédita apenas obedecendo os mecanismos da genética e seus processos de auto-reprodução, constituindo os primeiros aminoácidos já contendo os próximos passos de sua evolução. E estes building blocks podiam ser representados por uma formula que torna mais fácil seu entendimento, principalmente se for o estado mais evoluído e perfeito desta formula, o estado de sistema fechado em si mesmo. Eis a razão da formula da MatrixLight/DNA. Light esta’ aqui inserido porque mais tarde, acabei descobrindo que antes de ser o building block de átomos e galaxias, esta formula já estava codificada na primeira onda de luz que emanou do Big Bang, ou de qualquer onda de luz natural hoje em dia.

Desde a a descoberta da formula, e agora tentando trilhar o segundo passo da investigação, que e’ tentar provar ou desaprovar a existência da formula, e enquanto não se consegue isto, vai se reunindo todas as evidencias a favor da existência da formula ( pois um so’ fato provando que a formula esteja errada seria o suficiente para jogar a a formula no lixo),  todos os dias sou maravilhado pela descoberta de mais evidencias e um mais profundo entendimento dos fenômenos e eventos naturais que de outra forma nenhum humano conseguiria. Mas um destes acontecimentos que me causam grandes surpresas foi o de um dia, quando de repente notei que a formula estava como base primordial de todos os mitos básicos das grandes religiões. Basta trocar os nomes e símbolos nas descrições dos mitos, por uma linguagem naturalista cientifica, e tudo se encaixa como uma luva! Seja a figura descritiva do Eden no Paraíso, seja o simbolo do I Ching, ou seja as sete rodas de espíritos em volta do turbilhão ígneo da doutrina secreta ocultista,… é sempre outra maneira metafórica de descrever a formula!

Apenas para ilustrar, observe na formula que o fluxo de energia/informação que se inicia em F1, faz um circuito esférico e termina em F1 para se auto-reciclar, pode ser desenhado da mesma maneira como uma serpente engolindo a própria cauda. Que é o simbolo mistico de Oroboro. Mas na verdade, a formula acima não é  assim esférica, ela é uma espiral, apenas a fiz assim porque ficaria confusa a espiral desenhada num papel em duas dimensões. E quando a vemos na forma espiral ela se parece uma arvore, com tronco, galhos, folhas e frutos, exatamente na forma da Via láctea que foi quem criou a arvore, mas ai você tem a arvore, a serpente, a fruta, etc. E quando inseres F4 e F1 tens a exata função dos cromossomas X e Y, ou seja, Adão e Eva. Assim por diante, a formula é como o bau de Pandora, onde sen encaixam todos s mitos criados pela Humanidade.

Atônito e surpreso por esta descoberta, a primeira pergunta logica é:” Raios! Eu pensei que tinha sido o primeiro a descobrir a formula, mas antigos analfabetos de milhares de anos atras já tinham conhecimento dela! Mas como se não sabiam de DNA, de galaxias, etc.?!

A conclusão logica por ora, e racional, é de que a causa desse conhecimento consiste no fato de que esta formula ser a mesma formula dos building blocks do DNA que esta nos centros dos neurônios do cérebro, tornando-os também o building block do cérebro que produz a mente, que envia a visão da formula ao cérebro. Não da formula em si, mas dos objetos reais, os sistemas, criados por ela. Os antigos – tendo uma mente muito mais fresca do que a nossa hoje, e portanto uma memoria mais próxima da historia de nossos ancestrais, inclusive os não-vivos, tinham flashes dessa visão. Ou ao menos alguns deles, em algum estado de cérebro alterado, por alguma droga química, ou algum fator estressante, etc.

Então o 666 coincide surpreendentemente com o numero que e se extrai de um átomo de carbono, que é o building block atômico essencial dos corpos vivos como o humano, e o carbono é o átomo essencial dos sistemas biológicos porque é o átomo que melhor imita e completa sem exceder o numero de seis funções sistêmicas da formula, dando a entender que cada partícula no átomo esta’ desempenhando uma função sistêmica.  Apenas lhe falta uma função, a de numero cinco ( F5) porque na verdade esta função é externa ao sistema, apenas existe em potencial latente da formula, já que ela so’ entra em ação nos eventos de auto-reprodução do sistema.

E assim explicamos mitos, religiões, galaxias, átomos e até a mente humana… por uma razão que ainda esta na sua infância, mas ao que ao menos fica temporariamente satisfeita com tal explicação.

 

 

 

 

Estado de Espirito Hoje – 19 de Abril de 2016 – na MatrixLight/DNA

terça-feira, abril 19th, 2016

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Nesta fase de infância da consciência cósmica na Terra, poucas células de consciência nascem no estagio em que a consciência começa a firmar-se como dominante num corpo herdado e ainda com a genética dominada pelo animal. Toda vez que nasce um novo baby, ressuscita uma das três tendencias da besta fera, ou seja, do animal de onde o corpo físico veio: ser agressivo grande predador como leões e tubarões, ser médio predador como lobos e raposas, ou ser o inerte mas também egoísta gado. Portanto as palavras direita e esquerda, quando se refere a ideologias de pessoas, são meros rebuscamentos para mascarar a herança animal. Direitista e’ a tendencia a grande predador, esquerdista e’ o médio predador almejando ser grande, e ao lado destes, tem o gado.
 
E’ fácil a uma pessoa auto-psicanalisar-se a si própria e descobrir a forma profunda que dirige sua carga genética e portanto, seu cérebro. Basta perguntar-se o que faria se tivesse ou imaginar-se tendo uma boa soma em dinheiro. O que escolheria a fazer da vida? Ter um bar na praia tocado por um empregado barato enquanto se pode ficar tomando banho de sol? Genética de médio predador. Ter uma loja? Genética de médio predador. Em emprego publico ou privado engravatado e perfumado sob o ar condicionado? Genética de médio predador. Ter uma grande fazenda e levantar todos os dias de manha saindo a passear de cavalo para fiscalizar sua grande propriedade e empregados, animais, etc? Genética de grande predador. Casa boa e cheia de crianças brincando, geladeira cheia, muros altos garantindo a segurança? Genética de gado.
 
Todas as três condições apontam ainda um grande atraso em relação a evolução cósmica da consciência superior. Pois esta consciência se revela quando um individuo, tenha a soma de dinheiro tiver, a liberdade de escolher o status e funcionalidade social que quiser, não renuncia de maneira alguma ao sonho de levantar todos os dias e passar varias horas mexendo na terra com as mãos sujas cultivando as plantas que vão alimenta-lo, abrindo buracos e fazendo a massa de mais uma construção que abrigue alguém como ele esta abrigado. Pois ele nunca se esquece que antes d nascimento de todo ser humano existe uma condição para sua existência, que e’ comer o pão pelo calejar de suas próprias mãos. Se não o fizer, estará vampirizando a energia de outro ser humano, pois nada cai do céu gratuita,mente, alguém tem que produzir o que comes, a casa onde moras. E enquanto outro alguém estiver fazendo isto por ti, estará sendo prejudicado no seu tempo ofertado pela Vida para buscar seu aprimoramento intelectual e portanto, da sua própria consciência.
 
Se eu fosse Deus, e se os humanos são o resultado atual do erro de si mesmos cometido no passado e na forma de algum ancestral, o mecanismo que eu criaria para conduzir os humanos a essa evolução, seria o da reencarnação sujeita a lei da ação e reação. Pois alguém com o instinto predador herdado do reino animal, so pode amar a justiça de verdade, tendo sido vitima da injustiça. Alguém com o instinto de sistema fechado em si mesmo – a outra forma de máxima expressão do egoismo – que e’ o instinto de gado, so’ poderá despertar e curar-se, se ficar sem o pasto de relva verde, como esta’ sendo a direção deste planeta sob o aquecimento global.
 
Então, no primeiro nascimento, colocaria uma alma para nascer dentro de uma família abastada, com físico formoso, dando-lhe a oportunidade do teste de seu caráter. Se esta alma escolher o caminho fácil de não calejar suas mãos e arrumar qualquer outra ocupação como justificativa para se auto-desculpar. estaria praticando a injustiça sobre alguém que teria de produzir o seu consumo. Para esta alma ver que isso e’ errado, seria mais um nascimento, uma nova vida, agora nascendo num lar desfeito ou sem família alguma, malformado fisicamente, predestinado a ser escravizado pelos que nesta vida atuam como ele atuou na vida passada. Reação igual a previa ação.
 
Mas mesmo assim, sendo um humano imaginado o que faria se fosse Deus, essa ideia de re-encarnação e a observação da vida na Terra, não me agrada,jamais faria isso deste jeito. Pois fosse qual pecado ou crime cometido por um humano, cria da minha cria como Deus, eu não permitiria vê-lo sendo consumido numa cama por virus como de fato acontece, na permitiria uma ovelha passando pelo terror de ser destrocada viva por um monstro sanguinário como realmente acontece, não permitira ver uma criança humana triste vivendo sob o jugo da miséria como acontece com a maioria da população de humanos. Sendo assim, recolho meu poder de razão a um patamar inferior de capacidade e revoltado, ou brigado a viver sob a consciência de que sou incapaz de ser deus porque se o fosse jamais permitiria esse mundo que deve estar sob o ugo de algum Deus. Minha vontade agora e’ me retirar da existência deste mundo, ser o nada infinito por toda eternidade, do que estar assistindo esta carnificina e animalismo a que sou obrigado assistir e a não poder nem mesmo estar trabalhando minha pequena terra para produzir o que estou consumindo e um pouco mais para ajudar os que fisicamente são incapazes de faze-lo,… como exige minha consciência e a visão de mundo em que acredito por enquanto, que ‘e a da MatrixLight/DNA, onde seriamos 8 bilhões de genes tentando construir o embrião de uma nova consciência, a filha a nascer para a consciência cósmica, apesar de que a quase certa ausência dela por aqui, indica que estamos na primeira fase de todo ciclo evolutivo, que e’ a fase dos ovos botados fora e a prole abandonada a própria sorte momentânea, porque a sorte a longo prazo, a de ser o embrião nascido cósmico, esta’ garantida pelas leis naturais e o mecanismo da re-encarnação.

Livro Parece Ter Relação com a Matrix/DNA

segunda-feira, abril 18th, 2016

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Terapia informativa segundo grigori grabovoi 14-11-2013 (1) from Elizabeth Marçola Herrgen

Ler livro completo gratis baixado aqui:

“A mente superior é o princípio de toda a matéria.”
Max Planck, Físico
TERAPIA INFORMATIVA
segundo Grigori Grabovoi - I. A...

Website Agressivo no Marketing: Investigação de Tecnicas

segunda-feira, abril 18th, 2016

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 Sol-pela-Matrix/DNA.jpg

Sol-pela-Matrix/DNA.jpg

Como fazer as imagens aparecerem no Google e os textos nas buscas? As imagens devem ser gif,jpg,etc.? O  titulo deve ir dentro ou fora da imagem? A palavra do titulo deve ser a tag?

Experimentar esta dica:

A comment about images – When you name an image that you’re going to post, use descriptive dash or underline separated words and include your name. For example: black-cockatoo-print-by-debi-dalio.jpg. This will help people who do image searches find you

1 – Imagem de Sol, muito procurada nas pesquisas:

https://upload.theuniversalmatrix/commons/thumb/b/b4/The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA's_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg/305px-The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA's_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg

Sol

Sol

  • Dia 4/21/2016
  • Nao esta aparecendo a minha no search
  • https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b4/The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA’s_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg/305px-The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA’s_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg
  • Vou experimentar este lomgo adress na minha imagem, mudando o https para o meu

 

2 –  Talvez tenha imagens ligadas a palavras em ingles ou outros idiomas e estas imagens não apareçam nas buscas de outros idiomas que não o ingles. Então copia-se estas imagens e poe-se o nome em portugues, espanhol, etc.

 

3 – Escolher a mais bonita ou informativa:

Computador: Links Em Aberto

sexta-feira, abril 15th, 2016

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https://hostmach.com.br/scripts?account_id=216248#anc_jumpin

http://theuniversalmatrix.com/pt-br/artigos/wp-admin/post.php?post=10371&action=edit (Buckballs -ver este artigo de onde saiu no Google e completar referencias)

http://www.biologists.com/ (lista de journals a ver)

http://tnonline.uol.com.br (ver)

https://panamapapers.icij.org/ (acompanhar)

https://www.facebook.com/Ajuda-Comunitaria-Brasileiros-nos-EUA-1459729034311346/timeline

https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20160413144924AA8XFMn

https://www.dnalc.org/websites/dnaftb.html

http://www.dnaftb.org/27/

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_genoma05.htm

http://rosicrucianzine.tripod.com/introductionhpb.htm

https://backchannel.com/the-weird-redemption-of-sf-s-most-reviled-tech-bro-ce8dd1bfb705#.s1bvzcymw

https://www.blogger.com/profile/03856123127881296058 (lista de blogs de Imperatriz a ver)

https://www.facebook.com/theconversationUS/

https://theconversation.com/us

https://www.academia.edu/22263617/Efeitos_org%C3%A2nicos_e_morais_da_pr%C3%A1tica_do_Sei%C3%B0r_e_do_Galdr

Quem Somos

http://www.artofhosting.org/pt-br/inicio/

http://www.gaiaeducation.org/docs/publications/EDE%20Curriculum%20v5%20Portugues.pdf

http://institutonhandecy.wix.com/nhandecy

http://www.gaiaeducation.org/index.php/en/ede-gaia-escola-brasil

http://www.world-science.net/othernews/160324_science.htm

http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/03/the-quest-to-make-synthetic-cells-shows-how-little-we-know-about-life/475053/#article-comments

http://phys.org/news/2016-03-ancient-viruses-lurk-dna-thought.html

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/dec/02/men-women-brains-wired-differently

http://skepchick.org/2015/12/on-setting-the-universal-sex-difference-bar-way-too-low/

http://the-orbit.net/lousycanuck/page/2/

http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2013/09/21/16271/

http://7e.biopsychology.com/step04.02.html

https://www.google.com/search?q=ampa+receptors&tbm=isch&imgil=qsE3RGrKXLCq_M%253A%253BjXJM0ozhizPHcM%253Bhttp%25253A%25252F%25252F7e.biopsychology.com%25252Fstep04.02.html&source=iu&pf=m&fir=qsE3RGrKXLCq_M%253A%252CjXJM0ozhizPHcM%252C_&usg=__JHDnvEqahh9QIb-DZetNWH1GIM8%3D&biw=1680&bih=919&ved=0ahUKEwjJ56H07s7LAhWCgj4KHdVSBtQQyjcIOw&ei=-mHuVsmCHoKF-gHVpZmgDQ#imgrc=qsE3RGrKXLCq_M%3A

CloudFlare: como deixar o seu site mais rápido e mais seguro!

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/comment?id=info:doi/10.1371/annotation/10a580a2-8b5c-465f-a3e8-e4f4871425f2

http://www.muyinteresante.es/ciencia/articulo/detectan-un-colosal-acelerador-de-particulas-natural-en-el-centro-de-la-via-lactea-401458299383

http://www.stemcell.com/en/Forms/Webinar/BrainPhys.aspx?id=

http://www.cell.com/neuron/abstract/S0896-6273(16)00063-5?_returnURL=http%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0896627316000635%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160225140254.htm

http://crev.info/2016/02/lightning-fast-brain-explored/

https://www.facebook.com/Piltdown.Superman/

https://twitter.com/search?q=%23Creatorgate

http://gizmodo.com/science-journal-publishes-creationist-paper-science-co-1762677821

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCSK9

https://breakthroughprize.org/Ceremonies/4

https://www.google.com/search?q=yuri+milner+philanthropy&oq=Yuri+Milner&aqs=chrome.3.69i57j0l5.7505j0j7&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=122&ie=UTF-8

http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/space-treasure-map-guides-e-t-search/

http://www2.mps.mpg.de/homes/heller/

https://www.google.com/search?q=Ren%C3%A9+Heller%2C+an+astronomer+at+the+Max+Planck+Institute+for+Solar+System+Research+in+G%C3%B6ttingen%2C+Germany&oq=Ren%C3%A9+Heller%2C+an+astronomer+at+the+Max+Planck+Institute+for+Solar+System+Research+in+G%C3%B6ttingen%2C+Germany&aqs=chrome..69i57.3844j0j7&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=0&ie=UTF-8

https://evolutionofhumanintelligence.wordpress.com/

http://www.physics.mcmaster.ca/?menu=10#id207

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/mu-wie022616.php

http://phys.org/news/2015-09-earth-like-planets-small-stars-magnetic.html

http://phys.org/tags/astrophysics/

http://phys.org/journals/astrobiology/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rosicrucian_Cosmo-Conception

http://www.rosicrucian.com/oph/opheng03.htm#chapterXI

https://www.google.com/search?q=teoria+dos+engramas+de+Ron+Hubbard&oq=teoria+dos+engramas+de+Ron+Hubbard&aqs=chrome..69i57&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=0&ie=UTF-8

Amazônia: O esquema do rio invisível imita a formula da Matrix/DNA

sexta-feira, abril 15th, 2016

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A integração do fluxo entre o rio atmosférico invisivel ( 20 billions tons m3 de agua por dia) e a agua do rio que corre no solo e despejada no oceano( 17 billions) forma um sistema novamente imitando a formula da Matrix. Como eu pensava nisso na floresta a 30 anos atrás e via a formula com a mente neste sistema mas nunca a desenhei no papel, agora devo retornar ao assunto e faze-lo. O orador aqui percebeu esta semelhança entre o ecossistema e o organismo corpo humano informando dados que eu não sabia, por isso copio o transcript para consulta-lo ao calcular a formula invisível como background do rio invisível.

O yanomani disse que ^O espirito da floresta nos disse^… repetindo o que sempre ouvi deles e ainda preciso estudar aquele fenômeno das soluções as questões virem a noite na mente enquanto se sonha.

xxxxx

00:11 What do you guys think? For those who watched Sir Ken’s memorable TED Talk, I am a typical example of what he describes as “the body as a form of transport for the head,” a university professor.

00:26 You might think it was not fair that I’ve been lined up to speak after these first two talks to speak about science. I can’t move my body to the beat, and after a scientist who became a philosopher, I have to talk about hard science. It could be a very dry subject. Yet, I feel honored. Never in my career, and it’s been a long career, have I had the opportunity to start a talk feeling so inspired, like this one.

00:59 Usually, talking about science is like exercising in a dry place. However, I’ve had the pleasure of being invited to come here to talk about water. The words “water” and “dry” do not match, right? It is even better to talk about water in the Amazon, which is the splendid cradle of life. Fresh life. So this is what inspired me. That’s why I’m here, although I’m carrying my head over here. I am trying, or will try to convey this inspiration. I hope this story will inspire you and that you’ll spread the word.

01:42 We know that there is controversy. The Amazon is the “lung of the world,” because of its massive power to have vital gases exchanged between the forest and the atmosphere. We also hear about the storehouse of biodiversity. While many believe it, few know it. If you go out there, in this marsh, you’ll be amazed at the — You can barely see the animals. The Indians say, “The forest has more eyes than leaves.” That is true, and I will try to show you something.

02:21 But today, I’m going to use a different approach, one that is inspired by these two initiatives here, a harmonic one and a philosophical one. I’ll try to use an approach that’s slightly materialistic, but it also attempts to convey that, in nature, there is extraordinary philosophy and harmony. There’ll be no music in my presentation, but I hope you’ll all notice the music of the reality I’m going to show you. I’m going to talk about physiology — not about lungs, but other analogies with human physiology, especially the heart.

02:55 We’ll start by thinking that water is like blood. The circulation in our body distributes fresh blood, which feeds, nurtures and supports us, and brings the used blood back to be renewed. In the Amazon, things happen similarly. We’ll start by talking about the power of all these processes. This is an image of rain in motion. What you see there is the years passing in seconds. Rains all over the world. What do you see? The equatorial region, in general, and the Amazon specifically, is extremely important for the world’s climate. It’s a powerful engine. There is a frantic evaporation taking place here.

03:55 If we take a look at this other image, which shows the water vapor flow, you have dry air in black, moist air in gray, and clouds in white. What you see there is an extraordinary resurgence in the Amazon. What phenomenon — if it’s not a desert, what phenomenon makes water gush from the ground into the atmosphere with such power that it can be seen from space? What phenomenon is this? It could be a geyser. A geyser is underground water heated by magma, exploding into the atmosphere and transferring this water into the atmosphere. There are no geysers in the Amazon, unless I am wrong. I don’t know of any. But we have something that plays the same role, with much more elegance though: the trees, our good old friends that, like geysers, can transfer an enormous amount of water from the ground into the atmosphere.

04:58 There are 600 billion trees in the Amazon forest, 600 billion geysers. That is done with an extraordinary sophistication. They don’t need the heat of magma. They use sunlight to do this process. So, in a typical sunny day in the Amazon, a big tree manages to transfer 1,000 liters of water through its transpiration — 1,000 liters. If we take all the Amazon, which is a very large area, and add it up to all that water that is released by transpiration, which is the sweat of the forest, we’ll get to an incredible number: 20 billion metric tons of water. In one day.

05:42 Do you know how much that is? The Amazon River, the largest river on Earth, one fifth of all the fresh water that leaves the continents of the whole world and ends up in the oceans, dumps 17 billion metric tons of water a day in the Atlantic Ocean. This river of vapor that comes up from the forest and goes into the atmosphere is greater than the Amazon River. Just to give you an idea. If we could take a gigantic kettle, the kind you could plug into a power socket, an electric one, and put those 20 billion metric tons of water in it, how much power would you need to have this water evaporated? Any idea? A really big kettle. A gigantic kettle, right? 50 thousand Itaipus. Itaipu is still the largest hydroelectric plant in the world. and Brazil is very proud of it because it provides more than 30 percent of the power that is consumed in Brazil. And the Amazon is here, doing this for free. It’s a vivid and extremely powerful plant, providing environmental services.

06:45 Related to this subject, we are going to talk about what I call the paradox of chance, which is curious. If you look at the world map — it’s easy to see this — you’ll see that there are forests in the equatorial zone, and deserts are organized at 30 degrees north latitude, 30 degrees south latitude, aligned. Look over there, in the southern hemisphere, the Atacama; Namibia and Kalahari in Africa; the Australian desert. In the northern hemisphere, the Sahara, Sonoran, etc. There is an exception, and it’s curious: It’s the quadrangle that ranges from Cuiabá to Buenos Aires, and from São Paulo to the Andes. This quadrangle was supposed to be a desert. It’s on the line of deserts. Why isn’t it? That’s why I call it the paradox of chance. What do we have in South America that is different?

07:35 If we could use the analogy of the blood circulating in our bodies, like the water circulating in the landscape, we see that rivers are veins, they drain the landscape, they drain the tissue of nature. Where are the arteries? Any guess? What takes — How does water get to irrigate the tissues of nature and bring everything back through rivers? There is a new type of river, which originates in the blue sea, which flows through the green ocean — it not only flows, but it is also pumped by the green ocean — and then it falls on our land. All our economy, that quadrangle, 70 percent of South America’s GDP comes from that area. It depends on this river. This river flows invisibly above us. We are floating here on this floating hotel, on one of the largest rivers on Earth, the Negro River. It’s a bit dry and rough, but we are floating here, and there is this invisible river running above us.

08:45 This river has a pulse. Here it is, pulsing. That’s why we also talk about the heart. You can see the different seasons there. There’s the rainy season. In the Amazon, we used to have two seasons, the humid season and the even more humid season. Now we have a dry season. You can see the river covering that region which, otherwise, would be a desert. And it is not.

09:12 We, scientists — You see that I’m struggling here to move my head from one side to the other. Scientists study how it works, why, etc. and these studies are generating a series of discoveries, which are absolutely fabulous, to raise our awareness of the wealth, the complexity, and the wonder that we have, the symphony we have in this process. One of them is: How is rain formed? Above the Amazon, there is clean air, as there is clean air above the ocean. The blue sea has clean air above it and forms pretty few clouds; there’s almost no rain there. The green ocean has the same clean air, but forms a lot of rain. What is happening here that is different?

09:57 The forest emits smells, and these smells are condensation nuclei, which form drops in the atmosphere. Then, clouds are formed and there is torrential rain. The sprinkler of the Garden of Eden. This relation between a living thing, which is the forest, and a nonliving thing, which is the atmosphere, is ingenious in the Amazon, because the forest provides water and seeds, and the atmosphere forms the rain and gives water back, guaranteeing the forest’s survival.

10:35 There are other factors as well. We’ve talked a little about the heart, and let’s now talk about another function: the liver! When humid air, high humidity and radiation are combined with these organic compounds, which I call exogenous vitamin C, generous vitamin C in the form of gas, the plants release antioxidants which react with pollutants. You can rest assured that you are breathing the purest air on Earth, here in the Amazon, because the plants take care of this characteristic as well. This benefits the very way plants work, which is another ingenious cycle.

11:12 Speaking of fractals, and their relation with the way we work, we can establish other comparisons. As in the upper airways of our lungs, the air in the Amazon gets cleaned up from the excess of dust. The dust in the air that we breathe is cleaned by our airways. This keeps the excess of dust from affecting the rainfall. When there are fires in the Amazon, the smoke stops the rain, it stops raining, the forest dries up and catches fire. There is another fractal analogy. Like in the veins and arteries, the rain water is a feedback. It returns to the atmosphere. Like endocrinal glands and hormones, there are those gases which I told you about before, that are formed and released into the atmosphere, like hormones, which help in the formation of rain. Like the liver and the kidneys, as I’ve said, cleaning the air. And, finally, like the heart: pumping water from outside, from the sea, into the forest. We call it the biotic moisture pump, a new theory that is explained in a very simple way.

12:26 If there is a desert in the continent with a nearby sea, evaporation’s greater on the sea, and it sucks the air above the desert. The desert is trapped in this condition. It will always be dry. If you have the opposite situation, a forest, the evaporation, as we showed, is much greater, because of the trees, and this relation is reversed. The air above the sea is sucked into the continent and humidity is imported. This satellite image was taken one month ago — that’s Manaus down there, we’re down there — and it shows this process. It’s not a common little river that flows into a canal. It’s a mighty river that irrigates South America, among other things. This image shows those paths, all the hurricanes that have been recorded. You can see that, in the red square, there hardly are any hurricanes. That is no accident. This pump that sucks the moisture into the continent also speeds up the air above the sea, and this prevents hurricane formations.

13:32 To close this part and sum up, I’d like to talk about something a little different. I have several colleagues who worked in the development of these theories. They think, and so do I, that we can save planet Earth. I’m not talking only about the Amazon. The Amazon teaches us a lesson on how pristine nature works. We didn’t understand these processes before because the rest of the world is messed up. We could understand it here, though. These colleagues propose that, yes, we can save other areas, including deserts. If we could establish forests in those other areas, we can reverse climate change, including global warming.

14:21 I have a dear colleague in India, whose name is Suprabha Seshan, and she has a motto. Her motto is, “Gardening back the biosphere,” “Reajardinando a biosfera” in Portuguese. She does a wonderful job rebuilding ecosystems. We need to do this. Having closed this quick introduction, we see the reality that we have out here, which is drought, this climate change, things that we already knew.

14:51 I’d like to tell you a short story. Once, about four years ago, I attended a declamation, of a text by Davi Kopenawa, a wise representative of the Yanomami people, and it went more or less like this: “Doesn’t the white man know that, if he destroys the forest, there will be no more rain? And that, if there’s no more rain, there’ll be nothing to drink, or to eat?” I heard that, and my eyes welled up and I went, “Oh, my! I’ve been studying this for 20 years, with a super computer, dozens, thousands of scientists, and we are starting to get to this conclusion, which he already knows!” A critical point is the Yanomami have never deforested. How could they know the rain would end? This bugged me and I was befuddled. How could he know that?

15:46 Some months later, I met him at another event and said, “Davi, how did you know that if the forest was destroyed, there’d be no more rain?” He replied: “The spirit of the forest told us.” For me, this was a game changer, a radical change. I said, “Gosh! Why am I doing all this science to get to a conclusion that he already knows?” Then, something absolutely critical hit me, which is, seeing is believing. Out of sight, out of mind. This is a need the previous speaker pointed out: We need to see things — I mean, we, Western society, which is becoming global, civilized — we need to see. If we don’t see, we don’t register the information. We live in ignorance.

16:51 So, I propose the following — of course, the astronomer wouldn’t like the idea — but let’s turn the Hubble telescope upside down. And let’s make it look down here, rather than to the far reaches of the universe. The universe is wonderful, but we have a practical reality, which is we live in an unknown cosmos, and we’re ignorant about it. We’re trampling on this wonderful cosmos that shelters us and houses us. Talk to any astrophysicist. The Earth is a statistical improbability. The stability and comfort that we enjoy, despite the droughts of the Negro River, and all the heat and cold and typhoons, etc., there is nothing like it in the universe, that we know of.

17:33 Then, let’s turn Hubble in our direction, and let’s look at the Earth. Let’s start with the Amazon! Let’s dive, let’s reach out the reality we live in every day, and look carefully at it, since that’s what we need. Davi Kopenawa doesn’t need this. He has something already that I think I missed. I was educated by television. I think that I missed this, an ancestral record, a valuation of what I don’t know, what I haven’t seen. He is not a doubting Thomas. He believes, with veneration and reverence, in what his ancestors and the spirits taught him. We can’t do it, so let’s look into the forest. Even with Hubble up there — this is a bird’s-eye view, right? Even when this happens, we also see something that we don’t know. The Spanish called it the green inferno. If you go out there into the bushes and get lost, and, let’s say, if you head west, it’s 900 kilometers to Colombia, and another 1,000 to somewhere else. So, you can figure out why they called it the green inferno.

18:42 But go and look at what is in there. It is a live carpet. Each color you see is a tree species. Each tree, each tree top, has up to 10,000 species of insects in it, let alone the millions of species of fungi, bacteria, etc. All invisible. All of it is an even stranger cosmos to us than the galaxies billions of light years away from the Earth, which Hubble brings to our newspapers everyday.

19:11 I’m going to end my talk here — I have a few seconds left — by showing you this wonderful being. When we see the morpho butterfly in the forest, we feel like someone’s left open the door to heaven, and this creature escaped from there, because it’s so beautiful. However, I cannot finish without showing you a tech side. We are tech-arrogant. We deprive nature of its technology. A robotic hand is technological, mine is biological, and we don’t think about it anymore.

19:42 Let’s then look at the morpho butterfly, an example of an invisible technological competence of life, which is at the very heart of our possibility of surviving on this planet, and let’s zoom in on it. Again, Hubble is there. Let’s get into the butterfly’s wings. Scholars have tried to explain: Why is it blue? Let’s zoom in on it. What you see is that the architecture of the invisible humiliates the best architects in the world. All of this on a tiny scale. Besides its beauty and functioning, there is another side to it. In nature, all that is organized in extraordinary structures has a function. This function of the morpho butterfly — it is not blue; it does not have blue pigments. It has photonic crystals on its surface, according to people who studied it, which are extremely sophisticated crystals. Our technology had nothing like that at the time. Hitachi has now made a monitor that uses this technology, and it is used in optical fibers to transmit — Janine Benyus, who’s been here several times, talks about it: biomimetics. My time’s up.

20:53 Then, I’ll wrap it up with what is at the base of this capacity, of this competence of biodiversity, producing all these wonderful services: the living cell. It is a structure with a few microns, which is an internal wonder. There are TED Talks about it. I won’t talk much longer, but each person in this room, including myself, has 100 trillion of these micromachines in their body, so that we can enjoy well-being. Imagine what is out there in the Amazon forest: 100 trillion. This is greater than the number of stars in the sky. And we are not aware of it.

21:30 Thank you so much. (Applause)